removal of a tooth
Extractions several centuries ago and today
This well-known and, frankly, unpleasant procedure as tooth extraction is quite formal medical name - ekzodontiya. It is used by man since ancient times, but it should be noted that a few centuries ago, tooth extraction was used mainly in the murderous purposes - for intimidation and torture of unwanted people. Over time ekzodontii functions have changed somewhat, but that it does not become less dangerous. Until the discovery of antibiotics and the adequate instruments, the removal of the nerve of the tooth and other dental procedures were associated with a very real risk of death. Simply put, people often died from a variety of infections that they skid homegrown Aesculapius.
For the first time more or less secure method of removing a tooth discovered medieval dentist Guy de Sholiak. He invented the "dental pelican" - the original device, with which managed to carefully remove the damaged tooth with a root. Thanks to "pelican", managed to make even the removal of a wisdom tooth, and this, so you know, one of the most difficult and time-consuming procedures in dentistry. "Dental Pelican" Guy de Sholiaka was popular until the late 18th century, when it replaced by more modern technologies and tools.
Today, extractions and nerves remains responsible and complex operation that requires a certain level of skill artist. Furthermore, after the forced removal of the damaged tooth in humans often have serious complications. For this reason, dentists prefer to resort to surgery only when it is really necessary in order to relieve the patients from infections, inflammation, and other risks.
The main causes of tooth extractions
- significant damage to tooth decay or an infection;
- gum disease spread to healthy tissue of the jaw apparatus;
- tooth decay as a result of accidents, fights and other external influences;
- tooth extraction is performed, and if it interferes with the normal growth of the other teeth;
- special case - the removal of wisdom teeth, which in the case of improper germination can change the symmetry of the face and bite.
Methods of extraction of teeth
These days have spread two ways to remove the teeth - a simple and surgical. The first involves removing the visible tooth under local anesthesia. During the procedure, the removal of the tooth the dentist uses special tools that allow you to lift the tooth and pull it out of the cavity. Before that, the tooth is loosened to compromise the integrity of periodontal tissues and to facilitate the task.
Surgical removal of the tooth is used in cases where the difficult access to the damaged tooth, for example, when it does not cut through or break off a crown (upper portion). Before the start of operations to remove the tooth dentist is obliged to conduct a full examination of the patient to choose the optimal method of intervention. In some cases it will be advisable to cut the jaw bone, and in others - limited only by excision of soft tissue. Note also that in some situations it may be impossible to make a tooth extraction (complications lead to very grave consequences). In such cases, the dentist decides to split the tooth and removing it in parts.
Features wisdom tooth removal
Wisdom tooth is often the cause of health problems due to the fact that he can not normally be cut. This leads to discomfort when chewing, and other serious consequences, such as: an increased risk of infections, the development of inflammation, swelling and pain syndrome. If time does not produce the removal of a wisdom tooth, complications, sooner or later, affect the healthy tissue, will contribute to the development of tumor and cystic processes. Timely removal of wisdom teeth saves you from these problems and allow for many years to maintain healthy teeth and an attractive smile. Please note only that the removal of wisdom teeth should be done only by professionals, since its roots are deep in the gums and have the most fantastic shapes, which greatly complicates the recovery process.
Briefly tell about the possible problems that occur after the removal of wisdom teeth:
- pain, occurrence of edema in the soft tissues;
- prolonged bleeding;
- inflammation of the wells;
- difficulty opening the mouth;
- injury to the nerves, resulting in numbness of the lips, teeth and oral cavity;
- damage to adjacent teeth or dentures;
- a broken jaw, caused a lot of pressure, which the surgeon has to the damaged area of the mouth.
If there is a wrong tooth extraction, complications sometimes have very, very serious consequences. For example, the inflammatory process may begin to spread to healthy tissue. Of course, this leads to new problems and regular removal of damaged teeth.
What if the toothache after removal?
Any intervention, not to mention such a serious procedure, as removal of a tooth nerve entails pain and discomfort. However, you can reduce the negative impact to a minimum, if you stick to the simple rules:
- refrain from eating food for at least 3 hours after tooth extraction;
- to-day operations postpone a planned trip to the sauna or bath;
- do not eat too hot food;
- Do not touch the itchy place of the language or any foreign objects;
- 2-3 days refuse brushing teeth;
- Limit your physical activity, as they can cause new bleeding.
Many people strive to get to the dental chair immediately after the removal of wisdom tooth. should not be doing that. Even after a simple extraction of the patient should sit quietly for 10-15 minutes. In the case of surgical intervention in removing the tooth is better to extend this period to one hour, so that the blood had time to thicken and close the wound. In addition, within a few days after the tooth extraction, you must comply with all recommendations of the physician and provide post-operative care of the oral cavity. When severe pain should take painkillers (except aspirin and aspirinosoderzhaschih means that thin the blood).
If you did everything right, but still there are complaints form "toothache after removal", it means that you develop any complications. In this case it is necessary to revisit the doctor for the prevention of adverse changes and may reoperation.