Useful properties of blueberries
Blueberries - Forest low shrub with creeping rhizome and leathery, deciduous leaves in the winter. Also
This plant is called Chernega, bilberry, Chernitsa or chernishnik. Growing blueberries is traditionally light deciduous and coniferous forests and peat bogs in the northern and temperate regions of Asia, Europe and North America, but cultivated plants is difficult.
Blossoms in May, blueberries greenish-white flowers and bluish-black berries ripening in mid-summer, not only edible, but also have many useful properties. They are often used in traditional and folk medicine, and it is believed that the blueberry is an excellent prevention of many diseases.
Useful properties of blueberries cause its member:
- Vitamins - PP, B9, B4, beta-carotene, thiamin, riboflavin, pantothenic acid, pyridoxine, tocopherol, phylloquinone, ascorbic acid;
- Macronutrients - potassium (77 mg per 100 g of berries), phosphorus, potassium, magnesium and sodium;
- Trace elements - zinc, manganese, copper, iron, selenium.
Calorie Blueberry low and is 57 kcal per 100 grams of fruit.
In traditional medicine using not only the berries, leaves and plants which are useful in the initial forms of diabetes. This is due to their member neomirtillinom glycoside, which has the property to lower blood sugar.
The leaves for medicinal purposes should be harvested during the flowering and fruit - in July and August (the period of full maturity).
It is also proven to be beneficial in the treatment of blueberries:
- Eye diseases (eg, retinal detachment) and to improve the twilight vision;
- Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
Thanks anthocyanin dye contained in dark blue berries in significant quantities, blueberries has a beneficial effect on many systems of the body and reduces the risk of various diseases of the circulatory system and heart.
Local blueberries used in the treatment of stomatitis, burns, ulcers and gingivitis.
In addition, the scientifically proven benefits of blueberries to slow the aging process and eliminate toxins because of forming part of berries anthocyanins protoantotsianidam, flavonoids and tannins, acts as an antioxidant. These properties, along with low calorie blueberry berry allow the use in the various diets.
The use of blueberries
Blueberries are eaten raw, and are often used for making jellies, liqueurs, cakes and jams. Fresh berries are particularly useful in beriberi, and in the treatment of scurvy.
In the treatment of ENT diseases it is recommended to use an infusion of blueberries (1-2 teaspoons of berries 200 ml of boiling water) or to drink tea from the leaves of the plant.
The benefits of blueberries in the treatment of indigestion and diarrhea are traditionally used in folk medicine. To prepare two teaspoons of berries pour a glass of boiling water and insist at least three hours in a warm place. Take the infusion should be up to four times a day before meals for half a glass. This same infusion taken as supportive therapy in the treatment of catarrhal tonsillitis, pneumonia and pulmonary tuberculosis.
application in the treatment of weeping eczema, burns and many other skin diseases blueberries recommended to cook, and then used as lotions and compresses. The therapeutic effect is due to members of the sweet smells of berries, has a pronounced antimicrobial action.
Also for the treatment of wounds using the infusion of the leaves of blueberries, which one teaspoon of blueberry leaves, pre-shredded, brew one cup of boiling water. Half an hour later received infusion can be treated the wound or burn surface.
For the treatment of conjunctivitis blueberries should be used with eyebright, fennel, chamomile and sea buckthorn.
In addition, herbal teas and infusions of blueberries can drink in gout, rheumatism and other diseases associated with metabolic disorders, and the treatment of urogenital diseases they can be used for enemas and douching.
Thanks to the rich vitamin and low calorie stock blueberries are recommended as part of diet.
Despite a number of useful properties, blueberries should not be there at oksalaturii (varieties of urolithiasis). At disturbances in the biliary tract and the background of diseases of the pancreas it is recommended to eat dried blueberries in limited quantities.
Hypersensitivity of the berries is very rare and is manifested as allergic reactions.
It should also be borne in mind that large quantities of blueberries can lead to constipation.