Kiwi has Eastern origin, as originally it started to grow in ancient China.
Only in 1906, the kiwi fruit was imported into New Zealand, and that many consider his homeland. The first name that he was given - "Chinese gooseberry", but after the increase in demand for this fruit was renamed in honor of a small bird, the symbol of the east of the country.
Today, the cultivation of kiwi doing in Italy, Israel, New Zealand, in the west of France and California.
The most delicious is considered slightly myagkovata fruit, since this fruit is mature enough. Immature kiwi fruit firm to the touch, so that they are ripe, they can be put on the table so that they are not exposed to direct sunlight, or wrap in a paper bag with bananas, pears or apples. Mature fruits are stored in the refrigerator up to 2 weeks.
Weight kiwi fruit reaches about 50-150 grams. Most of the composition is water, which in the kiwi about 84%, the remaining 10% is held carbohydrates, 1% - proteins, and the remaining 5% - a dietary fiber, which is a disaccharide, monosaccharide and nicotinic acid. Kiwi also has quite a low calorie, because 100 g of this product have only 48 calories.
Useful properties of kiwifruit
Benefits of kiwi by a wealth of vitamins that are contained in this overseas fruit. In addition, useful properties are not lost, even with conservation, because the fruit pulp has the right degree of acidity.
In fresh kiwi fruit contains vitamins such:
- Vitamin C content of which was 92 mg per 100 g, which is significantly superior to the same amount of vitamin in citrus and bell peppers;
- Vitamin E deficiency is seen in the amateurs diets, and in the use of kiwi fruit can replenish this vitamin, even during the diet;
- Vitamin B9, better known under the name "folic acid", the content of which the fruit is second only to broccoli;
- Vitamin B6, known to us as the pirodoksin, which is especially necessary for pregnant or lactating women, the elderly and children.
This unique fortified structure determines the useful properties of the kiwi.
Due to the high content of vitamin C intake of fruit is incredibly effective for the prevention of colds, strengthen the immune system, and to prevent a variety of infections, prevention and treatment of many problems with the vessels.
In addition to vitamins in kiwi fruit contains many different trace elements, which are represented by manganese, iron, iodine and other useful substances. For example, 100 g of the product fits as much as 300 mg of potassium, and 40 mg calcium and 34 mg of phosphorus.
Benefits Kiwi is in the content of the fruit of a unique enzyme called actinidin simply necessary for good digestion of proteins, stimulate the digestive system and the normalization of blood clotting.
Eating kiwi fruit
Regular consumption of kiwi fruit helps improve the body, because it promotes the excretion of cholesterol, iron absorption and neutralization of the adverse effects on all systems of the body nitrates. A huge benefit of kiwi lies in the fact that it is indispensable for the prevention and reduction of the possible risk of cardiovascular diseases and cancer. Also, kiwi fruit has a beneficial effect on the metabolism and digestion. In addition, it can be used to normalize protein metabolism.
Useful properties of the kiwi also concluded and that this fruit - the perfect prophylactic agent of thrombosis, atherosclerosis, hypertension and heart failure.
If you enter in your daily diet only a few small kiwi fruit, can make a contribution to the regulation of the nervous system, to get rid of stress and depression. When used regularly, kiwi fruit is able to cope with breeding salt from the body, helping it and prevent the occurrence of kidney stones.
Kiwi fruit is considered sufficiently diet that is recommended for use for people suffering from overweight. It is also quite effective at burning fat - due to the high fiber content of fruit kiwi indispensable for people who are watching their figures.
Kiwi is widely used in cosmetology. Creams, lotions and tonics, which include kiwi fruit, nourishes the skin with nutrients, making it velvety and elastic, so that these properties of the fruit is most often used in anti-aging and moisturizing agents.
Contraindications to eat kiwi fruit
Although the use of kiwi and a huge, however, there are some contraindications to its use, forcing more attentive to its use.
Kiwi fruit is very allergenic. Even a small piece of fetal allergies can cause an allergic reaction transcendent. Accompanied by such a reaction dermatosis throat, swelling of the tongue, and sometimes even asthmatic dyspnea, which can reach up to a state of collapse. Children with allergies the use of this fruit can cause anaphylactic shock.
Not recommended the use of kiwi and people who suffer from gastritis and gastrointestinal diseases.