Ayran - a fermented milk drink quenches thirst and get rid of hangover.
Ayran - a fermented milk product, which is obtained by mixed fermentation of goat, cow and sheep milk with the addition of yeast. Originally this wonderful drink of Kabardino-Balkaria and Cherkessia. It is widely used in the national cuisine of the Central Asian and Caucasian peoples.
Different countries have different preparation ayran. For sedentary people prefer to prepare a liquid drink that quenches thirst. But the nomadic people prefer Ira thick, cream-like consistency, so it is well exposed to transportation. Thick ayran before use, usually diluted with water, milk or mare's milk.
Drink known since 5-2 centuries BC, when he was especially fond of the inhabitants of the Greek Kerkinitida. Over time, the recipe buttermilk got to nomadic tribes of the Scythians - a staunch enemies of the Greeks.
During the Great Migrations people needed a nutritious product that can for a long time to maintain their useful properties. That product became ayran. He passed the test of time, having passed through the millennia, and has not lost relevance in our times.
In Armenia there is a similar drink called Tang. In ancient times, the Highlanders keep holy recipe buttermilk. In the 19th century, Russian scientists are interested in the causes of longevity of the Caucasian peoples and came to the conclusion that the reason for this is the miracle drink ayran, a property which is a bactericidal effect and the heal from the gastro-intestinal diseases. But for a long time they could not get a starter and find out the secret of the beverage - it is carefully guarded by the elders. According to legend, the Caucasus, in our lands because the drink appeared Russian girl who was able to win the heart of the Armenian prince. She agreed to marry him, but only in exchange for a wineskin cherished leaven.
In an industrial scale in the territory of Ukraine and the Russian dance and Ira began to produce in the 90s of the 20th century. Currently, almost any supermarket you can buy this drink. But taste purchased product only vaguely reminiscent of the original. Such ayran easy to prepare at home, simply whip in a blender with yogurt and salt water.
The main component of the Circassian ayran is suzma or katyk. Katyk - a sour, prepared from boiled milk. Before fermentation of milk is evaporated more than a third as a result of which the product obtained is very bold. Suzma - is a cross between sour cream and cottage cheese, get it after pumping katyk.
Application ayran in cooking
Because of its properties, Ira mostly used as a cold drink in the summer heat, to improve the appetite, for a base of cold soups. Ayran is combined with aromatic herbs. Depending on the food and the time of day, you can add basil, cilantro, especially when combined with meat dishes. And if you just want to drink something refreshing, the perfect ayran with mint, and the best use of peppermint candy store, which has a more pronounced flavor and taste to "chill."
In urban environments the ideal water for ayran will seltzer with the addition of ice cubes. If you plan to drink to accompany the dishes, then as a spice to it, you can add a pinch of paprika, coriander and cumin.
It goes well with fruits ayran. They are added to the drink and insist on for several hours. Especially delicious is obtained by adding a green apple, which will soften the taste of the drink and give it a fruity freshness. Such ayran can prepare before going to bed and in the morning, beating his blender, breakfast pastries crispy, squeezed her fragrant beverage.
The composition and caloric content of ayran
100 g of buttermilk contains 2, 79 g carbohydrate, 1 g fat, 1, 74 g protein, 8 mg ascorbic acid.
Caloric buttermilk is approximately 27 kcal per 100 g of product.
In view of the fact that the drink is prepared by fermentation of the main product, the beneficial properties of ayran for the body are obvious.
Firstly, it is very well absorbed, as are present in its structure simple protein compounds facilitating coordinated work intestines and stomach, bile production and gastric juice. It restores intestinal microflora and removes toxins from the body.
Secondly, the use of buttermilk is to restore the nervous system of an organism and disinfection. Regular consumption of ayran strengthens the immune system and prevents inflammatory diseases.
Undeniable benefits of ayran for people suffering from diseases of the respiratory system. Fermented milk drink promotes blood flow to the lungs, improve the respiratory centers of the body. It is useful to drink this drink at different times of the year. For example, in the summer it is perfectly quenches thirst, and in winter it is useful to drink to increase resistance to infectious respiratory and colds.
For Caucasian people Airan is the key to good health and longevity.
The benefits of ayran know a few, and its unusual taste have taste is not for everyone, but for weight loss ayran is simply irreplaceable. Calorie him low, but he has a wonderful property to saturate and give strength to the body. Moreover, the therapeutic properties buttermilk is its ability to reduce blood cholesterol levels, which also contributes to the normalization weight.
Many nutritionists strongly recommend Ira slimming. For this purpose, useful to arrange fasting days. It takes only three days to drink only this drink, and you get rid of 2-3 kg of excess weight.
If we talk about the dangers of ayran, then, like any other dairy product, it is harmful when improperly aging and preparation. It is also possible that your body does not perceive the drink. Store airan best cold no longer days, and used in the form of a freshly prepared.
You should know, that could cause harm if Ira giperatsidnyh states: ulcer 12 duodenal ulcer and stomach, gastritis.