Peanut butter is a highly nutritious and the product is very popular in the Americas. If a vegetarian lifestyle, he is a worthy alternative to meat.
Peanut butter is made from roasted peanuts - peanut from the legume family. Cultural home to peanut is South America. It is known that pasta was invented in 1890 by the American dietician, who was involved in the search for alternative food for vegetarians. It was found that the peanut is rich in essential for the body's proteins and vitamins. Soon the product was so popular that he began to produce commercially.
Then peanut butter manufacturing techniques differ from the present nuts milled after cooking, resulting in the loss of the characteristic flavor paste. After receiving the first patent for the manufacture of pasta in the sale were special grinder for grinding of peanuts, which allowed to make pasta at home.
Mass promotion of the paste on the market engaged K. Sumner, a major trader that owns large retail facilities in St. Louis. He introduced the product in 1904 at the National Universal Exhibition. By 1922, a paste production technology has changed, their shelf life increased to one year. This led to its spread beyond California. Soon it appeared several subspecies of the product, among which to this day popular "crisp" pasta which after cooking add sugar and finely chopped pieces of peanuts and classic creamy paste.
To date, the United States is a major exporter of peanut butter, and its production takes half the crop of the country. Compete America for the production of peanut butter can make except Chile and Argentina.
Depending on the duration of grinding masses can produce different types of peanut pastes. Classical paste is a mixture of purified ground nuts, a small amount of salt and sugar, vegetable oil and various additives to ensure the stability of consistency. Now on the shelves you can see the pasta with the addition of candied fruit, coconut, chopped nuts, cream paste, paste without sugar or salt, and so forth.
According to statistics, peanut oil consumed daily in the United States about 40 million people. High-quality paste must be uniform creamy consistency, with characteristic aroma and flavor of freshly roasted peanuts. Its color can vary from light brown to brown. Depending on the technology, the shelf life ranging from six months to a year at a storage temperature up to 20 degrees Celsius.
Traditionally, peanut butter spread on bread or toast and drink for breakfast with milk, coffee or tea. In America, the popular sandwiches with peanut butter and jelly. In cooking, it is used for the preparation of the baking and pastry, as it is added to sauces and risottos to give them a nutty flavor.
The composition and the use of peanut butter
By its nutritional value is not inferior to peanuts legumes such as beans and peas. It includes a lot of vegetable protein, is completely devoid of cholesterol and vitamin PP, A, B1, B2, E. In present peanuts folic acid, promotes the renewal and growth of cells, fiber, macro-and micronutrients (zinc, iron, iodine, phosphorus calcium, cobalt, potassium). Present it and antioxidants - substances that protect body cells from the harmful effects of free radicals. This makes peanuts among the most effective agents in preventing cardiovascular diseases. According to this index, he ranks with blackberries and strawberries, second, perhaps, the undisputed leader - grenade. According to recent studies, regular consumption of peanut butter (within reason) on 15-20% reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease.
The product in the manufacturing process undergoes cold working, making use of the peanut paste is the same as peanuts. In it the same way as in the nuts, preserved all the vitamins, fiber, macro-and micronutrients that are needed to complete the work of the body: the heart, liver, nervous system and other organs.
It is believed that the use of peanut butter is also to raise testosterone, which helps to burn fat and build muscle tissue. A large number of proteins is an alternative to meat when a vegetarian lifestyle.
Among the stars of the modeling business and show business is popular peanut diet that enhances the feeling of satiety.
Harm peanut butter
Origin damage peanut butter is its allergenicity. If a person is allergic against some types of nuts, the pasta should be consumed with caution.
The second harm peanut butter is its high caloric and fat content, so it is not recommended to use more than 3-4 tablespoons of this product per day.
When buying pasta, it is desirable to consider carefully the paste, so that its composition was not present harmful artificial flavors and hydrogenated fats. This peanut butter - it is a completely natural product.