Asp - predatory food fish of the carp family. Fish also
It is known as sheresper, krasnoguby chub, Aral asp. This predator lives only in the rivers large and medium-sized members of the basins of the Azov, Black, Caspian and Baltic Seas.
The average length of the asp is about fifty centimeters, and the average weight - about three kilograms. Although sometimes there are instances and 12-15 kg. There are many types of asp - Flathead, Near Eastern, Ural and others. From other fish asp differs elongated body having a spindle shape and a fairly large jaws, with slightly projecting upward jaw.
This predator characteristic silvery coloring c white belly and a bluish-gray back. The tail and dorsal fins - gray with a black border, and the side and bottom fins are subtle reddish hue.
By their nature, asp considered sedentary fish, it does not make large migrations. However, during the year the fish habitat change. In winter, it is not fed and lives in deep holes, in the spring, after spawning, resting for about a month at an average depth with moderate current. In summer, it prefers to live in shallow rapids and shoals.
Asp extremely cautious and sensitive. Of all the fish predators most cautious and shy, but at the same time quite active and aggressive. He only hunts during the day and fed several times a day. Close asp often lead solitary lives. In summer, this predator can gather in large flocks and attack fry bream and roach. He suddenly burst out of hiding and stuns its prey strikes a very powerful tail. Fish also eat a variety of insects, crayfish and frogs.
Puberty he begins about four or five years.
Fish is valued quite high due to the rapid growth and excellent taste of its meat.
The composition and caloric content of asp
Chemical composition of the flesh of the fish is largely dependent on the environment of its dwelling. One hundred grams of pulp contained 19 g of protein, 2, 60 Fat, 100 mg sodium, 265 mg potassium, 30 mg calcium, 35 mg magnesium, 220 mg of phosphorus, 0, 60 mg of iron.
100 g of product containing 0, 02 mg of vitamin A, 0, 02 mg of vitamin B1, 0, 06 mg of vitamin B2, 1mg of vitamin E, 1 mg of ascorbic acid.
Calorie asp is relatively small - about 99 kcal per 100 grams of pulp.
Useful properties asp
A relatively small calorie asp and allow plenty of vitamins include meat of this fish in the diet menu.
The flesh of this fish is very useful and surprisingly tasty. It contains significant amounts of ascorbic acid (vitamin C). A vitamin C is known, it is one of the most potent natural antioxidants. In addition, it has an effect on blood clotting and capillary permeability, involved in the synthesis of hormones, and also has an antibacterial and antiinflammatory action. Ascorbic acid reduces allergic reactions and increases the overall resistance of the organism. Because of this vitamin toxic components are derived from the human body more efficient and faster, and nutrients are better absorbed.
Vitamin A regulates metabolism, improves eyesight and skin condition.
Nicotinic acid (vitamin PP) is involved in redox processes, improves blood flow in small vessels, removes harmful toxins from the body and is involved in the synthesis of hormones.
(Thiamine) accelerates the healing of wounds, cuts, and burns. It is essential for strong emotional stress, shortness of breath, tachycardia, atonic constipation.
Phosphorus and calcium contained in the pulp asp, play an important role in the formation of the skeleton. Sodium prevents the nerve stress, normalizes muscle activity. Potassium is necessary for normal functioning of the cardiovascular system.
Ways to use asp
Cooks the fish is fried, stewed, baked, salted, smoked, and is made from the pulp of minced fish. Especially delicious ear of the asp, cooked over the fire in a pot.
Excessive bony - the only drawback of this predator meat. Get rid of the sharp and small stones can be achieved by smoking or drying of fish. Asp in salt form has excellent taste, and under the influence of salt bones become soft and almost not felt during the meal. Balik made from asp, in taste is no different from sturgeon salmon.
Trade and nutritional value has caviar asp. It has an excellent gentle taste, a beautiful amber color, and contains many of the components for the human body. Caviar fish can be consumed in the fresh form.