Smelt - schooling fish of the salmon family.
Smelt - Maritime anadromous fish, which has a population isolated lake. Spawning usually takes in streams and rivers over a distance of more than 100 km from the sea. It is widespread and has a high strength.
It has an elongated body, covered with large scales. Boca silver, big mouth, back brown-green color. It feeds on fish eggs, zooplankton and young. Reaches weight 160 g. and length up to 30 cm.
There are European and Asian toothed smelt.
Fish is common in the northern seas of the Old World German, Baltic, White and Arctic. This is the main habitat of the fish. However, it is spread and deep large lakes North-western Russia and Sweden.
The fish lives only in clean water and prefers deep waters cool in the summer and in the winter it can be seen in the shallow water.
Catch smelt mainly during the spawning run. At this time, the fish loses its care, so it is very easy to catch. For fishing using nets, seines and other traps. This type of fish is one of the naipopulyarneyshih for recreational fishing.
Properties smelt and calorie
A fish fat and tender flesh. Fish is very easy to clean and has almost no scales. Caviar has a very tasty.
The flesh of fish contains many useful minerals and trace elements such as iron, sodium, magnesium, calcium, potassium, phosphorus, molybdenum, chlorine, and fluorine.
Calorie smelt 100 grams. Product is 102 Kcal.
Nutritional value: Fat - 4, 5 gr., Protein - 15, 4 g., Carbohydrates - 0 c.
Useful properties smelt
Meat sea smelt very useful due to high content of nutrients. Individuals are advised to its regular use. Especially useful in the fish diets for the elderly.
On sale this fish is smoked, salted, chilled and frozen.
In addition, sea smelt contains vitamins A, D, B vitamins wonder smelt in the spring called "vitamin." Maybe that's why it does not smell of fish and fresh cucumber.
Recommendations to consumers smelt
Most populations of smelt, in particular in the Far East, is in a favorable condition and have no contraindications for use.
But the state of the Neva smelt, which are caught in large numbers in St. Petersburg, recently inspires some concern. In recent years, its amount is quite reduced, and the state of the spawning grounds in the lower reaches of the Neva River has deteriorated significantly.
Environmentalists point out that this fish Neve often caught near the collector sewer.