Carp is farmed fish. And this achievement belongs to the Chinese. At first, the fish was popular
mainly in Asia, but eventually came to Europe, where carp were engaged in cooking in many Catholic monasteries and noble palaces. In the Czech Republic, among other things, the carp is a traditional dish for Christmas.
Carp - is more domesticated kind of carp, a member of the carp family. So called this fish is not accidental. "Carp" is translated from Greek means "harvest." The fish gets its name for the incredible fecundity and rapid growth: a large female can sweep almost 1, 5 million eggs.
China is the homeland of fish. According to sources, you can find out what food it was used in the year 1000 BC, it was considered a favorite dish of many Chinese emperors.
Somewhat later, the carp has become popular in other Asian countries, and then went to Europe. In Europe, the fish perceived in two ways - both as food and as an ornamental. In England and the Czech Republic were created artificial ponds for fish farming, and on the table Ostrogothic King Theodoric the carp was a regular feature. In the US, the first mention of carp found in 1877, during a severe economic depression, when the country experienced a strong decline of industry and production, which, of course, had to compensate by imports from abroad inexpensive products.
Carp prefers to live in stagnant, calm or quiet flowing waters with hard clay bottom. Often it can be found in reservoirs, lakes and rivers. Distributed by it and in some reservoirs of Central Asia and Siberia. In Ukraine, he lives in almost all rivers, only very small quantities.
Externally similar to the young carp carp, only longer and thicker body. His lips were active and massive, and along wide stretches across the back fin. At colored carp is very beautiful color. Light golden scales around fin becomes bluish tint and light golden underneath. The tail of a fish-rich red color, and the fins are a dark purple color.
Currently, there are several kinds of carp. For example, genetically bred breed "mirror carp" is known for the fact that almost no scales. And ramchatogo carp scales can be seen only on the back and belly. Japanese in their time brought an interesting breed of "koi", whose members differ interesting color, iridescent white, orange and gold and black colors.
There are many recipes for carp. The most common way to cook it is to bake in foil, pre-stuffed his vegetables or mushrooms, sour cream lubricated. More than a simple recipe for cooking carp is its frying in a large amount of vegetable oil on a cast iron skillet. In general, meat from these fish tasty, has a delicate and slightly sweet flavor. It is also possible to boil carp, and not only in water, and for example, in beer and spices. Very tasty soups obtained from carp.
The composition and caloric content of carp
100 grams of meat containing 76 carp, 31 g of water, 5, 6 grams of fat, 17, 83 g protein. Present in this fish a lot of vitamins:
vitamin A, vitamin B, PP, K, E, C; macro elements: magnesium, potassium, phosphorus, calcium, sodium; trace elements: selenium, zinc, manganese, iron, copper.
Calorie carp is quite low, making it a meat useful for people who want to reduce body weight. 100 g calorie carp is about 127 kcal.
Useful properties of carp
Thanks to the rich content of vitamins (A, B, PP, C, E), macro- and micronutrients, antioxidants, carp is useful for people having problems with the brain or spinal cord. Regular use of it in food is beneficial to the health of the skin and mucous membranes, normalizes the nervous and digestive system, normalizes blood sugar levels. Useful carp meat as in diseases of the thyroid gland.
In general, the carp does not have any contraindications. The only thing you should pay attention that the fish is quite unpretentious in food. It feeds on mollusks, insect larvae, worms, which often leads to the fact that along with useful substances accumulate in fish and bad, could lead to a deterioration of the human being.
It is necessary to take into account the fact that in the feed of fish grown in artificial conditions, are often added accelerators growth, antibiotics and various dyes.