Basil - aromatic plants, which came to us from the east. It has more than 60 varieties, but most often refers to the Ocimumbasilicum - basil, which is known to us primarily as a flavoring in cooking. In addition, the plant has healing properties and is widely used in medicine, perfumes and cosmetics.
A bit of history
Alleged birthplace of basil - Africa and South Asia. In India, this plant is considered sacred along with lotus. In Egypt, the basil was used in mummification of the Pharaohs, he also attributed magical properties. Basil was brought to Europe in the XII century and first used mainly as an ornamental and medicinal plant.
Basil was considered a talisman of family well-being, and to have a home with a pot of this plant are required. And only in the XVIII century, it was used as a spice in cooking. So what is useful basil?
Medicinal properties of basil:
- Protection at the cellular level;
- The source of vitamins and minerals;
- Stimulation of appetite.
Basil leaves contain significant amounts of essential oils, which structure is unique. Specific substances - flavonoids - protect body cells from radiation and negative external influences.
The antibacterial effect of the plant is due to the presence of specific components in essential oils (estragole, Eugenol, limonene, linalool), which are able to inhibit the growth of microorganisms such as Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The use of basil as a seasoning in a dry or fresh form is the prevention of intestinal infections.
Anti-inflammatory effect due to the presence of substance - eugenol that blocks a specific enzyme involved in inflammation reaction. Action eugenol similar to drugs such as aspirin, paracetamol. Therefore, basil is useful for people with existing chronic inflammatory - rheumatoid arthritis, chronic colitis, etc..
The source of vitamins and minerals:
Basil leaves contain a variety of vitamins and minerals. For example, basil is a source of vitamins B
, C, P, K, the precursor of vitamin A (carotene). Magnesium, iron, potassium, calcium - as are contained in the medicinal plant. This rich composition promotes multilateral effects on the human body - strengthens blood vessels, improves blood flow to the heart muscle, reduces the risk of arrhythmias, reduces cholesterol, improves the growth of hair and nails.
The use of basil is justified for kidney disease because it has a mild diuretic effect. Also, some components of essential oils help to cope with urolithiasis.
Basil has a beneficial effect on the gastrointestinal tract, improves appetite, has antiemetic properties, reduces flatulence (gas formation), it helps with digestive disorders.
The use of basil in medicine
The use of basil in medicine truly multifaceted. Since Basil has an antibacterial and antiinflammatory action, it broth widely used in the treatment of diseases of the oral cavity and respiratory tract. Rinse mountain basil broth is useful for acute respiratory infections, tonsillitis, stomatitis. It is also useful to take a decoction of chronic smokers. Inhalation basil useful in bronchitis.
The basil is useful for the digestive system? It not only stimulates the appetite and the production of digestive juices, but also help with the nausea. For the treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract is used decoctions of the basilica, in the water, you can add basil oil.
Pregnant women can be advised oil of basil from nausea during the first half of pregnancy toxemia, but it should be borne in mind that a uterine tonic basil is contraindicated.
A decoction of basil will help women to stimulate lactation, restore the menstrual cycle.
Tea with basil is very good for relieving stress, stimulation of appetite, and to treat depression.
Basil essential oil can be added to the bath to treat skin diseases, as well as to stimulate immunity and relieving headaches.