Curvature of the spine in either direction from the normal position became known as scoliosis. The localization of its capabilities in the cervical, thoracic and lumbar spine. Among the diseases of the spine scoliosis is the most common.
The main danger lies in scoliosis that is not just a cosmetic defect, and the deformation of the spinal column, which is a serious health threat. Offset vertebrae and adjacent vessels and nerves, leading to disruption of the normal functioning of all systems and organs. As a result, scoliosis facilitates development of various diseases, the progression of back pain, limitation of active movements and deformations of the spine in the chest.
Among the main causes of scoliosis, experts call a family history of dysplasia of bone, muscle and connective tissue, as well as spontaneous mutation of genes, disorders of the central nervous system and a sedentary lifestyle.
Classification of scoliosis
Scoliosis - multifaceted disease at diagnosis specialists are guided by the anatomical features of the patient's age, the location and shape of the curve. Are taken into account and the reasons for that could provoke a curvature of the spine.
There are simple and complex scoliosis. In the first case, the disease occurs almost immediately after birth because of any defects such as shortening of a limb or an inflammatory process in the tissue near the spine. When the cause that caused the curvature recovery occurs.
The complex scoliosis divided in turn into congenital and acquired. In most cases, bending of the spine is a result of inherited diseases of bone or connective tissue, hypoplasia or deformation of the vertebrae, as well as after neyroinfektsy.
Acquired scoliosis is rheumatism, rickets, paralysis after different etiology, trauma, extensive burns.
Of particular concern are the so-called school scoliosis when absolutely healthy child is formed curvature of the spine in any direction because of the long sitting behind a desk arranged correctly, wearing bags in the same hand, and similar actions.
As the number of bends scoliosis is simple displacement of the spine to one side, complicated when there are several variations in different directions, and total, when many distortions.
Depending on the location distinguish cervicothoracic scoliosis, thoracic, lumbar, thoracic, lumbar and combined types.
Also distinguish scoliosis at the time of their appearance. If signs of disease are observed between the first and second year after the birth, it is a question of infantile scoliosis. Juvenile called curvature of the spine, which appeared in the period between four and six years of life. Scoliosis, developed in the age of 10-14 years, was named adolestsentny.
The degree of scoliosis
In all there are four degrees of scoliosis:
The first degree is characterized by the stoop, the asymmetry of the waist, shoulders and information constantly bowed head. In a standing position bending the spine virtually unnoticed. Scoliosis 1 degree is determined only when the body is tilted forward when the line one shoulder slightly overpriced.
When scoliosis of 2 degrees is observed slight asymmetry contours of the neck, a slight lowering of the pelvis on the affected side. It becomes noticeable curvature of the spine in the standing position. When tilting the torso forward at 2 degrees of scoliosis appears protrusion in the thoracic region.
Severe asymmetry of the blades and a marked curvature of the spine arc characteristic of the third degree scoliosis. The chest is deformed so that some edges sink, while others bulge, muscle contraction is determined. When you lean forward in a patient can see well-defined rib hump.
Roughly deformity of the spine, stretch the muscles in the area of curvature, a pronounced rib hump, ceasing concave edges in place are the hallmarks of the fourth degree of scoliosis.
Treatment of scoliosis
In the appointment of treatment for scoliosis draws attention to the patient's age, the degree of curvature of the spine, and a variety of diseases. In modern medicine is practiced conservative and surgical approach to solving problems. The intervention of surgeons is useful when running forms the third and fourth degrees. Treatment of scoliosis of the first two degrees, and not complicated forms of 3 degrees is performed on an outpatient basis.
The main objectives in the treatment of scoliosis are striving to reduce the deformation of the spine, straighten your back, slow down the progression of the disease, increase the amount of running movements and adjust metabolic processes.
The emphasis in the treatment of scoliosis is on an individual gymnastics, massage, orthopedic correction, physiotherapy and swimming. Exercises for scoliosis are selected in such a way that while having been involved all groups of muscles. As a result, strengthened muscular corset, through which the spinal column is held in the correct position, improve posture, stabilize the state, will be made tonic effect. Hawaiian Lomi Lomi Nui has a good relaxing effect.
Not recommended for scoliosis exercises aimed at increasing the flexibility of the spine. Exercise therapy is indicated for all stages of the disease, but the best results can be achieved by performing a specially selected exercises for scoliosis of the first two degrees.
Sometimes, to get rid of curvature are turning to chiropractors. But experts warn that the manipulation can only be used in conjunction with other treatments. In addition, under certain symptoms of scoliosis of 1 degree or other stages of the disease, such as severe muscle weakness or high mobility of the spine, manual exposure is contraindicated.
The course of treatment for scoliosis is always long, even in the early stages. Only after some time it will be possible to say for sure that the disease is losing ground.
Prevention of scoliosis
The most important rule of prevention - compliance with correct posture. In addition, you must provide at least a minimum level of motor activity, which includes walking, jogging, swimming and, of course, gymnastics.
For the prevention of scoliosis exercises should be aimed at strengthening the muscles of the back, chest and abdomen. In addition to being produced by a correct posture, scoliosis of 1 degree figure flaws are corrected, there is a skill with your body, improving blood flow to internal organs and normalize metabolic processes.
In childhood and adolescence is necessary to pay attention to nutrition and respect for the day. At school and at home workplace child must comply with age and growth.