Ginger - tropical medicinal plant.
It grows in India, Ceylon, Central America and China. Ginger oil obtained from the rhizomes of the plant. For one kilogram of essential oil requires fifty kilograms of dried rhizomes of ginger. In Europe, this spice was imported from Asia.
Ginger for the first time began to grow in North India. Its rhizomes Phoenicians first used instead of money, and a little later began to sell them in countries of the Mediterranean as expensive and valuable spice. Rhizomes cost very expensive, but in spite of this, c Every year it becomes more popular.
Properties of medicinal plants studied Greek pharmacists and physicians Dioscorides. He described the ginger as a means of warming the body and improves metabolism. Dioscorides appointed ginger root in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
In the Middle Ages, Rome and Greece this spice came to England, and then in other European countries. Elizabeth I was very fond of ginger bread, which was considered a great delicacy.
In our country, about the amazing properties of ginger first learned in the days of Kievan Rus. In the old days especially popular ginger biscuits. The spice is added to liqueurs, cakes, Sbitnev, kvass.
And the inhabitants of Soviet Russia aroma and taste of this plant was unfamiliar, because after the revolution the import of spices on the old channel was not renewed. And so the ginger root in our stores appeared relatively recently.
The composition of ginger
Ginger contains all essential amino acids. His burning taste due to the presence in its composition gingerol - fenolopodobnogo substance. One hundred grams of ground roots are 9, 2 g protein, 6 g fat, 71 g carbohydrates, 6 grams of fiber and 116 mg of calcium, 12 mg iron, 184 mg of magnesium, 148 mg phosphorus, 32 mg of sodium, 4, 7 mg zinc, 1, 34 mg of potassium.
The root also contains 12 mg of ascorbic acid 0, 046 vitamin B1, 0, 19 mg of vitamin B2, 5, 2 mg niacin, 0, 015 mg of vitamin A.
It consists of the following active ingredients: cineole, felandrin, borneol, kamfin, citral essential oils.
Calorie ground ginger is 347 kcal per 100 grams, the root - 80 kcal.
Useful properties of ginger
The healing properties of ginger have been known for a long time. For example, residents of ancient Rome treated this exotic spice eye diseases. Residents of countries in West Africa have used ginger when hoarseness and sore throat. Residents of China was considered the root of this plant is an excellent natural stimulant and used it as a means of premature aging. The Japanese used the root as a cure for sickness, wounds, and hangover.
Many medical properties of ginger used in medicine at present. The health and medical purposes use fresh ginger, dried ginger, ginger powder, ginger oil, essential oil of ginger.
In medicine this plant is used in the form of tablets, powders, ointments, pastes, solutions and fees.
Benefits Ginger is based on its antibacterial, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, choleretic, carminative action. In addition, ginger cleanses the vessel walls of atherosclerotic plaques, and relieves spasms of various origins, stimulates blood circulation, cures boils and ulcers, increases female and male potency, support the tone of the heart muscle, has anthelmintic, anticoagulant, aromatic, slyunogonnoe and diaphoretic action.
An important benefit of ginger is that it enhances the healing properties of other plants in the joint use.
In addition, the use of ginger is its ability to reduce rheumatism, headaches, joint and muscle pain. Regular use of this plant eliminates the need for analgesics and other pain medications.
This spice is useful to use for acne, hair loss, dandruff.
Ginger is useful in toxemia during pregnancy. He takes great nausea, relieves weakness and dizziness. In addition, this plant treats frigidity and infertility, increases the tone of the uterus, relieves cramps in the menstrual period, and also helps maintain the visual appeal and youth.
The essential oil obtained from ginger root is used in aromatherapy and cosmetics.
The essential oil is used to make hot and cold baths, massages, wraps, dressing dry tea and wine, cooking aromamedalonov.
Many people use ginger for weight loss, which is quite reasonable, because it refers to the warming of products that stimulate blood circulation and metabolism.
For weight loss to be ginger brew as a tea and always drain before use, otherwise it will be a very busy part. In the evening, this tea is best not to drink because it has a tonic effect.
Ginger can be used not only in the days of weight loss, and regular, brewing it with black or green tea.
Ginger - contraindications
Ginger is contraindicated in gastric ulcer and esophagus, ulcerative colitis, duodenal ulcer.
The use of ginger is contraindicated in the sand and stones in the bladder and kidneys.
During pregnancy, ginger or products containing ginger, should be used with extreme caution.
It is impossible to use it at a high temperature at hypersensitivity ginger at various bleeding and ulceration in acute hepatitis and inflammatory and skin diseases.
Methods for storing ginger
Fresh ginger should be stored in the refrigerator for a week. The dried ginger root retains its properties for about four months.
Dried brown ginger should be kept in a cool dark place. It also can be frozen for long term storage.
Candied ginger in a form can be stored in the refrigerator for about 30 days.