General information about the disease
Pseudotuberculosis - an acute infectious disease that is caused by intestinal bacteria and is characterized by severe intoxication, lesions of the skin and gastrointestinal tract. Pathogen pseudotuberculosis found in soil, water, body of many animal species. The principal vectors are rodents.
Pseudotuberculosis bacteria survive for a long time in the environment and in products, while maintaining the ability to grow within 2-3 months. When cooked, they die quickly, so one of the most effective preventive measure is proper cooking. The greatest attention should be given to winter storage products (potatoes, cabbage, carrots), as they are often infected rodents. In addition, caution should be taken when drinking milk, sour cream, cottage cheese and other dairy products that are eaten without prior cooking. Often pseudotuberculosis found in water from open reservoirs.
The infection affects people of any age, but the largest number of infections in children pseudotuberculosis marked the first years of life.
Pathogens pseudotuberculosis ingested with water or food. In the stomach, microbes are fixed, begin to proliferate and penetrate into the regional lymph nodes, causing their inflammation. Discover pseudotuberculosis in children whose symptoms in the early stages is practically no manifest themselves, it is extremely difficult. Basically infection diagnosed after contact with different systems and organs, when there is mass death of pathogens, accompanied by the release of toxins. Only after that the patients appear pseudotuberculosis typical symptoms of the disease: organ damage, fever, intoxication.
Autopsy studies of patients who died showed that, somehow, pseudotuberculosis affects all the vital systems of the body. The bodies of the sick people were found pseudotuberculosis nonspecific dystrophic, microabscesses granulomas. For this reason, treat psevdoturbekulez children should be immediately after diagnosis, which reduces the risk of serious complications. We also note that previous infection forms a very weak immune system. Sometimes he did not appear, so it is possible relapses and repeated cases of pseudotuberculosis.
Disease begins acutely and manifests itself:
- increase in body temperature to 38-39 degrees;
- symptoms of intoxication of the organism;
- severe pain in the joints and muscles;
- nausea, vomiting;
- cramping or persistent abdominal pain.
As a rule, the sources are localized pain in the epigastric region, in the right lower abdomen and around the navel. Sometimes they spread to the right hypochondrium. If there was pseudotuberculosis in children, the symptoms indicate a serious disorder of the digestive system. The chair becomes a liquid or viscous, it acquires a specific sharp odor. When pseudotuberculosis gets to the colon in the stool appear mucus or blood. Stool frequency is increased to 15 times per day.
Characteristic symptoms pseudotuberculosis - the so-called "hood" - redness of the face and neck. Change the color of the skin is also observed on the hands and feet. Typically redness becomes noticeable 3-5 days of illness. It is held during the week, and then disappears, leaving scaly patches of skin.
Very often pseudotuberculosis leads to white patches on the tongue. It disappears after 5-7 days after the onset of the disease, then the language becomes rich crimson.
For the diagnosis pseudotuberculosis used as history data, and specific methods - serological and bacteriological. Since the diagnosis pseudotuberculosis symptoms similar to many other infectious diseases, patients are taken: fecal samples, blood, cerebrospinal fluid samples, and lymph nodes. To detect TB antigens experts use immunosorbent assay.
Pseudotuberculosis cured with antibiotics, chemotherapeutic agents and sulfonamides. When pronounced symptoms of intoxication patients demonstrated an intravenous infusion of 5% glucose solution or gemodeza. Note that the pseudotuberculosis in children requires the most responsible approach to the choice of means, especially antibiotics. Engage in self - is unacceptable. The child should immediately see a doctor, who will deliver an accurate diagnosis and to select the most sparing drugs.
The duration of treatment depends on the form of pseudotuberculosis diseases. If diagnosed with pseudotuberculosis running, the treatment will be longer, as it is necessary to identify secondary infections, and work to restore the major systems of the body. If there are indications, doctors may resort to surgery. Extract patients is only possible after full recovery and negative samples for the presence of TB antigens.
An effective vaccine against pseudotuberculosis there, so preventive measures are reduced to the fight against rodents, monitoring the state of the vegetable stores, observance of rules of hygiene in companies that are engaged in processing, storage and transportation of food.