Beluga - a fish sturgeon family, living mostly in the Azov, Caspian, White and Adriatic seas. It goes to spawn in the rivers flowing into the area.
Fish beluga applies to commercial species, but its population today is very low due to intense catch and poaching. Of particular value is the caviar of the fish, that its production was the main reason of reducing population. Today, this type of sturgeon is on the verge of extinction, and therefore is listed in the International Red Book.
Useful properties of beluga
Meat Beluga extremely useful since 20% consists of high-grade protein, and its chemical composition contains all amino acids that are necessary for the person, including irreplaceable methionine.
100 g of white sturgeon contains a number of vitamins, micro- and macronutrients, water, fats, proteins and ashes. Although the amount of fat it is less than other sturgeon, it also is a provider of useful omega-3 fatty acids. These compounds have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant action is needed to stabilize the intercellular processes, reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke. Meat fish sturgeon recommended for gastritis, in the diet, as it is used for the prevention of arthritis, arthrosis, osteoporosis and atherosclerosis.
Vitamins contained in the beluga:
- Vitamin A;
- Vitamins of group B (B1, B2, B3, B4, B5, B6, B9, B12);
- Vitamin E;
- Vitamin D;
- Vitamin K.
Calorie meat is about 112 kcal per 100g of product.
Among the contraindications to the use of beluga is worth noting individual intolerance and allergic reactions to fish.
Black caviar - it's surprisingly well-balanced product with remarkable taste and containing a large amount of useful substances for the organism.
The beluga caviar, as well as in meat, a lot full of protein, vitamins, lecithin, minerals and organic compounds. Fats contained in it, are characterized by a high iodine value, they include a lot of polyunsaturated fatty acids. Cholesterol, which is found in eggs, almost completely neutralized helpful lecithin.
Beluga caviar is primarily recommended for mothers who are breastfeeding, young children, especially for increasing hemoglobin levels and immunity, as well as adults who are in need of nourishing diet, because this product is easy to digest because of its high protein content.
Included in the caviar substances needed to maintain and improve brain activity, preservation of view, increasing the elasticity of the vascular walls, which in turn is an excellent prevention of heart attacks, strokes and coronary heart disease.
Beluga Caviar strengthen the nervous system, inhibits the development of tumors, keeps skin young, for good reason, it is included in many cosmetic products.
Of course, caviar is not a cure and not a panacea, especially beluga fish itself on the brink of extinction, but it occasionally using a prophylactic agent in conjunction with other products and drugs, it is possible longer stay young and healthy.
Recipes of the beluga
Beluga stewed with vegetables.
- 500 g of fish fillet beluga;
- 3 tsp Dijon mustard;
- 4 things. pepper;
- 4 things. tomatoes;
- 1 PC. onions;
- 10 g butter;
- Salt to taste.
Cut the peppers in half, remove seeds and cut into small strips. With tomato peel and cut them into eight slices. Onions to cut into thin rings.
The fish is cut into slices 2 cm thick, coat with mustard and leave to marinate for a few hours. Then heat the butter, put a skillet on the bottom of the fish, season with salt and put the vegetables. Pour a small amount of water and cook, covered over medium heat until tender (about 20 minutes).
Bester (a hybrid of beluga and starlet) pickled.
- 4 kg Bester (or beluga);
- 20g ginger;
- 50 g pepper (pot);
- 5 garlic cloves;
- 20 g of thyme, tarragon and marjoram;
- 500 g salt.
Prepare the fish, to cut it into portions of 200-250 g
Prepare 5 liters of brine: Put the garlic in the vinegar, pepper and ginger. The pieces are then Bester put in a large saucepan, pour the brine, add the herbs and salt and boil. When the fish is ready, remove it in a barrel, sprinkling spices and covered with cheesecloth and pour the spiced vinegar. Keep the barrel in a dry place.
Beluga in English.
- 1, 7 kilograms of fish sturgeon;
- 100 g of cucumber;
- 100 g kaperosv;
- 2 tbsp ketchup;
- 300 g of mayonnaise;
- 2 tbsp butter;
- 1 PC. lemon;
- 1 cup fish broth;
- 40 g of bread crumbs;
- Salt and pepper to taste.
The fish is to cut into portions, scalded and dried on a paper napkin. Then add salt and pepper, roll in bread crumbs and put in a pot, oiled.
Finely chop the capers and cucumbers, to connect them with mayonnaise, add fish broth, ketchup, stir and bring to a boil. Drizzle the fish into the sauce pot, cover and place in preheated oven.
Prepare fish out onto a plate and garnish with lemon semicircles. As a side dish you can submit mashed potatoes.
The benefits and taste of this species of sturgeon are undeniable. But it should be noted that the meat, as well as beluga caviar, virtually disappeared from the shelves, because production for industrial purposes is no longer maintained. Scientists predict that the number of fish in natural conditions and may be restored, but it will take decades.