Rectal prolapse - a condition in which the rectum of normal anatomic position is partially or completely outside the anus.
rectum can occur without any adverse symptoms, and may be accompanied by mucous secretions, rectal bleeding and sudden defecation.
In children, rectal prolapse occurs mostly between the ages of one to four years, mainly due to prolonged periods of sitting the child on the pot and use a small amount of liquid. Women rectal prolapse due to the growth of polyps or tumors in the intestinal walls, straining during bowel movements, weakness of the pelvic floor muscles, tissue damage during birth, or may be a consequence of surgery. In rare cases, the disease is life-threatening, but the symptoms can be quite debilitating, if not treated promptly. Rectal prolapse in elderly women happens more often than in men or children.
Complications of the disease are extremely rare, but when delayed treatment may experience severe rectal bleeding, prostate adenoma, and in very rare cases, it may be a cancer on the part of the rectum, which went beyond the anus.
Symptoms of rectal prolapse
Symptoms of rectal prolapse include:
- Fecal incontinence;
- Small anal bleeding;
- Pain during bowel movements;
- Anal itching;
- Mucous discharge from serving tissue.
Causes of rectal prolapse
A number of factors may contribute to the development of rectal prolapse. It may be due to the DC voltage during a bowel movement or be the result of childbirth, in rare cases it can lead to genetic predisposition.
Sometimes the cause of rectal prolapse is a weakening of the anal sphincter and sprains that hold the rectum in the pelvis. Also rectal prolapse may be the result of a generalized dysfunction of the pelvic floor, in combination with urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse. Disturbances or diseases of the spinal cord can also cause rectal prolapse.
Treatment of rectal prolapse
Risk Factors rectal prolapse in children are cystic fibrosis and strain during bowel movements. Often the treatment of rectal prolapse in children is carried out by conservative methods under medical supervision at home.
rectum in the child part, you can try to hold their own treatment, which requires:
- Wear rubber gloves and pour the grease on your fingers;
- Slowly and carefully move in the fabric which appeared rectum back into the anus;
- Attach the anus ice pack through a damp cloth, to reduce swelling and damage the skin.
If the tissue of the rectum barely moves back into the anus need to stop doing the procedure independently and seek medical advice.
In adults, the treatment of rectal prolapse is carried out with the help of surgery, but there is no single correct medical treatment for this disease. The most common surgical procedures for rectal prolapse are:
- The operation to strengthen the ligaments that support the rectum;
- Ectomy rectum;
- Tying the rectum;
- Ectomy sigmoid colon;