From the moment of conception until its birth the human body goes a long way. During this time, many factors may have the most negative impact on the formation of the growing child and, thereby, contribute to the onset of the various congenital anomalies. One of them is syndactyly - deformation of the hands or feet, and the opportunity to combine the affected limb. This newborn celebrated the joining of two or more fingers together. This malformation may be caused by a variety of reasons.
Syndactyly, the reasons
Most often syndactyly occurs on the upper limbs. According to the sometimes malformation may suffer several members of one family, suggesting the possibility of the hereditary nature of the defect. If the child's relatives such anomalies were noted, it has been associated with exposure to various negative factors on the fetus in utero.
Cause syndactyly reasons can not be considered "highly specialized". They can disrupt the formation and all other organs and systems of the growing organism. As is known, any adverse effect on the future mother directly affects the health of her baby. Factors that disrupts the normal development of the fetus include: occupational hazards in the workplace, adverse environmental conditions, infections of the mother during gestation.
Brush the baby begin to take shape by the end of the first month of pregnancy, when a woman is not always aware that the child is. In this regard, may develop various defects, including syndactyly, the causes of which set is problematic. Initially the brush fetus is a physiological fusion of rudiments of fingers. In the second month of pregnancy, the growth in length, they begin to separate, acquiring its natural form. During this period any of pathological factors may play a negative role in the resulting fingers are not disconnected.
In addition to congenital abnormalities may occur and acquired syndactyly. It occurs in both children and adults due to thermal or chemical burns brush.
Syndactyly not always an isolated defect, especially if hereditary origin. Quite often it is combined with other malformations, especially those that are related to damages of human chromosomes. Also, pathological Connect fingers may occur in congenital defects of the musculoskeletal system. Classification syndactyly depends on the affected fingers, type of seam, and by extension the available adhesion.
The compound may have the form of a thin membrane, skin bridges with the inclusion of soft tissue or dense bone formation. It is possible to fusion or the entire length or only over one or two phalanges. The complexity of the syndactyly determines the status of the affected finger defect. These may be normal or have developed any musculoskeletal abnormalities.
Syndactyly which affect primarily fingers upper limb is significant cosmetic defect. In addition, poor performance of its functions as a brush has a very adverse effect on the formation of the child's personality. Syndactyly, because the performance of differential movements of the fingers is severely limited or impossible, leading to secondary defects. They manifest themselves in violation of psychomotor, speech and, in some cases, the intellectual development of the child.
Eliminate a congenital lack of beauty as syndactyly and eliminate its negative effects on the baby, allows early treatment of this disease.
Separation of conjoined fingers is carried out only by surgical methods. When syndactyly surgical treatment to the upper limbs. Explained by the existing medical practice that such an anomaly of a serious cosmetic defect, and significantly impairs the function of the hand. As a result, he suffers from mental and physical development of the child. Surgical intervention is on the fingers of the lower extremities is carried out only when the actual defect substantially interfere with normal walking.
In all types of syndactyly operation is usually performed when the child reaches the age of 4-5 years. The only exception is the option of a birth defect where there is a bone compound terminal phalanges. In this case, the division produced in the second half of the first year of baby's life, because the lack of timely surgical intervention leads to the development of secondary deformities of fingers.
When syndactyly operation consists in the surgical division of the fingers, followed by the closure of the wound surface formed by small pieces of skin tissue of the patient. The recovery period is 3-4 months, during which time it takes for a night to fix the fingers fully extended position with plaster removable tire. Postoperative treatment of syndactyly also includes massage, exercise therapy, physiotherapy, mud applications.
As is well known, means the appearance of most modern medicine malformations prevent virtually impossible. However, there are no current treatments allow us to successfully resolve many congenital anomalies, including syndactyly. Timely conduct of surgery allows a child with such a defect, develop on a par with their peers and subsequently lead a full life.