The beneficial properties of garlic
Garlic belongs to the perennial herbaceous plants (genus - Onions, subfamily - Onion) and is one
the most popular vegetable crops cultivated in many countries as a condiment and a drug with antimicrobial action.
The stalk of garlic in a broadly round bright green leaves, reaches a height of 50-70 cm. The stem ends with spherical umbrella of pinkish-white flowers and air bulbs. The underground portion of garlic - onion, consisting of several cloves (cloves), covered with whitish scales.
Garlic has long been used as a medicine in many countries, it was grown Egyptians, Jews, Romans, Hindus, Greeks, Assyrians and Arabs. In ancient Egypt, garlic was among the products of daily consumption, and it must include in the diet of the workers, who were engaged in heavy physical labor. In the Middle Ages, tincture of garlic used in diseases of the lungs and during the plague.
Biologically active substances contained in garlic have anti-inflammatory, antifungal, antihelminthic, anti-viral and anti-malarial action.
The benefits of garlic cause its constituent:
- Vitamins, including leader takes ascorbic acid (30 mg per 100 g). In addition, garlic is contained beta-carotene and vitamin B (most - vitamin B6);
- Macronutrients, namely potassium, calcium and phosphorus (400, 200 and 150 mg per 100 g of garlic, respectively), as well as sodium and magnesium;
- Trace elements, including zinc, cobalt, iron, iodine, manganese, copper and selenium.
Caloric content garlic is 46 kcal.
The smell and taste of garlic essential oil is due to the content of allicin and volatile production. It allicin has a strong antimicrobial action and is a powerful antioxidant that protects cells from free radicals.
Due to its properties of garlic can be attributed to the natural antibiotic that is effective against salmonella, E. coli and Staphylococcus aureus, as well as against the influenza virus.
We prove the benefits of garlic for:
- Normalization of the intestinal flora, as well as suppression of putrefaction and fermentation in the gut;
- Reduce total cholesterol levels, which reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease and atherosclerosis;
- Strengthening the immune system and increase the body's resistance to colds and infectious, which is due to the increased activity of macrophages, phagocytes and T-lymphocyte;
- Increased motor and secretory funktsiizheludochno tract.
Also, many studies have proven the benefits of garlic in the prevention of atherosclerosis. Allicin, included in its composition affects erythrocytes and helps to activate blood within the vessels and reduce the voltage of the vessel walls, which leads to a reduction in stress on the heart and blood pressure.
In addition, in many countries conducted studies confirm the anticancer properties of garlic (cancer of the colon and rectum, and stomach) due to antioxidant effect of allicin.
The use of garlic
Garlic is mainly used as a condiment or an ingredient in many dishes. It is particularly widely used in the Mediterranean countries, as well as in South-East Asia, North Africa and the Middle East.
generally use a bulb of garlic. Kinks pre-peeled and used as fresh and added to various dishes, pickled and canned. Arrows garlic is used less frequently.
Garlic has long been in folk medicine was used in worm infestations (to expel pinworms and ascarids). To prepare 10 g peeled garlic is crushed in a blender or mortar and pour 1/2 cup of boiling water. After 15 minutes, strain and the infusion should be used for micro-enemas.
Furthermore, in folk medicine garlic is widely used for cooking:
- Oil-based ointments for the treatment of injuries, diseases of the musculoskeletal system, sprains, arthritis and muscle pain;
- Vinegar, used for cosmetic purposes to remove warts and corns;
- Candles with butter for the treatment of hemorrhoids and some gynecological diseases.
Garlic is a member of such drugs as Allohol and Velma used to treat:
- Acute infectious-inflammatory respiratory diseases, including rhinitis, sinusitis, tonsillitis, bronchitis, sinusitis and pneumonia;
- Chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, including atonic constipation, dysbiosis;
- Cardiopsychoneurosis of hypertensive type;
Contraindications of garlic
Despite the many beneficial properties, there are a number of contraindications to garlic. So, there should be used with caution in kidney disease, stomach or intestinal ulcers, gallstones and anemia.