Onion Welsh or, as it is called, fistular onion or Tartar - a perennial plant of the family bows.
batuna considered Asia, but today the plant is widespread, almost the entire territory of Russia, except the Far North.
Luke batuna found several types of Russian, Chinese and Japanese. Most of them are frost-Russian views that can withstand temperatures of up to -10 degrees Celsius. Two other species tolerate adverse environmental conditions much worse.
Full Welsh onion bulb does not form, so the food consumed only his peculiar, having the form of pipes, stems. After 2-3 years after planting Welsh onion begins to branch out, forming up to 40 branches. Around the same time, there is an escape with a round cap of small white flowers, abundantly secrete nectar.
The beneficial properties of onion batuna
Along with the external similarity, Welsh onion has all the useful properties of onion. Since ancient times, this searing spice used as an additive to food with specific taste, as well as a therapeutic agent, is successfully fighting with many common diseases.
In the green onion leaves batuna in excess contains ascorbic and nicotinic acid, carotene, riboflavin, thiamine, magnesium salts, potassium, iron, essential oil, which gives the plant a special taste and aroma, with bitterness. It is worth noting that the content of vitamin C in the onion batun exceeds that which is in the feathers of onions.
The beneficial properties of onion batuna especially valuable in the spring - a time when most people suffer from deficiency diseases and in need of increased support.
On assurances of scientists, 150 grams of onion welsh onion (one large onion) make up half of the daily requirement of vitamins A and C, as well as one-fifth of the body's need for potassium and calcium - the elements that improve the cardiovascular system. It is known that a bow batuna manufactured drugs that reduce blood pressure, improve the elasticity of capillary vessels.
Carotene contained in the welsh onion chives, is responsible for the safe condition of the skin and mucous membranes of the body. In Chinese medicine, the plant was used as a tonic, and sweatshop painkiller in the presence of gastric diseases.
Welsh onion is known for its strong disinfecting effect.
Nutritional value of onion batuna
Calorie batuna bow is only 34 kcal / 100 g product. The nutritional value of the plants:
- Protein - 1, 3 g;
- Fat - 0, 1 g;
- Carbohydrates - 3, 2 years
It includes such useful substances for our organism as choline (6, 1 mg), vitamin PP (0, 35 mg), vitamin B1 (0, 05 mg), vitamin B2 (0, 03 mg), vitamin B5 (0, 12 mg of ), vitamin B6 (0, 12 mg), vitamin B9 (19 mg), vitamin K (0, 4 g), vitamin E (0, 02 g), zinc (0, 17 g), selenium (0, 5 mcg ), fluoro (1, 1 g), manganese (0, 13 mg), phosphorous (29 mg), iron (0, 21 mg), magnesium (10 mg), sodium (4 mg), potassium (146 mg) and calcium (23 mg).
Nutritionists recommend to include Welsh onion in the diet of people suffering from metabolic disorders, liver disease, if you have kidney stones, gout, rheumatism, arteriosclerosis, dysentery, hypertension.
In cooking, use only the stems (green) onion batuna - as a seasoning for meat, fish, salads, sauces. In Tatar kitchen made to use Welsh onion as a separate appetizer, baked with eggs and cheese.
Welsh onion has found application in folk medicine, where the plant is widely used as a diuretic, antihelminthic and styptic.
For the treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, fever, cardiovascular system used tincture of onion welsh onion. For its preparation must be placed in a container crushed Welsh onion, cover the plant with 70% alcohol (1: 4), insisting for a week, then strain and take 15-20 drops diluted in 50 ml of cold drinking water.
As a means of fatigue take a decoction of onion welsh onion. It is prepared as follows: 80 g of crushed green, filled with 200 ml of boiling water, leave for 30 minutes and then filtered. Taking tincture 200 ml twice daily after meals.
Despite the many useful properties of onion batuna, excessive use of plants in the food can lead to hyperexcitability of the nervous system. It is not recommended to abuse dishes seasoned with onions Welsh, people suffering from gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, gastritis and pancreatitis.