General information about the disease
Trichinosis - a natural focal disease, which is caused by Trichinella and is accompanied by fever, allergic reactions, injury to vital systems and organs. Trichinosis occurs in all continents. The highest number of cases recorded in those countries where the population eats pork, bear and badger meat. Generally, Trichinella parasites in more than 70 species of mammals, so you can get infected, and many other animals.
What happens when pathogens enter the body?
Once in the body of the carrier, the first thing the larvae migrate towards skeletal muscle
. There they penetrate the muscle fibers, and continue to develop to the point until they reach the larvae become infective
. In this state, they are surrounded by a special capsule inside which created ideal conditions for the life of parasites
. In addition, with the help of a kind of protective suit pathogens trichinosis easily withstand exposure to acid and alkaline media
. This is a very important point, because the generation of mature Trichinella is developing in the stomach and intestines owner
. In most cases, trichinosis, whose treatment may require a person at any age, is shown after the consumption of insufficiently cooked or fried pork and bacon
. Often, the family identified the outbreak of trichinosis, as contaminated food can simultaneously eat all the family members
Symptoms of trichinosis
Symptoms of trichinosis appear in 10-20 days. Depending on several factors, this period may be reduced or, on the contrary, increase. This effect is well known to doctors rule: the heavier form of the disease, the faster the symptoms of trichinosis. When a particularly malignant course of the first symptoms of trichinosis are observed within 2-3 days after the use of low-quality products, but it is worth noting that in recent years people are increasingly detected asymptomatic trichinosis, whose diagnosis is quite difficult. This is due to the fact that, firstly, the incubation period is increased to 4-5 weeks, and secondly, the disease manifests itself only a slight indisposition and minor pain in the muscles. Accordingly, the first time the doctors trying to treat patients from everything, but not from trichinosis.
In less severe trichinosis manifests itself by a sharp increase in body temperature, weakness, headaches. A few hours after the first symptoms of trichinosis temperature drops to 37-37, 5 degrees and maintained at this level for about a week. Also slight fever, patients may experience pain in the calf and lumbar muscles.
Moderate-severe form of the disease also begins with raising the temperature and fever, but then the patient develops symptoms of trichinosis and others:
- puffiness of the face;
- watery eyes;
- allergic reactions.
Approximately 30% of patients with trichinosis observed pathology of the broncho-pulmonary system: pharyngitis, pneumonia, pleurisy. Sometimes it is extremely difficult to ascertain the place where developing trichinosis - the symptoms disappear, then appear in completely different organs because infiltrates revealed by X-ray examination, often change their location.
In some cases, trichinosis moderate severity is accompanied by lesions of the cardiovascular system. Patients recorded: an increase in heart rate, metabolic disorders in cardiac muscle, voiceless heart tones, shortness of breath. Children to the above pathologies can join defeat the immune system, enlarged lymph nodes and spleen.
Of particular concern are heavy trichinosis, the treatment begins with the relief of acute symptoms. Patients feel a very strong muscle pain. Often they are so intense that one can not make the simplest movements. In addition, considerable inconvenience to patients and gives high temperature. It reaches 40-41 degrees and lasts for a week. Very quickly the patients' swelling on the trunk and limbs that spread to the internal organs and the central nervous system, resulting in improper operation of vital centers. In severe trichinosis also causes numerous pronounced allergic reactions. The rash can occur on all parts of the body and tends to unite the individual lesions in larger formations.
Among other characteristic symptoms of trichinosis severe we would like to note:
- stomach ache;
- violation stool (diarrhea with blood);
- nausea, vomiting;
- enlarged liver and spleen;
- sleep disorders;
- convulsions, delirium;
Many of these lesions may eventually lead to death. For this reason, if in any doubt for trichinosis, treatment should begin as soon as the correct diagnosis. Of course, self-medication using popular recipes in this case is unacceptable. The most frequent causes of death are acute allergic reactions infarction and severe pneumonia accompanied by bronchitis.
Diagnosis of trichinosis
If there are reasonable grounds to believe trichinosis (symptoms appear after eating pork and other characteristic symptoms of the disease), it is necessary to carry out laboratory tests. First of all, the patient is taking a stool, which can detect Trichinella larvae and adult, but the most reliable diagnosis of trichinosis considered a biopsy of muscle tissue and skin and allergy tests.
Treatment of trichinosis
During the treatment of trichinosis experts use mintezolom, albendazole, Vermoxum and antihistamines. When myocarditis and pneumonia patients received corticosteroids. The course of treatment lasts for trichinosis before full recovery of motor skills and the normalization of the functions of internal organs. Muscle pain may persist in this for the next 3-6 months, so people are encouraged to walk in the fresh air and exercise.