Prostatitis known as inflammation of the prostate.
Currently, urologists tend to believe that prostatitis is not a single disease, and combines several diseases of the male genitalia. This is one of the most frequent pathologies of the male urogenital tract, and it is estimated that the percentage of men suffering from prostatitis in one form or another, is constantly growing. With age increases the risk of developing prostatitis.
Causes of prostatitis
The immediate cause of prostatitis are two factors, equal in importance. The first - is the emergence of stagnation in the pelvis, and as a consequence, in the prostate, and the second - the accession of infection. However, in some cases, can not detect the infectious agent in the prostate tissue suspected cause in these cases of prostatitis are autoimmune processes, which means that the prostate gland is attacked by its own immune system cells, resulting in a failure occurred in it.
Contributing factors of inflammation in the prostate gland are: the weakening of the immune system as a result of previous infection, hypothermia, stress; hormonal disorders, incomplete ejaculation, lack of exercise, dietary habits (addiction to fried, fatty, smoked, spicy food), frequent urinary retention. One common cause of prostatitis is considered irregular sexual life.
Types of prostatitis
Currently accepted international classification of prostatitis is the most comprehensive and covers all types of inflammation:
- Category I. Acute prostatitis;
- Category II. Chronic bacterial prostatitis;
- Category III. Non-bacterial chronic prostatitis / chronic pelvic pain syndrome - a disease in which the infection is not detected for longer than 3 months;
- Sub-Category III A syndrome of chronic inflammatory pelvic pain (in the prostate secretion determined leukocytes);
- Sub-Category III B. The syndrome of chronic non-inflammatory pelvic pain (prostate no secret leukocytes);
- Category IV. Asymptomatic chronic prostatitis (prostate secret there are white blood cells, the patient does not present complaints, the disease is detected incidentally).
Symptoms of prostatitis
There are so-called "prostatitnaya triad", the three most common symptoms of prostatitis. These include:
1. pain in the pelvic area and genitals;
2. urination disorders, which include sluggish stream, intermittent stream, incomplete emptying of the bladder, frequent urination, etc .;
3. disorder in the sexual sphere.
It should be noted that not all three symptoms of prostatitis are required, in addition, acute and chronic prostatitis occur in different ways.
Symptoms of acute prostatitis: a strong, sharp pain in the prostate gland, which is given in the rectum, perineum, testicles, lower back; deterioration of general condition, fever, headache and muscle pain, weakness; impaired urination up to acute urinary retention as a result of swelling of the prostate gland and compression of the urethra.
Symptoms of chronic prostatitis: pain in the prostate, but less intense than in acute prostatitis; urination disorders, sexual disorders: partial erection, brief erection, rapid ejaculation, etc. Chronic prostatitis may have a fluctuating course, with periods of exacerbation followed by periods of remission, or may have a constant mild symptoms.
In contrast to other inflammatory diseases where chronic process result is untreated acute inflammation, chronic prostatitis is often of primary chronic, difficult when the patient himself to define the beginning of the disease.
Diagnosis of prostatitis
To diagnose prostatitis conduct the following studies:
- analysis of prostatic secretions;
- digital rectal examination;
- transrectal ultrasound of the prostate;
- Ultrasound of the kidneys and the bladder;
- a blood test for PSA (prostate-specific antigen);
- general blood analysis;
- general urine analysis;
- urine test for urogenital infections before and after prostate massage;
- uroflowmetry (research urination).
The primary diagnosis is to identify the causes of prostatitis, as this depends on curative measures. Another object of the Diagnostics - the exception of prostate cancer.
Treatment of prostatitis
Acute and chronic bacterial prostatitis is treated with antibiotics. Appointed by strong doses of antibiotics in acute prostatitis, even before the results of bacterial inoculation test as an acute process requires immediate action. The complex non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are appointed with well analgesic effect.
Chronic prostatitis is treated depending on its cause. When non-bacterial prostatitis take tonic, immunomodulatory drugs. Treatment of prostatitis is conducted with the obligatory participation of physiotherapy: laser therapy, magnetic therapy, electrophoresis of drugs, ultrasound, etc.
Urologists claim that the treatment of prostatitis among medical means will only lead to temporary relief, since without changing their traditional way of life of prostatitis treatment is ineffective. It is necessary to give up bad habits, active lifestyle, eliminating physical inactivity, to avoid stagnation in the pelvis with a special gymnastics, try to spend less time in the car, walking more than driving, as well as sufficient rest. It is also important to establish your sex life, make it a regular and fully fed. Chronic prostatitis is prone to relapse, so changes in lifestyle should be permanent, but in this case the treatment of prostatitis lead to a complete cure.
The treatment of prostatitis folk remedies
For the treatment of prostatitis is widely and successfully used traditional methods, especially for the treatment of chronic prostatitis. They act softer than medication drugs, but still sufficiently effective and have fewer side effects, whereby the treatment of prostatitis folk remedies may be carried out for a long time, to eliminate the symptoms.
From folk remedies to treat prostatitis widely used herbal teas with anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effect: tea chamomile, sage leaves, marigold flowers, etc. Herbs are also used in the form of tinctures and balms. As the bracing means using honey and bee products. Beeswax is perfectly wraps the treatment of chronic prostatitis, replacing the wax. As soft immunostimulatory agent used tincture of echinacea, for the same purpose are successfully using some varieties of honey.