View cherry, is a small shrub or tree up to 3 m and presently attributable to the genus plum is called "Felt cherry" or scientifically «Prunus tomentosa Thunb». This plant is completely strewn with small embossed dark green leaves with soft hairs that looks like felt, and this is due to its name.
It grows like a felt cherry vysokodekorativnoe and fruit plants with succulent sour berries oval or round shape. Fruits of cherries hanging on short stalk, adhering tightly to one another, as well as the fruits of sea buckthorn. The flowering plants to the period from late April to early May, fruit ripening - the end of June to early July, depending on weather conditions and the growing region.
Homeland felt cherry is Mongolia, China and Korea, the vast which it grows wild in Europe and North America, it is widely used until the mid XX century.
Felt cherry - useful properties and composition
In berries cherries felt contains pectins, 16-32 mg of vitamin C, 8-10% of sugars (glucose and fructose), 1% citric and malic acid, and tannins. 100 g of berries pulp contained 0, 6% anthocyanins, 0, 29 and 0% catechins, 17% of flavonols and bioactive polyphenols. With these substances, felt cherry is an effective means of kapillyaroukreplyayuschee.
Despite all the nice features Prunus tomentosa in traditional medical practice almost never used, but many doctors recommend eating fruit to increase the regular activities of the intestine, improve digestion of fats and proteins, increase appetite.
Seed kernels are rich in fatty oil (17 to 35%), of which consists of linoleic acid, providing protivoateroskleroticheskim action. Without the advice of a doctor it is better not to use, because they contain glycoside amygdalin, which is digested in the intestines forms a poisonous hydrocyanic acid.
Felt cherry rich in vitamins C, B, P and PP, and the iron it contains more than apples. It is useful in anemia, can reduce the growth of atherosclerotic plaque, reduces blood pressure, prevents the development of stroke and heart attack.
Energy value of 100 g felt cherries is 52 kcal, the protein content of 0, 8 grams of fat - 0, 2 g carbohydrates - 10, 6 g
Prunus tomentosa - recipes
Sweet berries felt cherry is a dietary product, they can be used in the presence of stones in the kidneys and liver, gastritis and peptic ulcer diseases of the stomach and intestines, as well as those who want to lose weight.
According to the reviews, felt cherry is most useful and delicious fresh, but cooking it is usually processed or dried, from it make juices, jams, compotes, jams, syrup and juice.
The process of preservation of wild varieties of cherry recipe similar pieces from the usual garden cherries. If it does not add sugar, and used as a sweetener fructose - a delicacy and can be consumed in the mild form of diabetes.
Very popular marmalade felt cherry recipe is passed down from generation to generation in Korea, from which spread around the world. Fruits of cherries (600 g) was thoroughly washed under cold water, cleaned of stalks and seed, put in a large pan filled with 3 cups of water and cook until razvaristogo state.
Then the berries are passed through a sieve, the resulting mass of cherry again put on a slow fire, it added 150 g of sugar and cook until until it begins to thicken. Then, in a cherry weight added 2 tbsp. l. 5 tablespoons honey. l. starch, diluted in the same amount of water, the liquid is boiled and stir constantly until it begins to resemble the consistency of thick pudding. The finished mass is poured into cups and is cooled for 3 hours, then cut marmalade and ready for use.
Many housewives prefer a felt cherry fruits cleaned of seeds and fill with sugar, then spread out to the banks and cover with polyethylene covers to give some sort of jam.
Jam felt cherry cooked on the same technology as any other jam, however, it is possible to put a much smaller amount of sugar, because the berries of this variety uncharacteristic sour cherries.
According to the reviews, felt cherry is an excellent raw material for the preparation of compotes in winter. The berries are washed and expanded in sterile banks obdatye boiling water flooded up to the neck of the boiling sugar syrup and closed with sterile caps. In one liter of syrup should account for 400 grams of sugar, ready compote can be stored no more than 8 months in a cool dark place.
Felt cherry - fruit plant, spread around the world from Asia, and have gained popularity due to its delicious and sweet berries. Useful properties of cherry varieties allow to apply it in the treatment of various diseases, and low calorie content makes it an ideal product with a diet.