Neoplasms arising in the muscle tissue of the uterus, are called uterine fibroids (otherwise - leymioma or fibroid). The disease is benign and is shown against a background of hormonal imbalance in the female body, triggered by various pathological conditions: polyps, hyperplasia anovulation or endometrial tissue.
The size of uterine fibroids can vary greatly from tiny (pea) before the tumors reach a truly gigantic proportions when fibroids grow to a volume of full-term pregnancy, and weight over three kilograms. Formation of uterine fibroids is also different - it can be one large tumor, or a whole bunch of small-sized tumors.
Types of uterine fibroids
Experts are divided uterine fibroids on the following (depending on the place of education fibroids):
- Interstitial (in-wall);
- Subserous (subperitoneal);
- Submucous (submucosal);
- Intraligamentarnaya (mezhsvyazochnaya).
According to official data of medical statistics in most cases the formation of uterine fibroids is multiple in nature, that is. E. Simultaneous multiple fibroids are formed, different in size and their location in the tissue of the uterus.
Causes of uterine fibroids
Opinions modern physicians are divided on the true causes of uterine fibroids. Most experts are inclined to think of the hormonal nature of the disease and the claim that the wrong ratio of sex hormones in the female body is responsible for the pathological condition of the structure of the endometrium and a violation of metabolism.
The latest research in the field of research into the causes of uterine fibroids prove that the etiology of the disease is not as elementary as it is accepted traditionally described in medical reference books. The root cause of the disease is now increasingly include effects on the woman's psychosomatic factors - prolonged stress, depression, a sense of hopelessness, loneliness, depression, prolonged family conflicts, etc.
Also, the causes of uterine fibroids include the following pathogens:
- Surgeries on the artificial termination of pregnancy (abortion);
- High blood pressure;
- Increased levels of estrogen (female sex hormones);
- The absence of a full sex life.
To the main risk of developing uterine fibroids include women of childbearing age and their percentage in the total number of patients with myoma is (according to different sources) from 20 to 50 percent. After the extinction of fertility in women morbidity rates is significantly reduced.
Symptoms of uterine fibroids
The most characteristic symptoms of uterine fibroids include pathological conditions which must necessarily attract the attention of a woman - a sudden intermenstrual and unusually heavy menstrual bleeding.
Pain in the uterine fibroids can vary in intensity and location of the pain. Pelvic pain, usually described as feeling sick women permanent distention, incomprehensible and unreasonable severity of the abdomen (this feeling occurs when uterine fibroids reaches larger and begins to squeeze adjacent to her internal organs).
Neoplasms, located inside the cavity of the uterus, can project pain cramping in nature, as the muscle layer of the uterus tends to shrink periodically, as if trying to push is inside fibroids.
Sharp and paroxysmal pain reveal a violation of the blood supply of uterine fibroids.
Painless, but rather large fibroids irregular shape, located on the midline of the abdomen and have the mobility, can easily be detected in the self-palpation of the abdomen.
Among the indirect causes of uterine fibroids include abnormalities in the cardiovascular system. This factor is due to the fact that the disease is uterine cancer in the female body develops latent or manifest anemia, ie there is a significant decrease in the level of hemoglobin in the blood. In direct relation to this cause is the emergence of chronic fatigue syndrome, fatigue, decreased performance and mood.
Elevated blood loss are permanent and without proper treatment of uterine fibroids take on the character of a chronic condition, which in turn causes a disruption of the blood, blood clotting, and eventually lead to violations in the work of all organs and systems in the female body.
The presence of at least one of the above symptoms indicative of suspected uterine fibroids. Timely treatment in hospital conducted clinical and laboratory examination and treatment of uterine fibroids woman ensures a full recovery and preservation of the health of her child-bearing.
Diagnosis of uterine fibroids
The early stage of formation of the disease characterized by an extremely low percentage of diagnosis of uterine fibroids. Women in any case should not neglect regular visits to a medical facility for routine gynecological examination. This manual (bimanual) examinations to diagnose nodules in the womb at a very early stage, when it is not formed, and has not shown any of the above signs of disease.
For the most accurate diagnosis of uterine fibroid gynecologist can prescribe the following types of medical examinations:
- X-ray examination.
In view of indications can be assigned to a fence myoma node tissue for histology and cytology (to exclude the possibility of malignancy neoplasm).
Treatment of uterine fibroids
Methods of treatment of uterine fibroids are divided into surgical and medical. The indications for surgery of uterine fibroids are:
- Heavy prolonged bleeding;
- Develop against anemia uterine fibroids;
- Rapidly progressive tumor growth;
- Female infertility caused by the atypical location of myoma node;
- Uterine fibroids, endometriosis and combined with ovarian cancer;
- Suspected malignancy neoplasms;
- The location of the submucosal fibroids;
- The location of the cervical fibroids;
- Necrosis of fibroids.
To medical drugs prescribed for the treatment of uterine fibroids, are primarily hormonal agents - progesterone and its derivatives.
Treatment of uterine fibroids folk remedies effectively and is justified only in cases where the age of the female patients more than 40-45 years and there is a natural decline in the production of female hormones. Before the treatment of uterine fibroids natural remedies (herbal remedies or homeopathic methods) is required prior consultation with a physician.