Grenadier - deep-water fish of the family gadiformes.
It lives only in the North Pacific. Most often it can be found in the cold waters around Russia, namely, in the Sea of Okhotsk, on the shores of Kamchatka, not far from the Commander and Kuril Islands. The fish is often called the "giant grenadier" or "maloglazym Pallas" and in some countries it is known as the "giant grenadier."
Compared to other deep-sea fish, grenadier, and indeed quite large. Adults reach a length of 2 meters and weigh up to 30 kg. Maximum age of the fish registered officially, was 56 years, but scientists believe that fish can live longer.
Propagated grenadier using spawn, and reach sexual maturity at the age of five years. A feature of fish life is that males and females live separately from each other. Females usually inhabited by a depth of 300-700 meters and males deeper.
Spawning lasts the whole year, but the most active in the autumn and winter. Mature female grenadier contains up to 400 thousand eggs a diameter of 1 to 5 mm.
Young animals tend to keep close to the surface, at a depth of not more than 500 m. As they grow, the fish goes deeper into the water, falling to a depth of 3500 meters or more.
Fish has a serpentine body and a big head. The dorsal fin is long and consists of 5-7 rays, and caudal fin consists of 130 beams. The pectoral fins have little grenadier. On the lower jaw is a single row of teeth, and at the top - two. Scales from small fish, sometimes with a small amount of medium-sized spies. The body has a solid color, usually gray-brown. The lateral line is a darker shade and well distinguishable.
Grenadier - predatory fish and feeds primarily on other fish, cephalopods and clams. Sometimes, in the bodies of fish caught have found crabs, echinoderms, ctenophores and worms. This character of food suggests that not grenadier lures prey and hunt on their own.
Externally grenadier recalls ancient sea monsters that existed before our era. Often his daunting appearance with a large head, sharp teeth and bulging eyes pushes buyers who prefer to buy something more familiar to their eyes. And in vain, because the use of grenadier, one of the highest among marine fish. But with the right preparation can become a grenadier delicious gourmet meal.
The composition and caloric grenadier
The main benefit grenadier is a high content of macro- and microelements. The fish contains easily digestible protein, about 18 g per 100 g of the product as well as 0, 5 grams of fat. A ratio of amino acids in fish are so perfect that the fish is completely absorbed by the human body.
The grenadier contain useful minerals such as nickel, calcium, cobalt, iron, iodine, copper, zinc, manganese, lysine, methionine, tryptophan, fluoro, phosphorus, ascorbic acid, vitamin PP and vitamins of group B.
Caloric grenadier is 60 kcal per 100 g of product.
Excellent taste of the fish cooks well known all over the world, but the most common cooking grenadier among the residents of the northern coastal areas. The meat of the fish white with a pinkish tinge, watery structure, but not fiber. Fish is ideal for zasushki and heat treatment. Grenadier boiled, stewed, fried, prepared from a puree soup, jellied dishes.
Furthermore, the rate of digestion grenadier substantially less than beef because it contains less fibrous connective tissue. That is why, as well as another of the low calorie grenadier attributed to excellent dietary product. Baked fish we can safely eat for 1, 5 hours before active exercise. It will not add to your weight, any extra program, but will fill the body with all the necessary building components.
Useful properties grenadier
Main use grenadier is an ideal ratio of useful amino acids, so that a person receives all necessary materials, warning various violations in the activity of the body. Thus triptozan lysine and methionine in combination with a protein to form a perfect, which is fully absorbed by the gastro-intestinal tract.
Very useful for people that fish in the recovery period after surgery, and bone diseases, fractures.
It is desirable to include a grenadier in the diet and preventive nutrition, as phosphorus, found in fish, it is useful for the formation of bone in children and to maintain it in the elderly.
If you eat sea fish, in particular, grenadier, two or three times a week, your hair, skin, bones, nails and muscles will always be in perfect order.
Absolute contraindications to the use grenadier does not exist. However, caution should use it to nursing mothers, children and people who are prone to allergic reactions.