Tonsillitis - inflammation of tonsils. There are acute and chronic tonsillitis, acute tonsillitis called angina.
Causes of tonsillitis
Tonsillitis is an infection, and in some cases, an infectious-allergic disease transmitted by airborne droplets. Sometimes, tonsillitis in children, and can be transmitted by the fecal-oral route. Pathogens are bacteria and viruses. A viral infection that causes tonsillitis is particularly active in the autumn and winter, the same viruses that cause acute respiratory disease SARS and contribute to the development of tonsillitis. Subsequently, can join a bacterial infection, in most cases, streptococcal tonsillitis. For the occurrence of tonsillitis, in addition to the infectious agent, you need to lowered immunity, which often happens during colds, exhaustion, poor nutrition, and especially the combination of these factors.
Types of tonsillitis
Tonsillitis is acute or chronic.
Acute tonsillitis (angina), depending on the clinical features are divided into the following forms:
- Mixed form.
Chronic tonsillitis can be simple and toxic-allergic. Simple chronic tonsillitis manifested only local symptoms, toxic-allergic accompanied by a significant deterioration of the general condition of the body (lymphadenitis complications of the cardiovascular system, joints, kidneys, etc.).
Symptoms of tonsillitis
Symptoms of tonsillitis in the acute form of the disease (angina), as follows: severe pain in the throat, worse when swallowing, the feeling of compression, difficulty breathing. Deteriorating general condition of the body, there is a weakness, malaise, fever, aching joints, headache. The temperature may rise significantly - 38-39 ° C.
Symptoms of tonsillitis in the chronic form are similar, but somewhat less pronounced. Pain and temperature are usually absent, may be only a slight pain on swallowing, it interferes with the feeling of sore throat, bad breath. The general condition of the body suffers, but not as pronounced as in acute tonsillitis.
Tonsillitis in children more severe than in adults. Because of severe pain in the throat child may refuse to eat and drink, often raising the temperature in children accompanied by nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
A characteristic symptom of tonsillitis in all its forms is an increase in the tonsils that can be seen with the naked eye. A significant increase in the palatine tonsils, bright red (acute tonsillitis) or congestive red (chronic tonsillitis) color. Depending on the form of tonsillitis may be covered by their bloom, pustules, films and ulcerations.
Diagnosis of tonsillitis
Diagnosis is based on characteristic symptoms of tonsillitis, common, and mostly local. In severe is acute tonsillitis or persistent course of chronic tonsillitis conducted bacteriological research (bakposev) the contents of the lacunae of the tonsils in order to identify the causative agent, and immunological study of blood.
How to treat tonsillitis
A few years ago there is no doubt as to treat tonsillitis - of course, with antibiotics. It turns out, is not so simple, and in some cases, antibiotics may do more harm than good, and some are completely irreplaceable. However, the exact answer to the question how to treat tonsillitis, is one word - immediately. Despite the seemingly harmless disease ("nonsense, who was ill with angina?") Tonsillitis, especially streptococcal etiology, can cause serious complications, the cause of which is the violation of immunity. According to some sources, in most cases, glomerulonephritis (severe renal impairment), and rheumatism (in which the heart is suffering) is guilty tonsillitis, did not receive adequate treatment.
So, how to treat tonsillitis? Tonsillitis in a simple form requires active local antibiotic therapy. Irrigation, rinsing with antiseptic solutions, resorption candies containing antibiotics, treatment of tonsils iodine-containing drugs, inhalation - all you need to do all the time, every hour or two, to cleanse the tonsils. Neck warm dry heat (woolen bandage, scarf), appoint an abundant warm drink. In the acute form of the disease as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are administered with the analgesic and antipyretic effect. Antibiotics in this case is not recommended, since they inhibit local immunity.
Severe angina require prescription of bed rest and the use of antibiotics. This topical treatment should be the same intensity as in the simple form.
In fact, how to treat tonsillitis, chronic, medical opinion is currently divided. Earlier received treatment consisted in-one appointment surgical removal of the tonsils. Now, however, due to the accumulated information about complications tonsillectomy (removal of tonsils), most otolaryngologists not recommended to rush into surgery. In chronic tonsillitis identify the pathogen, carried etiotropic (directed against a specific pathogen) treatment, concurrently assigned inflammatory, immune-boosting and strengthening means and methods of physical therapy, and all this intensive course, and if necessary, repeat the treatment.
The lack of results of several courses of intensive therapy of chronic tonsillitis, frequent (2 to 4 per year) relapse and symptoms of rheumatoid lesions of other organs (heart, kidneys, joints) are an indication for surgical removal of the tonsils.
Tonsillitis Treatment folk remedies
Tonsillitis Treatment of folk remedies can be very effective, and usually the traditional drug therapy tonsillitis folk remedies used as a necessary complement. However, not recommended for this treatment themselves on their own, without consulting a doctor, because the application of mere folk remedies tonsillitis can go into complications or chronic.
From folk remedies treatment of tonsillitis are widely used rinse decoction of herbs (chamomile, marshmallow, sage, mother and stepmother, calendula and others.), 1-1, 5% hydrogen peroxide solution, a solution of soda, salt and warm water. Do inhalations decoction of herbs (eucalyptus, sage, chamomile, etc.). As a tonic effective use of honey and other bee products (royal jelly, propolis, pollen). As an immunostimulatory agents prescribed herbal extracts of marshmallow, horsetail, Siberian Ginseng, Echinacea purpurea.
Tonsillitis Treatment of folk remedies can be carried out in the absence of individual intolerance of medicinal plants and bee products.