The tumor, which is located inside different tissues, sometimes atypical for this body, called teratoma, which translated from Greek means "a monstrous tumor." Such intimidating name the disease is obliged that within the tumor may be the teeth, hair, eyes, bone, connective, muscle, nerve, and other epithelial tissue, and other organs.
This happens for the reason that the teratoma developing germ cells capable of regenerate any tissue in the human body. The most complex structure in the teratomas, which are formed in the very early development of the embryo. If the tumor arises later, when it formed the rudiment of an organ or tissue, it is more uniform in composition.
The disease usually manifests itself during childhood or adolescence. The most common teratoma formed in the gonads: ovaries - for women in the testes - male. Children develop mainly coccygeal teratoma in the sacrococcygeal spine. Much less the tumor is localized in other organs. In all cases, removes teratoma.
Teratomas can be either benign or malignant course.
Types of teratoma
Chromosomal abnormalities of cells leads to tumor formation. Depending on what constitutes a deviation from the norm, distinguish between immature and mature teratomas.
About immature teratoma evidenced by the presence in the tumor tissue, which is difficult to determine the type. The most common tumor is malignant course. In a mature teratoma clearly traced elements inherent human tissues: the nervous, muscular, connective or fat.
Mature immature teratoma characterized by not only in appearance but different growth characteristics. For example, mature teratoma of the testicles in men can sometimes acquire malignant course, while ovarian teratoma of the same kind in women for the most part is a benign tumor.
In turn are divided into mature teratoma cystic and solid. Cystic tumor is large, a smooth surface that contains one or more cavities filled with muddy contents. Inside them may be fragments of cartilage, teeth or hair.
Solid mature teratoma is a dense tumor formation in different sizes, the surface of which can be both smooth and bumpy. Teratoma-uniform in structure within the fabric may be of unknown origin, and the small size of the cyst with mucus or fluid.
In its dense consistency found teratoma consisting only of fabrics and tsistoteratomy, where there is also a liquid.
As a rule, obvious symptoms of malignant teratoma appear in current or significant tumor growth. In other cases, the condition of patients do not suffer too much, teratoma is a long time "dumb." When tumor formation becomes large, symptoms characteristic of displacement or compression of organs. For example, when there teratoma mediastinal chest discomfort and swelling in the lungs provides dyspnea.
When ovarian teratomas may appear periodically complaints a feeling of heaviness in the lower abdomen. If it comes torsion legs cyst, the symptoms are similar to the clinic "acute abdomen." Testicular teratoma is visible to the eye as an increase in the scrotum by the resultant swelling. Accession pain suggests that the process becomes malignant.
In children, most of the tumor is localized in the sacrum, coccyx and the perineum. The oil teratoma can be different sizes and shapes. More education hinder the normal life of the child, as he find it difficult to urinate and to defecate. Often there are congenital teratoma. Prenatal development of the child is violated the stronger than before occurred tab preen teratoma. After birth defects become apparent soft tissue and skeletal injuries.
Treating any form teratomas - only operative when torsion legs cystic teratoma of the ovary surgery is performed on an emergency basis. The volume of surgery depends on the size of the tumor, the patient's age, localization of teratomas and related diseases.
When operations often have to pump out large amounts of liquids. Surgical suction let you do it quickly and efficiently.
Girls and young women in the removal of teratoma lesions of the pelvic organs is carried out against the backdrop of a partial resection of the ovaries. While women in menopause shows the complete removal of the uterus with two appendages.
Because of the propensity to form a transition to a malignant and metastasize to lymph nodes testicular teratoma treatment is not only to remove the tumor, but also in the use of radiation therapy in conjunction with assignment of anticancer drugs. The same comprehensive approach is practiced in other locales teratomas, if they are combined with other tumors or susceptible to malignant transformation.
In most cases, the prognosis is favorable, but to a large extent, it depends on where in the tumor was formed, how it was timely and appropriate treatment. Teratoma, which is complicated for some cancers, runs less smoothly. In such cases, even the removal of teratoma and other entities does not guarantee full recovery.