Mushrooms - a group of organisms used in cooking, traditional and alternative medicine.
Separate multiple groups - edible mushrooms, edible mushrooms conditional, non-edible mushrooms and poisonous mushrooms.
Caloric content of mushrooms
Despite the common belief that mushrooms - nutritious food, they are not. Caloric content of mushrooms is very low, but after the heat treatment and during cooking they absorb heat like a sponge, and calorie mushrooms stewed or fried becomes high.
Due to its low calorie content, mushrooms, cooked properly, are good as a diet food.
The beneficial properties of mushrooms
Mushrooms contain a large amount of minerals and vitamins. Vitamin A is present in the form of carotene. In large quantities contains vitamins B1 and B2, PP and C. An interesting fact is that the mushrooms contain Vitamin D - Vitamin antirachitic, which is not in any green plant.
Mushrooms are rich in protein (which is a cross between plant and animal protein), which, however, is absorbed only 60% of chitin, contributing to poor digestibility of mushrooms. It is because of chitin, despite the low calorie mushrooms, they are heavy food. Therefore, this protein has a lower value than in eggs, meats and dairy products, but higher than in carrots.
In addition, mushrooms contain a lot of potassium, phosphorus and calcium, as well as enzymes that contribute to the breakdown of fat, glycogen and cellulose.
The food can not eat mushrooms raw, they certainly should be subjected to a heat treatment. However, unfortunately, warming to 100 degrees greatly reduces them therapeutic properties. Therefore, they have long been made to salt and dry.
Use in Traditional Medicine
The beneficial properties of mushrooms allow their use in traditional medicine in the form of drug therapy. The possibility of their use studied in oncology.
Moulds through the provision of these penicillin and streptomycin, engendered the era of antibiotics.
From edible mushrooms mushrooms gain valuable antibiotic - Laktaroviolin that stops the growth of a number of harmful bacteria.
From giant govorushek receive antimicrobial substance - Kliptobitsin, Mikomitsetinom similar to that used for the treatment of tuberculosis of the skin and bones.
From edible mushrooms poddubnikov Boletol receive antibiotics, which contributes to maturity of infectious diseases.
And these edible mushrooms as chanterelles, because they contain ergosterol, are leaders in antibiotic therapy. Hood chanterelle able to neutralize staphylococcal pathogen and substance hinomannoza fighting parasites in the human body.
Inocybe used for the treatment of eczema, psoriasis and lupus.
Mushrooms are a source of dung gray matter Antabuse, successfully used to treat alcoholism.
Mlechniki have anti-inflammatory effect.
Porii kokosovidnye and tinder relating to the category of Ganoderma in the East belong to traditional drugs and are used in oncology.
Edible mushrooms mushrooms in India are used to produce the drug Kampestrin who treat typhoid and paratyphoid.
Collybia and Greenfinches are material for fungal anticoagulants are effective in the treatment of atherosclerosis and blood clots.
For some time now began to be used in medicine and agarika Brazil, which have anti-cancer properties and inhibit various fungal flora.
Honey agaric meadow - a common edible mushroom - used in the fight against E. coli and other microbes. It also found substances that have a beneficial effect on the thyroid gland.
Shiitake mushrooms - known in Japan, antiviral and antifungal agent. Of these, medication is manufactured Lentinan.
Cordyceps mushrooms, maitake, Lin-ji are immunomodulators that suppress tumor activity.
Pileate mushrooms in traditional medicine primarily used as a medicine in the form of various extracts, tinctures and supplements.
Today Pharmacology fungi is not developed to a sufficient level. Pharmacology is not in a hurry to accept the fact that the beneficial properties of mushrooms are able to cure many diseases, and most commonly for the treatment of fungi used in folk medicine.
The use of mushrooms in folk medicine
It has long been used in folk medicine poisonous fly agaric mushrooms. At first sight it seems rather strange - the use of poisonous mushrooms for medicinal purposes. However, in practice, it has long been used in small doses for therapeutic purposes poisons. According to the research, in the poisonous mushroom muscaria contain poisons such as muskimol and mikoatropin and muskarufin antibiotic substance that is capable to suspend the growth of tumors.
Already proven fact is that a drug made from a poisonous mushroom fly agaric, it has a positive effect on vascular spasm, choreatic and status epilepticus, angina, atherosclerosis, and violations of the action of the spinal cord.
A well-known folk remedy is a tincture of the poisonous fly agaric mushroom, used for the treatment of skin diseases and rheumatism.
Estimates of the gray-yellow and brick red in folk medicine used as a laxative and emetic. Pepper agaric used to treat tuberculosis.
In Austria, Autumn estimates of location is used as a laxative, as it contained substances that enhance the activity of the digestive organs.
The broth of the fungus fungus is also widely used in folk medicine. It is believed that the systematic use, it has a stimulating effect on the body, improves the general condition, the stomach heals gastritis and other gastrointestinal diseases.
The nation wide popular kombucha - a representative of the symbiotic association of yeasts. It is grown at home and drank the infusion of it before eating. Infusion of it has tonic, tonic and sedative effect.
Warnings and Contraindications
Before you begin treatment mushrooms, it is strongly recommended to consult a doctor.
Any intake of edible or poisonous mushrooms for medicinal purposes with great care should be made for pregnant women and nursing mothers.
People taking anticoagulants daily, including and aspirin is contraindicated supplementation with Reishi, as it contains substances, blood thinning. Also Reishi supplementation should be discontinued 2 weeks prior to surgery, including dental. Contraindications welcome this fungus people with poor blood clotting or a history of hypoglycemia, hypotension, active gastrointestinal bleeding, stomach ulcers, or hemophilia.
Precautions should begin treatment mushroom people taking antivirals, antibiotics, immunosuppressants, drugs for diabetes, analgesics, amphetamines, drugs that lower blood pressure medications that reduce blood sugar levels.