Brief description of the disease
Flat feet - a rather paradoxical disease. On the one hand, I hear about it every man, but on the other - very few people are exactly how it manifests itself, what degree of flatfoot exist dangerous than the disease. We have tried to answer these and many other questions in this article.
As you know, in a normal, natural state of the human foot has two sets - a longitudinal (along the inner edge) and the transverse (between fingers near their bases). These vaults perform a very important function - to maintain balance while walking and protects the bones from excessive loads. In the absence of foot pathology successfully cope with this task, in conjunction with strong ligaments and muscles. Flat feet in children and adults is manifested in the case when the musculo-ligamentous apparatus is weakened. This settles the foot becomes flat (which is why the disease gets its name), loses the ability to perform spring (damper) function. Depending on which set undergoes pathological changes, emit:
- flat cross - flatness of the forefoot;
- longitudinal flat - flattening the longitudinal arch;
- combined form - are subject to both sets of changes.
When flat feet from shaking while walking and other body load will protect the spine and joints, however, they do not cope with this task, as originally intended at all for another. As a result, flat feet, symptoms of which may occur at any age, leads to a rapid conclusion of the joint system. Therein lies the main danger of this disease, since the patient is suffering not only from rapid fatigue, but also permanent, rather severe pain when walking, abnormal posture disorders, arthritis, and other serious disorders.
Types of flatfoot
Typology of flat based on the reasons leading to the development of the disease. Researchers identify:
- congenital flat feet in children - is rare, is the result of defects created during the formation and development of the fetus;
- acquired flatfoot - can occur at any age, is divided into traumatic, rachitic, paralytic and static;
- Traumatic - this form is manifested after injuries, fractures of the foot bones, soft tissue injuries;
- rachitic flat - treatment of this type of illness is required after suffering rickets, which disrupts the natural formation of the bones of the foot;
- static form - her appearance is associated with excess weight, too heavy loads on the foot, such as during exercise, as well as some other factors;
- paralytic flat - occurs after the paralysis of muscles of the foot, typical for polio and other orthopedic diseases.
Flatfoot - symptoms and clinical picture
The main symptoms of the disease are readily determined without any special diagnostic procedures. When flat feet:
- footwear and tread down to the outer and inner side;
- quickly the feeling of fatigue when walking;
- appear cramps and swelling in the legs;
- Shoes have to buy one, or even two sizes larger (this is due to the fact that increasing the width of the foot).
I would like to note that the above symptoms are typical for some other diseases, so at the first unpleasant sensations you had better see a doctor, who will examine the foot and if necessary send vac on radiographic study for an accurate diagnosis.
The severity of the disease depends on how severe the pathological changes occurred with the foot and ligament apparatus.
At an early stage of the disease, doctors identify mild dysfunction feet, accompanied by fatigue at the end of the day. Foot shape is not changed.
I degree flatfoot - Symptoms are more pronounced, with pressure on the foot pain appear lighter. By evening, the human foot is often swollen, but once again returns to its normal shape after the holidays.
Grade II - foot flattens, arches virtually disappear, which leads to considerable difficulties in walking. Pain cover the entire leg, characterized by high intensity and duration.
III degree - in this case the flat in children and adults leads to a pronounced deformation of foot, strong pain when walking, reducing disability and decline in the quality of life. Move people in ordinary shoes are no longer able.
Note also that the degree of flat pretty quickly follow each other because of the rapid progression of the disease. This means that the earlier you see your doctor, the better the chance of avoiding serious complications - pain, clubfoot disproportionately lower limbs, diseases of feet, joints and hip device.
Flat feet - treatment and prevention of disease
Many people believe that to treat flat feet - just. In fact, in the later stages of the disease to get rid of foot deformities it is very difficult and sometimes even impossible. In this case, flat feet in children and adults can only slow down, but not completely cured. That is why it is so important early diagnosis of the disease and timely treatment to the doctor.
And the longitudinal and transverse flat cured only through an integrated approach. To remove the pain used physiotherapy and drugs. Very effective therapeutic exercises, which can be done in the home. It strengthens the ligaments, trains muscles, generates the correct posture and walking stereotype. An effective set of exercises may appoint a doctor as a different flat manifests itself depending on the rate of development of disease, the patient's age and other factors.
To improve the blood circulation in the feet patients prescribed foot bath and massage treatments. It will be useful and special orthopedic insoles that unload the painful areas, adjusting the initial strain of the disease. Launched flat, the symptoms of which are particularly bright, corrected by orthopedic shoes, made to order.
Surgery is true in those cases when the disease leads to severe pain, and inability to move independently even in special shoes.
Is it possible to prevent the emergence and development of diseases of the foot arch? Yes, you can! Prevention of flatfoot is choosing the right safety shoes, regular check-ups by a specialist orthopedic and limiting stress on the foot.