Cilantro or coriander sowing - an annual aromatic plants Umbelliferae with fusiform roots. The plant blooms in June and July, giving the fruit in July and August, in the more northern regions - in September.
Useful properties of cilantro known to people already, at least about 5 thousand years. The ancient Egyptians used coriander in cooking and in medicine, coriander leaves put into the tombs of the pharaohs, believing that a spice makes man immortal. In East Asia, the seeds of coriander prepared a love potion: he was prescribed exciting properties.
The first mention of cilantro or coriander in Russia is found in the literature in 1784, in the writings of agronomist AT Bolotov. Gradually cilantro was introduced to the culture of mass planting in Russia in 1830, Count Apraksin vyvezshy seeds "Kolyandr" from Spain, has distributed to the peasants of the Voronezh province for landing.
Today, coriander is widely cultivated in the North Caucasus in the European part of Russia, Ukraine and CIS countries.
Useful properties of cilantro
Gastronomic and medicinal properties of coriander are impressive: spices contained in vitamin C, B1, B2, P, essential oils, carotene, tannins provide wound healing, choleretic, protivogemorroynyh, expectorant, anthelmintic, laxative effect cilantro.
Fresh cilantro is useful as a tonic, applying for diseases of gall bladder, gastrointestinal tract, cardiovascular system. It is proved that the regular use of coriander can contribute to the healing of gastritis, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer. The dish is seasoned with a few sprigs of cilantro, it serves as a natural means, cleansing the intestines from harmful bacteria.
Coriander helps to improve appetite and digestion, improving the digestion of heavy foods, it is a means, reducing blood pressure and normalize sleep.
In addition, coriander is a valuable antiscorbutic and waste cilantro used as feedstuff for poultry, pigs and rabbits.
Use of cilantro
From the fruit of coriander prepared essential oils used in cosmetics and perfumes in order to make the products smell lily, bergamot, lilies, violets, roses and many other plants. After distillation of the essential oil is extracted in a fatty oil, which is then used in soap making and production of oleic acid - a substance used in the manufacture of paints. In addition, the essential oil of coriander is a raw material for the preparation of aldehyde citral - a drug used in the treatment of keratitis, conjunctivitis, glaucoma, as well as the elimination of cracks on the nipples of nursing mothers.
Use in cooking
Young green coriander in the beginning phases of bolting and sockets widely used as a seasoning for meat dishes, soups and salads. Coriander seeds also have been applied: they are used as a spice, flavor and vitaminizing sausages, pickles, cheese, meat and fish preserves, liqueurs, beer, confectionery products. Hood coriander essential oils used in cooking recipes gins and other spirits.
Calorie cilantro in ground form - 216 4 kilocalories. The nutritional value:
- Proteins - 3 g;
- Fat - 0 g;
- Carbohydrates - 54, 5 g
Despite the many useful properties of coriander, seasoning abuse is not: the excessive use of coriander can cause disorders of the menstrual cycle in women, sleep, weakening of potency and memory.
For a time it is recommended to take in food is not more than 35 grams and 4 grams of green coriander seeds.
Abandon add cilantro as a seasoning for dishes is for people suffering from gastritis with high acidity, coronary artery disease, thrombophlebitis, hypertension, thrombosis, diabetes, and patients with myocardial infarction.