Useful properties of Jerusalem artichoke
Jerusalem artichoke - a widespread perennial tuberous plant of the family Asteraceae, also known as
"Artichoke", "sunflower tuber", "Volga turnip" and "Jerusalem artichoke". Jerusalem artichoke has an upright stem, and its inflorescence resembles a sunflower. The plant can reach a height of two meters.
Jerusalem artichoke is valued for its edible tubers, and is cultivated in many countries as a valuable food and fodder plant. Jerusalem artichoke tubers are formed on the roots and can be of various shapes and colors - from yellow to purple-violet. Tubers of plants and also very different in weight, which varies from 10-15 to 100-150, the roots To taste reminiscent of sweet cabbage or asparagus stalk.
Jerusalem artichoke iron content significantly exceeds vegetables such as carrots, turnips, potatoes and beets. Furthermore, in the tubers includes chromium, potassium, silicon, calcium, sodium, magnesium, fluoride and other minerals. The balance of its constituent minerals helps to improve blood parameters and enhance the functional activity of the endocrine, immune and nervous systems.
Jerusalem artichoke in the number of carbs exceeds sugar cane and sugar beet. Also, the beneficial properties of artichoke cause its constituent:
- Pectin (high-carbohydrate), astringent, and absorbent gelling properties. They help to reduce cholesterol levels in the body, improving metabolism and peripheral blood circulation and normalization of intestinal motility;
- Organic polyacids (lemon, raspberry, malic, succinic and fumaric acid), which in combination with Vitamin C helps enhance the antioxidant properties of Jerusalem artichoke;
- Proteins containing ten essential amino acids, namely valine, lysine, arginine, isoleucine, histidine, leucine, threonine, methionine, tryptophan, and phenylalanine. Protein compound artichoke tubers structurally similar proteins thymus (thymus) and are regulators of immune cells (in step maturation and functional activity);
- Vitamins - B1, B6, C, B2, PP.
The most valuable useful properties of artichoke causes its constituent inulin, which is a natural analogue of insulin. In diabetes benefit from greater Jerusalem artichoke, to use fresh roots in the fall as part of the storage of inulin, which is part of it, it is converted into fructose.
There is also a rare Root artichoke properties include the fact that the plant tubers do not accumulate heavy metals, radioactive elements and nitrates, which can provoke the development of cancer processes.
Jerusalem artichoke is low and amounts to 61 kcal, which allows it to carry products that promote weight loss.
In addition to low calorie artichoke has several other properties that beneficially affect many serious diseases associated with obesity, namely:
- Helps reduce blood pressure;
- Reduce and weaken angina;
- Reduce the risk of myocardial infarction and cerebral stroke;
- Reduce acute cholecystitis and pancreatitis.
The use of artichoke
Many nutritionists advise to replace the Jerusalem artichoke potatoes and appreciate the plant for its dietary and medicinal properties. There Jerusalem artichokes can be in any form (boiled, fried, stewed, salted and pickled). However, the most useful plant the tubers in raw form.
When diabetes is recommended to eat in ten minutes before meals for 2-3 artichoke tuber up to three times a day. Prolonged use of root crops plants helps reduce blood sugar levels, which is also the prevention of diabetes in people with a predisposition to the disease. In addition, the systematic use of artichoke improves vision.
When heartburn to reduce stomach acidity is recommended to take fresh juice of Jerusalem artichoke. Since the juice has a pronounced anti-inflammatory effect, it is also used:
- In the treatment of polyarthritis;
- For the normalization of the digestive system (with intestinal cramps and stomach pain);
- For the prevention of diseases of the cardiovascular system;
- In the treatment of constipation;
- As supportive therapy in the treatment of atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease, tachycardia and hypertension.
Many studies also point out the benefit of artichoke with urolithiasis, gout, deposition of salts and anemia. The broth from the tubers are used for reducing blood sugar and blood pressure, as well as to increase hemoglobin.
In addition, the use of artichoke is contained in the joint action of fiber and inulin, so the plant has a detoxifying and antioxidant properties. Tubers of Jerusalem artichoke neutralize the negative effects of the environment and contribute to the conclusion of toxins, heavy metals, radionuclides and excess cholesterol.
Jerusalem artichoke has long been used as an effective remedy against wrinkles. To do this, crushed grated tubers put on the face for 15-20 minutes. If such procedures are carried out twice a week, the tangible effect usually occurs within a month. It is also useful in slurry from artichoke to add flax or hemp oil.
Jerusalem artichoke has virtually no contraindications, except for individual intolerance and low calorie artichoke can be used in the diet. To tubers did not cause flatulence, it is recommended to use them after the heat treatment or in conjunction with spices, which prevent gassing (such as coriander and cumin).