Brief description of the disease
Seborrhea (seborrheic dermatitis) - a chronic skin disease associated with sebaceous glands of the face, skin folds and the scalp. Currently, seborrhea is widely spread, especially among the strong half of mankind. The disease causes the sebaceous glands to produce increased amounts of secretions, which contains too many fatty acids. As a result, seborrhea, treatment is often needed for young people aged 25 to 27 years, resulting in deformation of the skin, hair loss and other serious consequences.
The disease can develop on the skin of any part of the body, but the most widespread defeat of so-called T-zone (seborrhea of the face, affecting the forehead, nose and chin). Also at risk is and décolleté, ie chest and back. This localization is because on these parts of the body is the highest number of sebaceous glands.
The medicine is customary to distinguish two forms of the disease:
- oily seborrhea - is manifested in increased greasiness of the skin, constant itching and hair loss. Depending on the intensity of the process, there can be a situation in which the head seborrhea lead to complete baldness in just a few years, which is very unpleasant in adolescence. In addition, the oily seborrhea causes a change in the skin, which becomes a grayish color and begins to resemble the wrinkled orange peel. Also in this form of the disease on the skin of black spots appear. Often, this process is accompanied by the formation of light yellow cysts - whiteheads.
- dry seborrhea is characterized by brittle hair, dandruff and other defects in hairy areas of the head. In these places, our skin is especially sensitive to the composition of the water and the action of cosmetics, it is not surprising that seborrhea an effect precisely on hairy areas. Frequent washing amplifies the negative effect of symptoms, in particular, it promotes the formation of comedones, tightness of the skin and unpleasant itching.
Seborrhea - symptoms
As dry seborrhea and oily form of the disease leads to:
- of oily skin;
- peeling of the skin;
- unpleasant itching;
- hair loss.
In addition to the above features seborrhea head, the treatment to be carried out as quickly as possible, resulting in the formation of dandruff. Update cells occurs in all human beings without exception, but with seborrhea this activity takes place much faster.
Seborrhea - treatment of the disease
If a person is diagnosed with a seborrhea scalp, treatment similar to those procedures that we use to get rid of dandruff. The most effective shampoos have containing zinc pyrithione, salicylic acid, tar, selenium sulphide and ketoconazole. Please note only that the frequent use of selenium sulfide contributes to more intensive work of the sebaceous glands and may aggravate the disease. Besides cosmetics, seborrhea scalp is treated with corticosteroids.
When seborrhea observe a strict diet, give up the fried, spicy, spicy and fatty foods. From the diet also eliminates sweets, including chocolate. All these products contribute to the development of fat and detrimental impact on the status of the internal organs. Useful properties are cereals, fruits, vegetables, salads, dressed with mayonnaise are not, and vegetable oil, and dairy products.
If a person has manifested seborrhea of the skin, the treatment is to restore the normal functioning of the autonomic and digestive systems. For this purpose, the patient is prescribed drugs that normalize the digestive tract, multivitamins, minerals (zinc, sulfur).
In the early stages shows very good results topical treatment. The affected skin is treated with a weak solution of calendula, salicylic or boric acid, valerian. Lubrication is not only clean the surface of the skin, but also prevent the development of all kinds of inflammatory reactions. Simultaneously with the alcohol-based solution is recommended to use exfoliating agent. Especially useful vitamins and herbal creams, which contain various antiseptics. Most patients received antifungal drugs, but in the case of seborrhea they act more as a preventive means that prevent the re-emergence of the disease.