Conjunctivitis, or pink eye disease called inflammation of the conjunctiva. So that a thin outer skin covering the sclera and the inner surface of the eyelid.
Conjunctivitis - fairly common ophthalmic pathology, the danger of which is often underestimated. A common cause of conjunctivitis in children - of infection directly in the eyes with dirty hands. For conjunctivitis in children and lead beriberi, allergic reactions and chronic rhinitis associated with inflammatory processes in the sinuses.
In adults, the most common cause of conjunctivitis is considered to work under the conditions of prolonged exposure to dust, chemicals or aerosols. Conjunctivitis can also provoke metabolic disorders in the body, the disease-century, for example, or meybomit blepharitis, pathology refraction: myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism, etc.
Symptoms of conjunctivitis
Symptoms of conjunctivitis include the patient's complaints of feeling cramps and itching in the eyes. Patients with symptoms of conjunctivitis often suffer from increased fatigue and visual photophobia. When severe form of conjunctivitis symptoms are abundant purulent discharge from the eyes. When the lighter forms of conjunctivitis in children with colds possible limited manifestation of signs of inflammation: watery eyes, and redness of the conjunctiva. In this case, you will first resolve the question - how to cure the common cold.
Types of Conjunctivitis
Viral conjunctivitis caused all sorts of viral infections: adenovirus, enterovirus, or koksakevirusnye. The bulk of all cases of viral conjunctivitis make up a disease provoked by adenoviruses. Viral conjunctivitis this type occurs typically in the background, the adenoviral infection epidemic.
Approximately 70% of the causes of viral conjunctivitis is hospital infections. It spreads mostly contact and, much less, by airborne droplets. Viral conjunctivitis affects both eyes of the patient. The incubation period is 4-8 days while adenovirus form of the disease, and 4-48 hours at enterovirus form of viral conjunctivitis.
Diphtheria Diphtheria of the conjunctiva, or conjunctivitis causes contact with mucous membranes eye diphtheria bacilli. Symptoms of this type of conjunctivitis in addition to swelling and redness of the eyelids is the formation of specific gray film on the eyes. When the forced disclosure of a century from the eye of the patient pours pus cereal.
Chlamydia conjunctivitis or chlamydia infection chlamydia eye provokes. A particular class of intracellular parasites can cause multiple organ damage human eyes and including. Specific symptoms include conjunctivitis chlamydial forms formation of follicles in the conjunctival fold, seal and corneal opacity. In severe inflammatory disease can lead to blindness.
Allergic conjunctivitis develops against the background of an allergic reaction mucous membranes of the eyes. It can be a form of the organism's reaction to the drug, animal dander, pollen, certain plants, etc. Allergic conjunctivitis is always accompanied by allergic rhinitis, bronchial asthma or less atopic dermatitis.
Pneumococcal Conjunctivitis in children often has the character of an epidemic. It manifests the formation of petechial hemorrhages on the conjunctiva of the child, the appearance of white-gray film on the surface of the loose eyelids. Pneumococcal Conjunctivitis practically does not occur in adults.
For a rare species of conjunctivitis in children and adults include gonococcal, angular shapes, and autoimmune diseases.
Treatment for conjunctivitis
Tactics of treatment depends on the type of conjunctivitis causative agent. When pneumococcal conjunctivitis in children treatment is repeated daily rinsing with antiseptic solutions. At the same time the child is assigned a local antibiotic therapy in the form of eye drops. At night, under the eyelid patient with pneumococcal conjunctivitis laid-based ointment Tetracycline or erythromycin.
Treatment of chlamydial conjunctivitis form also suggests rinsing antiseptics and antibiotics. But the main attention of the doctor directed to primary therapy of urogenital chlamydia. It is also possible surgical removal of conjunctival follicles in the crease.
The goal of treatment of conjunctivitis in children and adults against the general allergic reaction is to reduce the body's sensitivity to the allergen. This state is achieved by the gradual introduction of the patient small doses of the allergen. In acute allergic conjunctivitis for relieving patient apply eye drops and ointments by glucocorticoids.
Treatment of diphtheria conjunctivitis is conducted in the form of infectious department patient with the inevitable introduction of diphtheria serum.
A necessary component of the treatment of viral conjunctivitis in children and adults are antivirals, immunomodulators, and vitamin therapy.
To prevent contamination of conjunctivitis, often quite ordinary measures of personal hygiene:
- to wash hands,
- do not rub your eyes with dirty hands,
- do not use someone else's makeup and towels
- Do not wear contact lenses of another person,
- after contact with a patient with symptoms of conjunctivitis wash hands and antimicrobial eye drops drip.