Varicose veins are among the most frequent vascular disease.
According to some, the disease in one form or another affects more than 10% of the population, mostly it affects women. Varicose veins can occur at any age, even in children. The determining factor in the development of the disease is a genetic predisposition.
Causes of varicose veins
The main cause of varicose veins is genetically determined imperfection of connective tissue, including that which is the vessels. Hereditary predisposition means that if a first-degree relative suffering any form of varicose veins, the people are at risk for this disease.
For the development of varicose veins are also required special conditions created a way of life. These factors cause the usual congestion in the lower part of the body, through the creation of a static load.
Varicose veins often occurs in people whose work involves prolonged standing: barbers, sellers at the store operator.
Varicose veins of the pelvis can be triggered by pregnancy, as the enlarged uterus may cause long-term compression pelvic veins. Also, varicose veins of the pelvis occurs in people leading a sedentary sedentary.
Factors causing blood circulation and varicose veins in the legs, also includes the wearing of tight clothes and shoes, a habit to sit with his legs crossed. The cause of varicose veins of the pelvis can be practiced incomplete sexual intercourse as a method of contraception.
Symptoms of varicose veins
Symptoms of varicose veins include:
- Feeling very tired, feeling of heaviness and fullness in the legs, worse in the evening;
- Pain in the legs, with no clear localization, whining and pulling character, pain is also enhanced in the afternoon;
- The appearance of external symptoms of varicose veins in the legs. Telangiectasia, or spider veins are thin vessels weave purple or bluish color. As the disease begin to appear in the form of large veins swollen subcutaneous winding strands, the so-called worm-like vein;
- In the advanced stage of joining the signs of complications of varicose veins: thrombophlebitis, venous ulcers, thrombosis. It is terrible complications causing significant deterioration in the quality of life of the patient (trophic ulcers), and in some cases even death (pulmonary embolism due to deep vein thrombosis of the lower limbs).
Symptoms of varicose veins of the pelvis in women are nonspecific and resemble the symptoms of inflammatory diseases of the female genital tract, which is why often allowed diagnostic errors.
The main symptoms of varicose veins of the pelvis are:
- Steady aching pain in the pelvic area. Traced the dependence of the pain phase of the menstrual cycle, just before the onset of menstruation pain usually intensifies;
- Abundant mucous discharge from the vagina.
A special case of manifestation of varicose veins of the pelvis is a hemorrhoid with all its specific features.
Symptoms of varicose veins of the testicle in men often do not draw attention to themselves, and are found incidentally during a medical examination. Typically, this is a characteristic vermiform drawing large venous plexus on one side of the scrotum, pulling one-sided pain in this area, appears after loading.
Diagnosis of varicose veins
Diagnosis is based on symptoms of varicose veins, these visual inspection and the results of hardware methods. As such, most informative Doppler ultrasound and ultrasound duplex scanning of.
In case of difficulty of diagnosis of varicose veins of the pelvis in women it can be used chrezmatochnaya venography.
To confirm the diagnosis of testicular varicose veins using special functional tests (eg sample Valsalva maneuver).
Treatment of Varicose Veins
Varicose veins treatment depends on the location of pathology, and may be conservative or surgical. The most commonly used combination of several of them.
As a conservative treatment of varicose veins in the legs and medication use compression therapy. The use of drugs has no independent value, but allows you to relieve the symptoms of varicose veins in the legs: to eliminate the feeling of heaviness, fatigue and pain.
Compression therapy is to wear medical compression stockings, which provides compressive and massaging effect on the superficial veins, contributing to the elimination of venous stasis. Compression therapy is highly effective and can be regarded as an independent method of treatment for varicose veins in the early stages of development or in the postoperative period. Currently medical compression hosiery is generated from high-tech materials and does not cause any problems during extended wear, including aesthetic nature.
The most radical method of treatment of varicose veins of all types is a surgical intervention. Now phlebologists prefer minimally invasive techniques: sclerosis of varicose veins, laser surgery, endoscopic phlebectomy, microsurgical phlebectomy. These techniques can achieve excellent results with minimal risk of operational and postoperative complications. Also applies classical surgical treatment of varicose veins, in which the damaged section of the vein ligated and excised. The blood flow in this case bypasses.
It is understood that the current treatment of varicose veins, for all its accomplishments, does not eliminate the main cause of the disease - the weakness of the vascular wall. Therefore conducted treatment requires life-long prevention of recurrence of the disease, and possibly eliminate factors that contribute to the development of varicose veins. Only such an approach will talk about the complete cure of the disease.
The use of folk remedies for varicose veins
Folk remedies for varicose veins are used quite widely and actively, but their effectiveness is usually negligible. The use of folk remedies for varicose veins justified as symptomatic therapy, which allows to reduce the discomfort caused by the disease and its complications. Usually, for this purpose use decoctions and ointments based on medicinal plants, have anti-inflammatory and antibacterial action.