Flying fish roe
Flying fish roe (tobiko or) among all exotic seafood is the most outlandish.
Tobiko - Japanese name caviar of sea fishes from the family of Volatile included in the squad sarganoobraznyh. A total of about eighty representatives of the family, which combines a distinctive feature - the unique structure of the body and internal organs, so that the fish can make soaring above the waves.
The main feature of flying fish are the pectoral fins wide and long (2/3 body length), located high. In flight, they straighten out like a bird's wing. The powerful tail fin is greatly developed, elongated bottom part, so that the fish taken out of the water and away from the surface of the strong cross-strokes, can significantly increase the speed. Flight contribute to a large swim bladder, which is present in about 40 cubic meters. cm. air, and it takes more than half of the body. Also volatile fish inherent long pelvic fins which, nevertheless, are not used by all types of families.
The fish can jump out of the water in an emergency and for no apparent reason. People who witnessed the flight of fish, compared with the trajectory of their movement abandoned almost horizontal to the water the flat stone, which skips over the surface of the water, flying long distances. Fish floating in the air up to ten seconds, overcoming in this time of up to 400 meters. They are unable to control their flight, which often leads to the fact that they cut into an obstacle, such as a board.
Body length of fish can reach 50 cm in front of the head flattened, short, with big eyes. Back at the Flying Fish dark gray color, and blue-gray flanks. The pectoral fins are pointed shape or rounded-rectangular, transparent gray or dark (brown, green, blue) with colored stripes or spots, making an impression in flight iridescent glow.
All types of volatile fish live in tropical seas at a temperature not less than 20 degrees. The greatest diversity of species can be found in the western waters of the Pacific and the Indian Ocean. Some species are found only in the coastal zone, while others prefer the open ocean.
Fish swim in small flocks and prefer to stay close to the surface of the water. They feed on plankton, fish larvae and small marine animals. Multiply caviar red-orange color, with a diameter of not more than 0, 8 mm, which is attached primarily to algae or any floating object.
Application of flying fish roe in cooking
At flying fish tender and delicious meat, so in many countries flying detachment have commercial value. They are especially popular in Japan. In this country accounts for more than 50% of the global fish catch. But in addition to meat in Japan wide popular Tobiko - flying fish roe.
Tobiko is used in the preparation of rolls and sushi, to decorate dishes and salads. Flying fish roe has a natural orange color, which artificially enhance using ginger. May be used and other natural dyes (wasabi juice, cuttlefish ink, etc..), Through which eggs are painted in green and black colors.
Technology of processing of eggs remained unchanged for over 500 years. Raw eggs first kept in a special sauce, as a result it becomes salty-smoky flavor. If we compare with flying fish roe more familiar to us salmon, it will seem drier on the palate and is a little crunch on the teeth. But the Japanese are very fond of flying fish roe, they not only include its many national dishes, but also eaten as a separate dishes. On our shelves flying fish roe gets usually frozen or canned form.
The composition and caloric content of flying fish roe
As part of tobiko present more than 30% of the proteins that are easily digested, and also mineral salts, fats, phosphorus, potassium, silicon, iodine and other macro and micronutrients. In it you can find the full complement of B vitamins, vitamins A, C and D.
With the depletion of the eggs is recommended to use as a tonic. Eat it as well with strong physical exertion, anemia during pregnancy and since it is considered a valuable energy and calorie foods.
Caloric tobiko is approximately 72 kcal per 100 g of product.
It is not recommended to use the eggs of flying fish in the case of individual intolerance or with a history of allergic reactions to seafood and fish.