Apples - an apple-tree fruits, which are recommended to be eaten both fresh and as part of beverages and food products.
to the family Rosaceae. These trees do not require special care, but with sufficient attention from the gardener are able to give a rich harvest in the shade and in the sun. The only place where the apple does not feel comfortable, it's lowlands and valleys, as there is high probability that a late frost will damage the tree flowers.
According to some scientists, the birthplace of the apple tree - Central Asia, but other researchers are convinced that the first sweet apples appeared on the border between China and Kazakhstan. Distribute the seeds of this plant bears, choosing the most sweet and large fruit. After the cultivation of apple and became engaged in the western region of the planet. In the Bronze Age apples spread on the territory of some of the Persian Gulf, and the Roman legions were shipped to Europe.
A huge number of different varieties of this tree allows everyone to find a piece of fruit to taste and beneficial properties of apples - the reason that they are present in the diet of every person who cares about their health.
In our country, more than any other esteemed varieties Melba, Antonovka, Semerenko, rennet and others.
Nutritional value, composition and caloric content of apples
The predominant carbohydrates composed of apples - about 13, 81 g per 100 g of product. Of these two, 2g constitute dietary fiber. Proteins as fats contained very little - 0, and 0 26 g, 17 g, respectively.
However, apples are valued primarily a storehouse of vitamins contained in them. Most of these fruits contain potassium (107 mg), phosphorous (11 mg), calcium (6 mg) and magnesium (5 mg). Ascorbic acid or vitamin C per 100 g of apples is about 4 to 6 mg. Among other vitamins that are part of the fruit, the following: vitamins B (B2, B1, B5, B3, B9, B6), tocopherol or vitamin E and vitamin K. also contains trace elements including, besides the above, iron sodium, zinc and copper.
Calorie content of apples is less than 52 kcal, which is the reason for including this product in a variety of diets.
The beneficial properties of apples
The content of apples of different acids (malic, tartaric, citric), a beneficial effect on the intestines, stopping him in the processes of decay and fermentation. Less disturbing signs of becoming and of these phenomena: flatulence and bloating. In addition, apples are often prescribed as a means of contributing to natural purification and recovery of the intestine. Experts say the benefit of apples for constipation, because these fruits are absolutely safe and natural laxative. As a laxative sour apples consumed in the amount of 1-2 pieces, taking them on an empty stomach. Along with this is seen that the addition of apples in diet reduces the growth of cancer cells in the liver and intestine.
Useful apples and colds. Vitamin C, included in their composition, effectively increases the immune system and protect against viruses. However, the value of ascorbic acid is not the only problem. Eating foods rich in vitamin C, strengthens the walls of blood vessels, reducing their permeability for toxic substances and relieves swelling and helps to quickly recover from a debilitating illness.
According to nutritionists, the use of apples depends on when they were ripped off. It is logical that the most useful fruit - plucked, because concentration of vitamins and minerals in their maximum. In addition, for medicinal purposes is recommended to use with sour apples - they more than others varieties are rich in essential vitamins.
apples volatile production - natural antibiotics - making them useful not only to the common cold, but also in other viral and bacterial diseases, such as apples inhibit the activity of Staphylococcus aureus and dysentery bacillus.
The combination of tannins and contained large amounts of potassium in apples is a perfect preventive agent for kidney stones and gout. This complex of nutrients prevents the formation of sediment of uric acid salts.
Soft choleretic effect of apples is effective in the prevention of diseases of the gallbladder. Fresh juice from the fruit received half an hour before meals, helps to prevent the emergence and development of gallstone disease.
Low sugar content in some varieties of apples and low calorie fruit allow you to assign patients with diabetes and to include in the diet.
One of the known beneficial properties of apples - the ability to influence the level of blood cholesterol. Regular consumption of these juicy fruits lowers cholesterol by 30%.
Curious effect of apples on the teeth. Researchers found that those who ate an apple in the morning, cleaner teeth and healthier than those who do not. It is also recommended to complete each meal, eating on a small apple, then a feeling of freshness will accompany you throughout the whole day.
Although the content of hydrocyanic acid, which refers to a poisonous substance, bone apples in small amounts (not more than 4 pieces) are useful as a preventive agent for cancer.
Finally, the known benefits of apples at low pressure and hardening of blood vessels, as fruits help cleanse the blood.