Useful properties of peanut
Peanut is not a nut, as is usually assumed his "nuts" are the fruits of an annual leguminous plant that grows in warm and humid climates. It includes a lot of useful substances for the organism. For example, peanuts contain high-quality fats, which make up almost half of its mass. This leads to high calorie peanuts - 551 kcal per 100 g Besides its constituent proteins are easily digested, so peanuts are often recommended when there is severe illness and severe exhaustion.
Also in peanuts contain various vitamins, vitamin PP most affecting the metabolism and the nervous system. To ensure the daily need for this vitamin is enough to eat 100 grams of nuts a day. Also the chemical composition includes vitamin C peanuts and minor amounts of vitamins B1 and B2.
From the micro-and macro, which are found in nuts, it occupies a leading place potassium. Therefore peanuts useful for preventing heart disease, improvement of physical activity, as well as for the regulation of water and acid-base balance in the body. Also, there are many calcium, phosphorus, iron, magnesium and sodium.
In addition, other useful properties peanuts are attached therein in a large amount of antioxidants - polyphenols that protect living cells from the harmful effects of free radicals, thus inhibiting the aging.
Based on research of peanuts, put it on a par with strawberries and blackberries in their ability to influence the aging process, as well as to prevent formation of malignant tumors and diseases of the cardiovascular system.
Peanuts also useful in gastritis and peptic ulcer disease, promotes normalization of blood formation and improves memory.
Peanuts are eaten as raw or roasted. To ensure it does not lose its beneficial properties, it fry on a low heat without vegetable oils.
Since peanuts - high-calorie foods (peanut calorie is 551 kcal per 100g), it is not recommended to eat in the evening to avoid excess weight. For a nutritious and vitamin-rich breakfast, you can use peanut butter. It is possible to buy or prepare yourself for what is mixed dry roasted peanuts in a food processor with a little salt. For flavor to pasta, you can add a little honey.
It is also useful to use peanut butter, which improves the taste and nutrition of salads and sauces. The oil is recommended to use in diabetes and diseases of the cardiovascular system to lower cholesterol, normalize blood pressure and increase the elasticity of blood vessels. Outwardly peanut butter can be used as antibacterial and wound-healing agent for the treatment of eczema, festering wounds and herpes.
Contraindications to the use of peanuts
Despite the benefits that can bring peanuts, it must include in your diet with caution. Thus, large quantities of peanuts is harmful and can slow down the onset of reproductive maturity of the body and lead to violations of the cardiovascular system and liver function, because its chemical composition includes enough toxic erucic acid, which, moreover, virtually eliminated from the body .
Also, because of the high caloric content of peanuts it is not recommended there for violations of metabolism and overweight. In addition, peanuts bad for people prone to allergic diseases and abuse can result in violations of the digestive system, abdominal pain and swelling of the mouth.