Muscle rigidity - is increasing their tone and steady resistance of the deforming force. It is a consequence of pathological changes of functional activity of the central and peripheral nervous systems. Criterion for assessment of muscle tone is an important symptom in the diagnosis of diseases caused by these violations.
Reasons stiffness of neck and shoulder muscles
Painful stiffness in the muscles may be due to occupational rights. Long-term state of tension, combined with the limited mobility of neck and shoulder muscles, resulting in spasm. Blood circulation caused by increased muscle tone appears aching sensations in the occipital region, and does not require treatment. Regular performance of elementary exercise restores blood circulation and relieves fatigue.
Sustained muscle stiffness in the neck and shoulders, which is accompanied by severe pain at the slightest movement and other symptoms may be caused by a number of serious pathologies. Diseases that cause muscle stiffness:
Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, arthritis
. They are characterized by degenerative articular cartilage disorders caused by excessive load, metabolic disorders and posture, injuries and other causes
. Symptoms of osteoarthritis in addition to stiff neck accompanied by pain of the head, upper limbs and shoulders
. Severe dizziness thus may be aggravated by a decrease in vision, hearing
. Referred pain in the chest is angina symptoms
. For accurate diagnosis is necessary to study using magnetic resonance imaging
. Drug treatment involves a comprehensive approach, and should take place under medical supervision, it is intended to relieve inflammation and pain in the joints, causing the aggravation
. When stiff neck also shows the use of drugs, reducing blood circulation and muscle tone
. Accelerate rehabilitation physiotherapy and massage;
Injuries to the neck. They may cause stretching and cervical dislocation. As a rule, often accompanied by pain and dizziness, decrease in the sensitivity of the hands. The close proximity of the arteries that provide blood flow to the brain, causing a great danger in the displacement of the cervical vertebrae. Diagnosis based only on MRI. Treatment of muscle tension against the backdrop of anti-inflammatory therapy involves effective methods of removing the tension of the muscles through massage and acupuncture. For complex trauma surgery is indicated. The recovery process contributes to wearing orthopedic collar;
Torticollis. Defective cervical spine, provoking a head turning in the opposite direction. Report skeleton leads to a change in the soft tissue and muscle. The disease is most often congenital in nature, it may be due to birth trauma or wrong formed intrauterine fetal position. The cause of acquired torticollis are dislocations of the cervical vertebrae, abnormal position of the head, caused by the deterioration of hearing and vision, professional activities. Stiff neck caused by a prolonged forced position of the head. Treatment is determined by the cause of the disease. Congenital form involves surgery. Manual therapy is effective regardless of the cause of torticollis;
Bleeding in the brain, encephalitis, meningitis. Diseases associated with blood circulation and inflammation of the human brain, causing increased muscle tone in various stages of development. Severe headache, high fever, sensitivity to light, nausea are symptoms during each of these diseases. The increased muscle tone in the background of these symptoms is very dangerous. Stiff neck muscles at the same time appears sharp in passive resistance attempt to tilt the head to the chest and is one of the early signs of meningitis. For accurate diagnosis of inflammation is necessary to study cerebrospinal fluid, and computed tomography shows a lesion in brain damage. Therapy is aimed at the adoption of emergency measures for the treatment of the underlying disease;
Parkinsonism. The neurological syndrome caused by the disease are associated with brain damage, as well as the toxic poisoning of the body. It is characterized by tremors and muscular rigidity of the body legs, hands, neck and face. Treatment involves supportive therapy.
Stiff muscles in children
Increased muscle tone is often present in infants, it is a natural character, and during the first months of life, muscle stiffness usually goes away. Violation of the formation of the peripheral nervous system of the child indicated by the following factors:
Sandwiched position in which the knees are drawn in to the body;
Violation of reflexes;
Stiff leg muscles.
If a neurologist at survey not noticed positive results in muscle tone of the child, it is necessary emergency treatment, normalizing the nervous system and muscle activity. The lack of timely assistance to the child leads to a lag in the neuro-psychological and physical development. He later begins to crawl, stand up on your feet and walk at the same time does not occur on the whole foot, but moves on tiptoe. Treatment of muscle rigidity baby include drugs, physical therapy and massage.