Lemon grass (lemon grass, lemongrass) - a fast-growing perennial plant, reaching a height of one and a half meters, the family-owned mjatlikovyh or cereal. Plants grow in China, India, America, Southern Europe and Africa.
In tropical climates plant can reach a height of 1, 8 meters in colder regions it grows no more than 1 meter. Sun-loving plant, but it can be nice to grow in places with mild shadow, afraid of the cold. It grows best in sandy soil, moisture-loving, so often it can be found on the marshland. Lemon grass has a strong root system, which rapidly depletes the soil. The leaves are narrow, long, light green color. On the site are not covered, rising beam. Grow plants in gardens, greenhouses, pots as an ornamental plant.
The plant has a citrus flavor and a light lemon flavor. This odor repels insects from him, especially mosquitoes. Thus, when applied to human skin lemon grass juice, it is a few hours guaranteed protection against mosquitoes.
There are two types of lemon grass - and the western Indian vostochnoindiyskaya.
Vostochnoindiysky plant species originates from eastern India and western Indian (or Malabar) herb originally from Sri Lanka, Burma, Thailand, Cambodia.
Both types of grass have similar properties, and the use of lemon grass is common in folk medicine and Ayurveda. But vostochnoindiyskaya grass longer used in cooking.
The composition of lemon grass
The main element of lemongrass is citral, which share accounted for 70-85% of the plant. The remaining 15-30% - is farnesol, geraniol, citronellol, myrcene with aldehydes and other elements. The plant contains a large amount of ascorbic acid and vitamin A, iron, calcium and phosphorus.
By steam distillation of lemon grass essential oil is obtained, which is widely used as a pesticide in the candles and lamps insect repellent. In addition, the oil also prevents the destruction of palm leaf, which has been successfully used for storage of ancient manuscripts written on palm leaves.
Properties and application of lemon grass
Lemon grass is a powerful antiseptic, has a pronounced anti-inflammatory and disinfectant properties, treats respiratory diseases, tones and refreshes, helps with muscle aches, dizziness, depression, weakness, nausea, stimulates metabolism, blood circulation, cures skin diseases, cellulite, acne, removes excess sweat and grease.
Application of lemon grass has on the anti-inflammatory, antifungal, tonic, antiseptic, sedative, astringent, deodorant, antioxidant, carminative, astringent, analgesic, healing effect.
In folk medicine, the properties of lemongrass are successfully used in the following cases:
- If muscle pain;
- As a dietary supplement for the activation of the metabolism and digestion;
- For lymphatic drainage;
- In order to improve blood circulation;
- If hypotension;
- With the weakness and dizziness;
- As an antidepressant for insomnia and stress;
- For the prevention of varicose veins;
- When sweating;
- At a cold, sinusitis, sinusitis and other respiratory diseases;
- If gastroenteritis and colitis;
- To remove toxins from the body, cleaning the kidneys, liver, intestines and pancreas;
- To reduce the heat in infectious diseases;
- For the treatment of head lice, acne and skin diseases;
- As an aphrodisiac;
- To improve lactation;
- As an anti-cancer agent;
- For lowering blood cholesterol.
In addition, the use of lemon grass helps to strengthen muscles, ligaments and connective tissue, increases the intensity of the exchange of blood in the tissue, increases stamina, strengthens the muscles and ligaments. Lemon grass is a great tool to exercise and helps to lose weight.
In cosmetology found the lemon grass used as a means to care for normal to oily skin. It perfectly removes excess fat, skin tone, brightens and reduces pores, strengthens skin elasticity, tightens it.
Use it at the feet of fungal diseases and their excessive sweating for a speedy healing of cuts, wounds and ulcers.
Essential oil of lemon grass is added to the composition of the base oils, and are used for medical, sports and general massage. It is used for hair care, as it reduces their fat content.
Widely used essential oils in aromatherapy. It has on the psycho-emotional, therapeutic effects: fatigue, tones and refreshes, improves memory, stimulates potency, eliminates the headache.
Lemon oil is not recommended for people with severe hypertension, increased excitability. In addition, lemon grass can cause mild sore throat, hoarseness short-term reduction of the vocal cords.
Although the plant is not toxic, but at too high concentrations may cause irritation to sensitive skin, redness and a burning sensation.