Hazelnut or hazelnut fruit called Filbert or "Lombard nut," deciduous species
shrubs belonging to the genus of the family Birch Hazel.
Plants reach a height of 10 m, distributed mainly in the Balkans, in Italy, in the southern regions of Germany, Switzerland, France and North America. Fruits bushes have a characteristic yellow-brown color and a shape close to spherical. The length of the nut does not exceed 25 mm, a width of about 20 mm are.
It was once thought that hazelnut has magical properties and can save lives. This legend was born in ancient times, in times of crop failure, when he was the only food hazelnuts. It is used raw, roasted, or made from a nut paste or oil. Those villages that did not have significant stocks of hazelnut, were doomed to destruction. Residents of a village squirrels survive.
At present, widely used three varieties of hazelnuts: the Crimean, kerasund and Badem. Their difference lies in the appearance and thickness of the shell, while properties are no different.
Hazelnut is widely used in the confectionery industry, where he made from flour, nut butter, moreover, it is consumed fried in sugared or salted forms.
Nutritional value, composition and caloric hazelnuts
High caloric hazelnut due to its oily structure, since the nut more than 50% consists of oil (about 67 g per 100 g of product). The carbohydrate content is relatively low and does not exceed the figure of '10 Mass fraction of protein in the nut is about 16 grams, enough for herbal products. This property makes it an indispensable element filbert food for those who adhere to a vegetarian diet or fasting.
Hazelnuts Calorie equals 704 Kcal per 100 g of product. For this indicator, the nut is not only superior to most other products in this category, but also chocolate, bread and milk. Total 200 g hazelnuts, eaten during the day, are able to provide half of the daily calories.
Despite the apparent fat nut butter, its member, have very useful properties. Composition oils is: oleic, stearic, palmitic, and other acids.
In addition, the nut contains vitamins E, B and minerals: potassium, cobalt, iron, calcium, magnesium and others.
Useful properties of hazelnut
The content of polyunsaturated fatty acids is due to the use of hazelnuts in the treatment of diseases of the cardiovascular field. In addition, calcium and potassium in the composition contribute to improvement of the nut of smooth muscles of the heart are beneficial to the vessel walls while maintaining their elasticity. Good hazelnuts and anemia, varicose veins, thrombophlebitis, capillary diseases. In other words, the use of hazelnut with various violations in the functioning of the network of blood vessels is undeniable.
Filbert will cope with the task of cleansing the body, especially the liver. The ability of the nut to prevent the formation and spread of putrefaction in the body.
Experts say that the use of hazelnut invaluable in increasing the prostate and as immunostimulatory agents. In addition, patients with diabetes often recommended to include this product in the diet due to the low carbohydrate content in it.
These studies indicate that paclitaxel contained in hazelnut (anticancer agent) is effective as prevention of cancer.
and physicians who use the recipes of traditional medicine recommend eating hazelnuts nursing mothers to produce milk, the rest - for the prevention of gas formation in the intestine, eliminating kidney stones. Cocktail nuts pounded with water helps to cope with bronchopulmonary diseases, and with the addition of honey improves rheumatism and anemia. Nut oil is used for epilepsy and roundworm.
Hazardous properties hazelnuts
Harm hazelnuts in most cases linked to his excessive consumption. Fully contraindicated in children with chronic renal disease in the form, as well as severe forms of diabetes.
Subject to a daily rate of 30-50 grams hazelnut damage is minimized. However, repeated dosing is exceeded may cause headaches due to the occurrence of vasospasm in the frontal lobes of the brain.
In addition, the availability of useful properties of hazelnut can not be guaranteed with the purchase of walnut without shell. The hazelnut devoid shell occurs quite rapidly decay process nutrients and vitamins, which leads to loss of its useful properties.
Finally, it is important to know that the nut is recommended not to store more than six months, otherwise he also loses all the qualities for which it is appreciated. Hazelnuts not bring harm, however, and will cease to be useful.