Brief description of the disease
Thrombophlebitis - a disease characterized by inflammation of the vein wall and thrombus formation on it. First, there is phlebitis - inflammation of the veins. If untreated, as a result of inflammation in the wall of the vein irregularities are formed, a slowing of blood flow in these areas of blood clots, called thrombi. Most often developed thrombophlebitis of the limbs.
Causes of thrombophlebitis
Thrombophlebitis can trigger infectious agents, as well as violation of the integrity of the venous wall. The infection can get on the wall of the vein from the surrounding tissues, and transported through the blood and lymph. Thrombophlebitis can cause diseases such as influenza, tuberculosis, erysipelas, tonsillitis, pneumonia, scarlet fever, tooth decay. Varicose veins, pregnancy, long bed rest, weak cardiac activity lead to a slowdown of current venous blood, which may arise as a result of thrombophlebitis.
Another reason for the disease is a change in the composition of blood and blood clotting ability. This may occur with the introduction of certain medications, blood clots. Immunosuppression and violation of the nervous and endocrine systems in some cases may be predisposing factors for developing the disease. The emergence of the disease can provoke abortion, surgery, trauma, and prolonged catheterization of veins.
Types of thrombophlebitis
There are acute and chronic thrombophlebitis, thrombophlebitis, depending on the location of veins - thrombophlebitis deep and superficial veins.
Acute deep vein thrombophlebitis develops suddenly and quickly. There is pain at the site of injury, edema, fever, there is a deterioration of the general condition of the patient. In the absence of or delay in the treatment of deep vein thrombosis can take a chronic form.
Chronic deep venous thrombosis is characterized by periodic exacerbations, prolonged course of illness. Thrombophlebitis limbs appear edema, which increases with prolonged standing or walking. The pain can disturb not strong or absent.
Thrombophlebitis of superficial veins in the acute form is characterized by a stabbing pain along the diseased saphenous vein, edema of the limbs. The body in the visible red stripes that appear in places affected veins, the feeling soreness and seal veins. There is a rise in temperature to 38 ° C, an increase in lymph nodes. If the disease is not treated, it can take a chronic form or trigger the development of cellulitis or abscess.
Symptoms of thrombophlebitis
Thrombophlebitis Symptoms depend on its shape and location.
Thrombophlebitis characterized by limb pain and swelling, fever. Symptoms of thrombophlebitis in the defeat of deep vein - so strong that leave them unattended impossible. Severe pain causes the patient to seek medical care or use of folk remedies. When thrombophlebitis leg edema in addition, there is a feeling of fullness and pressure in the leg, it feels cooler than cool.
When thrombophlebitis limb skin - pale and shiny, can be tinged with blue. And changes color in the course of the inflamed vein - appears red. Acute thrombophlebitis can go into purulent, which is characterized by the appearance of lesions at the site of ulcers and abscesses. Lack of treatment can lead to cellulitis - purulent inflammation of the subcutaneous tissue.
Treatment of thrombophlebitis
Treatment thrombophlebitis depends on the shape and localization, and can be conservative and surgical.
Conservative treatment involves strict bed rest with the ability to keep the skin surface on the dais. For this purpose the tire. In subacute and chronic form is allowed to apply a hot compress to improve circulation.
Treatment of thrombophlebitis hot compress in the acute form - contraindicated. In order to reduce the pain, by used blockade Wisniewski (novocaine injection into the affected tissue side). Good effect in the chronic form of the disease gives physiotherapy. Treatment of thrombophlebitis includes receiving anticoagulants - drugs that reduce blood clotting. You can apply hirudotherapy, if there are contraindications to receiving anticoagulants. Leeches thin the blood and reduce clotting.
Surgical treatment includes operations such as tying veins venectomy, dissection and excision of nodes saphenous veins, which are blood clots.
People's treatment of thrombophlebitis
People's treatment of thrombophlebitis is used to reduce symptoms of the disease: pain, swelling and inflammation of veins.
To reduce the inflammation is applied to the affected veins of the leaves of lilac, used the infusion of nettle leaves. It is necessary to follow a diet that excludes meat intake, fish and any fried food.
It is also used herbs such as yarrow, immortelle. Good help birch leaves, buckthorn bark, leaves cranberries. Of grass and leaves make a decoction and drink it before meals.
For compresses well suited alcoholate acacia flowers, it is a good means of resolving. You can bandage with sea buckthorn oil.
In any case, national treatment of thrombophlebitis must necessarily be under the supervision of a doctor. Uncontrolled use of folk remedies can not.