Vulvitis - a disease in which the inflammatory process extends to the external genitalia of women: both large and small labia, clitoris, and vestibule. Sometimes it vulvitis runs as an independent disease, but most of the inflammatory process involves the mucous membrane inside the vagina. In such cases, we are talking about vulvovaginal. Inflammation may result from exposure to chemicals, mechanical damage, and also because of infection.
Vulvitis may occur regardless of the age of the patient. Vulvitis are primary (non-infectious), which mostly affects girls and older women. In the first case, the inflammatory process can begin because of anatomical and physiological characteristics of the character, in the second - as a result of age-related changes in the lining of the genitals. For women of childbearing age, mainly characterized by a secondary vulvitis (infectious), which occurs on a background of inflammation of internal genitals.
The causes of vulvitis
Causes of primary vulvitis, besides physiological factors may be non-compliance with personal hygiene, the presence of endocrine diseases, uncontrolled use of antibiotics, cystitis, parasitic infestation, diaper rash in obesity, vitamin imbalance, as well as exposure to chemicals, heat and mechanical factors.
The starting point for the development of secondary vulvitis most frequent diseases like trichomoniasis, gonorrhea, mycoplasmosis, chlamydia, herpes, intestinal infections and other diseases of the urogenital area.
The symptoms of vulvitis
The most characteristic symptoms of vulvitis are: discomfort in the vulva, severe burning, itching and pain. Unpleasant symptoms of vulvitis worried while walking, during intercourse and urination. Externally, the inflammatory process manifested by redness and swelling of the genitals: the clitoris, the vestibule, large and small lips. It is often observed during illness selection of different consistency, color and smell.
In severe cases, the symptoms of vulvitis appear on the mucous membranes - formed ulcers and erosion. When healing to these places formed scars, deforming the surface of the genitals, which further leads to complications in sexual activity. In some cases, children accompanied by a vulva in adhesive process at which the fusion of the labia minora, or adhesions. This complication of vulvitis can cause infertility and irregularities in the intimate life.
Self-medication with the vulva, despite the apparent ease of the disease, it is not recommended to engage. It is not always clear, it is a distinct disease or concomitant. Quite often in parallel requires additional treatment vulvitis by specialists such as endocrinologist, allergist or dermatologist. Also finished the cure of the acute stage of vulvitis may become chronic, which is fraught cycled disease adversely affects the immune system in general and the quality of sexual life in particular.
Therefore, at the first sign of inflammation in the area of the external genitalia is necessary to consult a gynecologist. On the basis of laboratory and clinical studies, as well as visual inspection exhibited diagnosis and appropriate therapy is appointed.
In the primary treatment of vulvitis is to use baths with a decoction of herbs that have anti-inflammatory and disinfectant properties. Allowed to use powders, ointments, creams or similar activity. Upon detection of the secondary vulvitis medical therapy is aimed at addressing the specific pathogen causing the disease. There are used antibiotics, antifungal and antimicrobial drugs in various dosage forms. Additionally, for the removal of local symptoms as well as for primary vulvar recommended baths with a decoction of herbs. During treatment of vulvitis completely excluded sex life.
Features of treatment of vulvitis in children
The most common cause of vulvitis in children are worms, so in addition to the main treatment prescribed anthelmintic drugs. For the treatment of vulvitis in children are also medications that have desensitizing effect, for example, calcium supplements and anti-allergic agents. If the cause of vulvitis served as reduced immunity, it is assigned to receive vitamins and immunostimulants. In the acute form of vulvitis child shows bed rest.
For patients of all ages it is recommended diet, which excluded pastry, spicy, smoked and salted food. It is necessary to consume dairy products, herbs, fruits and vegetables.
Most important in the prevention of vulvitis - personal hygiene. It is undesirable to use for cleaning the soap and detergents, has an antibacterial effect, since destroyed not only harmful microorganisms, but also useful microflora. As a result, the mucous membrane becomes unable to resist the penetration of pathogens into the body.
When prevention vulvitis must constantly strengthen the immune system, de-worming intervention in a timely manner to eliminate hotbeds of infection in the body and treat chronic somatic (diabetes, obesity, etc.).