Brief description of the disease
Ulcerative colitis - a chronic inflammation of the colon. A second common name for the disease - ulcerative colitis.
The disease affects the submucosal and mucosal membrane of the large intestine, causes nonhealing wounds.
The causes of the disease
To date, there is no accurate data on the causes of ulcerative colitis. The main reason is considered to be a weakened immune system and poor nutrition. Also, the disease can provoke infections in the gastrointestinal tract, intestinal worms, alcohol, lack of personal hygiene, prolonged antibiotic therapy.
The symptoms of ulcerative colitis
The symptoms of ulcerative colitis can be different degrees of severity and location - everything depends on the stage of the disease.
Common symptoms include diarrhea, fever, weakness, vomiting, constipation, abdominal pain, intestinal bleeding, weight reduction, increased frequency of bowel movements to 5-20 p / day, including at night, fatigue.
Can develop and extraintestinal symptoms of uveitis, erythema nodosum, arthritis.
It was also noted that in most cases the disease begins and develops quickly, and more severe symptoms of ulcerative colitis occur in severe cases, it is therefore important at the first sign of similar seek medical help and diagnosis is confirmed to be treated.
Diagnosis of the disease
If ulcerative colitis is mild, it goes without complications diagnosis. And at the first examination after the colonoscopy or rectoscopy diagnosed. With these endoscopic doctor may notice redness, its grain and swelling, hemorrhage, and no vascular pattern on the walls of the intestine.
To confirm the diagnosis carried out laboratory studies of feces, blood test for levels of erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein, hemoglobin.
In rare cases, and apply the method of X-ray studies. Especially useful is the examination when detection of benign colon restrictions necessary to exclude Crohn's disease.
In severe cases the endoscopy and x-rays are contra - limited to the image of the abdominal cavity.
Treatment of ulcerative colitis
Treatment of ulcerative colitis is assigned medication. The patient is prescribed anti-inflammatory agents, such that the immune system is reduced. Apply anti-inflammatory drugs systemically and locally in the form of enemas.
In severe cases, complications of the disease in the intestine fistula formation and malignant tumors, surgical treatment of ulcerative colitis - affected area of intestine removed.
In severe and moderate forms of the disease is shown to bed.
Due to the violation of absorption of nutrients from food bowel, the patient shows a diet.
The meaning of diet for ulcerative colitis - refrain from crude fiber, increase the intake of protein and limit fats. If diarrhea is expressed in colitis, you must limit the flow of fluid.
Recommended products: low-fat varieties of meat, boiled and steamed cooked, pureed oatmeal, eggs, biscuits, toasted white bread, jelly, bird cherry, pomegranate, black currant, blueberry juice or compote, walnuts.
You do not eat fresh vegetables, fruits, dairy products.
During the diet for ulcerative colitis should eat small portions - about six times a day. Dinner should be no later than 21.00.
It is undesirable during treatment with antibiotics - these drugs may aggravate the disease. They are appointed in extreme cases.
Prevention of disease
For the prevention of colitis is necessary to monitor the immunity and nutrition, time to undergo treatment of various diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, to get rid of worms, do not abuse alcohol, to observe good personal hygiene.