Grappa - an alcoholic beverage produced by distillation of grape pomace. Sometimes called grappa
wine, but because of the fortress (40-50 degrees), it is more often called vodka. According to the International Classification of grappa brandy belongs to the class, and in accordance with international decree of 1997 called grappa drink produced exclusively in Italy. The same decree strictly regulated manufacturing standards and the quality of the drink.
In the production of wine is always a small amount of fermented mass of twigs, seed and grape skin. For the purpose of this mass of waste is distilled by distillation, and the output is strong drink - grappa.
Accurate information about the origin of grappa not. Some researchers argue that the Sicilians distillation method borrowed from the Arabs in the 9th century, and applied it to the wine production waste. Other scientists believe that the inhabitants of Friuli was known for the drink in the 5th century. Some researchers believe that Burgundy is home to grappa. Italians themselves believe that the drink comes from the small town of Bassano del Grappa in the eponymous Mount Grappa. Of all the versions one can conclude one thing - the age of the drink has passed for 1, 5 thousand years.
Originally grappa ate mostly peasants. To taste the drink gets tough, sharp but perfectly pacified class hatred and healed wounds.
Widespread grappa gained in the 60-70-ies of the 20th century. For a short time it has become not only incredibly popular, its production has become economically viable. Italian drink became a success in Europe and America, and his status has changed dramatically. Today, grappa can be classified as "premium", and poured it into a refined design of the bottle, and the price he has a pretty high. He miraculously combines the advantages of liquor, brandy and vodka. Today, grappa is produced mainly in the famous wine region of Veneto. There are also plants in other regions of Italy - Friuli, Trentino, Piedmont.
The technology of production and types of grappa
The quality of grappa depends on the feedstock. Most quality drink produced by the distillation of pomace of white grapes from which just squeezed juice, or from the remnants of grapes for wine is expensive.
Distillation can be carried out in two ways: continuous distillation columns, or in a copper alembic. The output is a ready-to-drink beverage, which can either be directly poured into the container, or some time soak in cherry or oak barrels fresh. Aging in oak barrels gives the grappa an amber color and a distinctive flavor of tannins.
Types of grappa:
- Vlanka - napitok.Imeet fresh white color and sharp taste. Due to its low cost it is most popular in Italy;
- affinata in legno - grappa, aged in barrels for six months. It has a mild flavor and light golden color;
- Vecchia - drink sustained in oak barrels for one year;
- Stravecchia - drink, aged in oak barrels for a year and a half. Fortress has more than 50 revolutions and rich golden hue;
- Monovitigno - grappa is made mostly from a single grape variety (Cabernet, Ribolla, Teroldego, Pinot Gris, Nebbiolo, Chardonnay, and others.);
- Polivitigno - a drink made from two or more grape varieties;
- Aromatica - grappa produced by distillation of fragrant grape Muscat or Prosecco;
- Aromatizzata - beverage made from grape spirits, infused with fruit, berries and spices (almond, juniper, cinnamon, anise, and others.);
- Uve - drink produced from a variety of grapes. It has a characteristic strength and pure wine aroma;
- grappa soft - nizkogradusny drink (less than 30 degrees).
The most common variety in vlanka drink chilled to 8 ° C form. The rest of the varieties accepted to use room temperature. Most grappa is added to consume coffee or pure lemon.
Useful properties of grappa
Because of its high strength grappa is often used to disinfect injuries, wounds and abrasions. Due to the same property in the grappa often make different therapeutic tinctures.
insomnia and nervous agitation in the grappa brandy made of hops. To this end, pulverized hop cones, and 2 tablespoons of the resulting powder is poured 200 ml of alcohol. Insist the resulting mixture for ten days, after which the tincture take 10-15 drops twice a day.
But to get rid of migraines and headaches can help orange liqueur. Half a kilo of chopped oranges, 100 g of horseradish, grated, 1 kg of sugar fall asleep and pour 0, 5 liters of grappa and 0, 5 liters of water. Cook it all in a water bath until the sugar is completely melted (about an hour), the liquid is filtered and allowed to cool. Take third cup once a day, two hours after a meal.
Grappa is widely used in traditional Italian dishes. For example, it is used when flaming shrimp meat, comprising marinade for fish and meat, as well as in the manufacture of various desserts and drinks.
Hazardous properties of grappa
It should limit the consumption of grappa for people with diseases of the nervous and cardiovascular systems, as well as in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
In addition, like other alcoholic drinks, grappa should not be used in pregnant and lactating women and persons under 18 years of age.