Brief description of the disease
Rheumatoid arthritis - an autoimmune, chronic connective tissue disease, which mainly affects the human joints. The spread to other organs, as well as trophic disorders, observed only at advanced stages of the disease in the absence of adequate treatment. Currently, rheumatoid arthritis, symptoms of which occur more frequently in women than in men, occurs at any age, that seems to be associated with the spread of bad habits and unhealthy lifestyle of young people.
Rheumatoid arthritis - symptoms and clinical picture
For the initial stage of the disease is characterized by the following symptoms:
- general fatigue, especially in the morning and after sleep;
- joint stiffness;
- pain in the affected area;
- swelling of damaged areas.
Because rheumatoid arthritis can affect several joints, the pain often manifests itself simultaneously in different parts of the body. Sometimes symptoms appear suddenly, but often painful growing slowly. At the same time patients the numbness of limbs, loss of appetite, weight loss, fatigue after minor physical exertion and excessive sweating. Rheumatoid arthritis, the treatment is not carried out for a long period of time, leading to joint deformities and other serious complications. In particular, in the advanced stages of the disease in patients revealed subcutaneous bumps, pleural effusion, anemia and inflammation of the eye.
In the process of further development of rheumatoid arthritis causes erosion of cartilage and bone, as well as contributes to scarring around the joints and other soft tissue lesions
. In some cases, the destructive process is developed to such an extent that the joint loses all its strength, becomes unstable, can not support the weight of the body
. For the later stages of the disease characterized by joint and splices
. At the same time their surfaces are connected so tightly that lose mobility
. The danger is that even running rheumatoid arthritis, the symptoms of which, logically, should appear very intense, nothing can manifest itself for a long period of time
. Consequently, many patients from time to time feel great and do not even know about the development of serious pathology
. This problem is solved by means of regular visits to the orthopedist, and a periodic comprehensive examination of the body
Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis - an inflammatory disease, which is usually diagnosed in children under 16 years. The exact etiology of inflammation is unknown. In addition, the juvenile form of arthritis characterized by a complex pathogenesis and rapid progressive course. Often inflammatory reactions affect not only the joints but also other organs, leading to the child's disability. Currently, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis occurs in about 12-19 cases per 100 000 child population. Especially dangerous is the acute form of the disease, which is characterized by severe symptoms and poor prognosis if treatment is started too late. Subacute onset of the disease is less dangerous, because in this situation, symptoms is weak or non-existent. Identify Rheumatoid Arthritis can be founded on grounds such as:
- changes in the normal gait;
- swelling of the affected joint (sometimes without much pain);
- morning stiffness of the joints;
- drop in visual acuity;
If a child is present at least one of these symptoms, you should immediately consult a doctor. He will deliver an accurate diagnosis, prescribe the best treatment and care of that juvenile rheumatoid arthritis has not led to serious pathological changes.
Rheumatoid arthritis - Treatment by conventional methods
The basis of the traditional treatment is anti-inflammatory drugs. They must choose only a qualified doctor, because the effectiveness of these funds is very much varies depending on the severity of the symptoms, the patient's age and other important factors. Note also that anti-inflammatory drugs do not eliminate the cause of the disease, but they relieve pain, stiffness and swelling of joints. For this reason, in the diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis, the treatment of anti-inflammatory drugs is considered an integral part of all reconstructive procedures.
In the period of acute patients are usually prescribed steroids, but take them with caution to avoid serious side effects. In recent years, the development of innovative medicines at the same time affects the symptoms and course of rheumatoid arthritis. Such drugs include, for example, methotrexate. It slows down the progression of inflammation and relieves pains.
Briefly consider the actions to be taken at different stages of the disease.
During an exacerbation is very effective ice, but do not leave it on the inflamed area for more than 5 minutes. Applying ice to be repeated several times a day. Good will and thermal procedures. They perfectly remove dull pain and stiffness. An important point: do not use a bottle filled with hot water directly to the inflamed area, as it will strengthen the pain symptoms. In addition, in acute need to ensure that the joints calm and avoid a long position in a bent condition.
During remission it is very important to restore muscle strength as rheumatoid arthritis leads to a significant weakening of the muscle activity. The restoration is a special exercises, but you need to perform exercises under the supervision of a specialist physical therapy. To take the weight off the joints, get the correct length and stick orthopedic shoes. Be sure to give up smoking and eat properly. The main food in your diet should be the products are rich in calcium.
People's treatment of rheumatoid arthritis
Just note that the diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis, treatment of folk remedies used solely to relieve unpleasant symptoms. This means that a popular treatment of rheumatoid arthritis is not able to eliminate the cause of the disease, but at the same time it helps to reduce pain, relieve joint stiffness, improves patient quality of life. The most effective, time-tested recipes decoctions, tinctures and ointments, we present below.
- for grinding inflamed areas, a mixture of turpentine (150 ml), olive oil (150 ml), 70% alcohol (150 ml) and camphor (3a). Rub the affected area can be agents of turpentine and pine;
- fill a half-liter bottle of red clover and pour the vodka. The mixture was infused for 10 days in a dark place. Then strain the solution and use it for grinding or poultices;
- Pour 50 grams of camphor and 50 g of mustard powder 100 ml. alcohol. Connect the resulting mixture with the egg white and leave for a day in a warm, dark place. Use the infusion for grinding aching joints;
- tamp mattress fresh fern leaves and rest only on a makeshift bed natural. They say that after a few weeks of rheumatoid arthritis will be gone forever, and many other diseases of the joints.