Grade Cabbage is one of the species familiar to all kale.
The next "sister" red cabbage - cabbage.
Cabbage revered since ancient times. Pythagoras himself was a great lover of this vegetable, considering that it invigorates and gives both peace of mind. On the same time, the properties of red cabbage used for medical purposes. In Russia, this variety of cabbage came from the countries of the Mediterranean region transiting through Western Europe. Some sources indicate that this occurred approximately in the 17th century, the other - at the intersection of 19th and 20th centuries. But today it is not so important. The main thing is that the cabbage in the shortest possible time has gained popularity among the people and take its rightful place in the gardens.
Red cabbage: description
Red cabbage has a dense rounded or oval (rarely - conical) head weighing from 1 to 3 kg, a massive branched root and a very short stalk. The seeds begin to form in the second year of life. It is a biennial plant, and in the first year formed a head, and the second - the seeds and floral stem. Grade Cabbage different from cabbage of late, longer preservation of the presentation, the smaller size of head and rosette of leaves and purple-red color of the latter. The best temperature range for maturing cabbage - 15-18 ° C.
Red cabbage: Composition
As part of the red cabbage are the following substances:
- lactic acid
- volatile and anthocyanins;
- macro- and microelements (potassium, magnesium, calcium, phosphorus, iron, zinc, selenium);
- vitamins (ascorbic acid, thiamine, riboflavin, pantothenic acid, pyridoxine, folic acid, nicotinic acid, biotin, vitamin A precursor - carotene).
Useful properties of red cabbage
The benefits of red cabbage is determined by its composition. This is a very useful and dietary product. First of all, it should be noted that the two main structural components - water (90%) and fiber.
The presence of red cabbage fiber and lactic acid provide its positive effect on the intestinal microflora. In addition, the fiber allows the body to "reset" the excess cholesterol.
The benefits of red cabbage for thyroid, kidney and blood formation process is predetermined by the presence of protein. Is there protein in vegetables? - You ask. Do not just eat: red cabbage in this regard the leader among other vegetables: so much protein you will not find in beets or carrots or other vegetables.
Because most vitamins in red cabbage ascorbic acid (vitamin C) is stored in the vegetable for a long time during storage. Niacin (PP vitamin) promotes normal growth and development of tissues involved in the formation energy of sugar and fat. Folic acid helps blood formation.
Rich red cabbage and macro- and microelements. Of course, all the minerals in his important, but especially would like to mention selenium, especially because its content is higher than in other vegetables. In selenium has an important role in maintaining the immune system, because it is a part of enzymes, activating function of the thyroid gland. Selenium is a prominent participant in metabolic processes, performs "assenizatorskaya" function, cleaning the body of heavy metals and toxins, and helps in delivering oxygen to the cells. Zinc is beneficial to the brain.
Volatile and anthocyanins increase the firmness and elasticity of capillaries, to optimize their permeability, protect the body from radiation and prevent leukemia and tuberculosis.
The use of red cabbage in folk medicine
Tangible benefits red cabbage bring high blood pressure: the enrichment of a vegetable diet that helps lower blood pressure. Good such parts cabbage and prevention of vascular diseases. Due to its wound-healing properties, red cabbage is shown with frequent bleeding and increased capillary fragility.
This vegetable is recommended to be used before the planned feast (it may temper the effects of alcohol).
If the red cabbage juice add sugar or, optimally, honey, you get a wonderful remedy for cough and hoarseness.
Another characteristic property of red cabbage - a diuretic, which can also be "put at the service of" persons suffering from cardiovascular diseases, as It helps to slow down the development of atherosclerotic vascular changes.
Perhaps many will be interested (in particular - women), red cabbage that is a mandatory attribute different diet programs for weight loss. Because of the large amount of fiber and water, this product has a low caloric value, which for obvious reasons is encouraged in the diet of overweight individuals. The other "female" secret red cabbage - stimulation of growth of the breast. Frankly, the science is not confirmed, but the people there is a belief.
How should I use this useful vegetable? There may be omnivorous: suit and steamed and stewed and raw look. If cabbage is subjected to heat treatment, it is not recommended to cook it over an hour, in order to preserve the useful properties. Broth remaining after the "culinary delights" is well suited as a base for soup or as a standalone drink.
In short, the "character" of our today's article - a plant from all sides remarkable.
If you compare the benefits of red cabbage with cabbage, the advantage will be far from the last. And if you're standing in a greengrocer's shop, wondering what to choose variety: red cabbage or cabbage, safely opt for the first.