Bamboo - the viability of tropical evergreen plant of the family Gramineae, which is considered the birthplace of East Asia.
Bamboo different knotty golden straw stems with numerous leaves at the top. Typically, it reaches a height of 25 to 40 meters and is the highest among all the grass of this family (wheat, maize and rye). Thus bamboo differs very high growth rate and some of its species grow from 40 to 100 cm per day.
Within three years, the young trunk stiffens. Bamboo stem is widely used for construction and as a finishing material of a musical instrument is manufactured and used for the production of paper.
Bamboo is distinguished by the amazing properties - he is not afraid of no water, no sun, no temperature extremes. In the East, it is considered a symbol of indomitable strength and energy, as its sprouts easily penetrate even the stone. Buddhists refer to it as a sacred plant, embodying longevity, spiritual truth, constancy, grace, long-term friendship and flourishing old age.
The composition of the bamboo
Bamboo in its composition contains 90% water. It is rich in proteins - an average of from 1 to 49 4, 04 g per 100 g fresh shoots. In addition, it consists of eight basic essential amino acids.
100 g bamboo shoots contain:
- 90, 86 g of water;
- 2, 65 g protein;
- 0, 49 g of fat;
- 0, 58 grams of fiber;
- 0, 88 g of ashes.
Bamboo is rich in vitamin composition. Its sprouts contain vitamins A, B6, E, thiamin, niacin, riboflavin, folic and pantothenic acid. Also, they are rich in minerals, including calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, manganese, sodium, zinc, copper, selenium and iron.
Caloric bamboo is 20 kcal per 100 g of shoots.
Useful properties of bamboo
Young bamboo shoots are not only tasty, but also rich in nutrients. They are among the five most popular useful products in the world.
The basic properties of bamboo were recorded in the ancient text pharmaceutical Ming Dynasty (1368-1644 years): "He cool, sweet, non-toxic, quenches thirst, improves blood circulation, adds energy and Qi can be used on a daily basis."
In Asian countries, anti-inflammatory and restorative properties of bamboo due to the presence of a strong antiseptic in its fibers are often used for colds and colds as well as allergies and asthma.
Bamboo is also directed to a few plants, features a large number of silicic acid, which is:
- Strengthens hair and nails;
- Beneficial effect on the skin;
- It has a calming effect in depressive states.
Bamboo is effective in peptic ulcer disease, digestive problems and diarrhea. In Asian countries, it is also used in the treatment of diseases such as jaundice, tuberculosis, fever and dysentery.
Bamboo extract strengthens the walls of blood vessels, improves blood circulation, reduces the permeability of capillaries and improves its elasticity and tone.
For therapeutic purposes, is used not only bamboo shoots, and other parts of this amazing plant:
- The roots of the bamboo used as a general tonic;
- Has antipyretic and expectorant properties of bamboo leaves are considered a good cough medicine;
- Bamboo juice is used as a remedy for apoplexy and epilepsy.
Use bamboo shoots Health
Bamboo shoots are more likely to exotic foods because they are most widely used in Asian countries. However, the beneficial properties of bamboo gradually find their fans, and in the Western countries.
Bamboo contributes to gradual weight loss. Due to the balanced food supply is considered an ideal food for those who want to lose weight without feeling a constant feeling of hunger. Dietary fiber entering in large quantity into the bamboo, and are necessary for the digestion improving perilstatiki intestine. In order to lose weight quickly are encouraged to eat the young shoots for dinner. Low calorie bamboo and low carbohydrate content allow its use in the various plant-based diet.
Vitamins, minerals and antioxidants that make up the bamboo shoots, enhance immunity.
According to many studies conducted in India and Asian countries, bamboo proven benefits for the prevention of heart disease because it helps dissolve cholesterol. Due to low content of fat and low calorie bamboo also has good effects on bowel function.
Many studies confirmed anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties of bamboo, which allows its use topically for treatment of wounds and ulcers.
The use of bamboo
Broth from bamboo shoots used in Asian countries for the treatment of respiratory diseases. As a rule, the resulting broth shoots should be boiled twice, first five, then 10 minutes. The resulting broth can be taken with honey.
Traditional Chinese medicine believes that bamboo shoots have a rare property - stimulates the muscles of the uterus. Also, bamboo leaves used for upset stomach and as an anthelmintic.
Bamboo shoots are used in cooking for the preparation of various dishes. Typically, they are pre-cooked and then eaten with butter and soy sauce. They can also be added to soups, sauces, pickles and salads.
Fresh bamboo shoots are stored up to two weeks in a cool place and away from sunlight. Improper storage may result in a bitter taste. To preserve the beneficial properties longer bamboo, it is usually conserved.
Japan also eat bamboo seeds, which vaguely resemble oats.
Contraindications and harm bamboo
There are no contraindications to the use of bamboo for food is not fixed. However, cooking with bamboo shoots should be aware that the young shoots contain poisonous cyanogenic glycosides, which, however, is rapidly degraded in the process of cooking.