Proctitis - an inflammatory disease that affects the mucous membrane of the rectum. Proctitis may be accompanied by inflammation of the bowel area above the rectum. Proctitis often confused with paraproctitis. When paraproctitis inflamed tissue surrounding the rectum.
Reasons forms and symptoms proctitis
Proctitis may develop in the wrong diet, excessive use of alcohol, spicy dishes. Often rectal proctitis develops against the background of constant constipation. Regular constipation contribute to the occurrence of venous stasis in the rectum. The stagnation of blood in the rectal wall injures the intestinal mucosa. All these factors lead to the development of stagnant proctitis.
When infestation by parasites (balantidiums, Trichomonas, dysenteric amoeba) increases the risk of parasitic proctitis. Gonococcal infection can cause gonococcal proctitis.
Proctitis rectum may develop in colds, diseases of the pelvic organs (cystitis, prostatitis). The development of this disease can trigger the disease of the rectum, occur without inflammation (such as hemorrhoids). There are acute and chronic proctitis. Acute proctitis is divided into catarrhal-hemorrhagic, catarrhal-suppurative polypoid and proctitis. For acute proctitis is characterized by superficial lesions of the intestinal mucosa. At catarrhal-hemorrhagic form of proctitis in the rectal mucosa are formed point scattered hemorrhages. At catarrhal-purulent form of the disease rectal mucosa uniformly covered with a purulent coating. When polypoid form of proctitis in the rectal mucosa formed polypoid masses (growths).
Ulcerative (erosive) proctitis associated with the development of ulcerations or erosions rectal mucosa. Acute proctitis usually develops within a few days. Proctitis in the chronic form usually develops over several months or even years. In this form of the disease affects the deeper layers of the intestinal mucosa. Chronic proctitis may be atrophic or hypertrophic. In atrophic proctitis the mucous membrane is thinned, and her wrinkles smoothed. In hypertrophic proctitis rectal mucosa folds become loose due to thickening.
The main symptom of colon proctitis in the acute form include pain in the rectal area. The pain is usually accompanied by pus and bleeding from the anus. Pain in acute proctitis is usually worse during bowel movements. Other symptoms in acute proctitis are diarrhea, constipation, pain in the perineum, smack in the lower back and genitals.
In the chronic form of the disease alternate with phases of exacerbation and remission. At an exacerbation of disease periodically occur pain in the rectum, the hindgut or the left iliac region. The remission (remission), the only manifestation of the disease is the presence of mucus in the stool. Gonorrheal proctitis may be accompanied by a narrowing of the rectum and the development of chronic constipation.
Diagnosis and treatment of proctitis
If you have symptoms of proctitis for diagnosis conducted special studies. Digital rectal examination the doctor finger probes inflamed bowel wall. When the walls of the intestine rectoscopy inspection carried out by a proctoscope. This method enables to study accurately proctitis distinguished from other diseases with similar symptoms.
Cytology and biopsy of the intestinal contents of the intestinal wall is assigned to determine the extent and nature of the inflammatory changes. These methods also allow you to distinguish the tumor from the colon proctitis.
Treatment proctitis largely depends on the shape and causes of the disease. The treatment regimen included proctitis treatment regimen, hygiene measures, diet. In severe forms of acute proctitis (catarrhal-purulent, erosive, peptic ulcer, polypoid) hospitalization. Patients with acute proctitis prescribe bed rest.
If proctitis is limited to the amount of fiber consumed, as well as spices and completely eliminated any spicy food, alcohol, fried foods. The basis of the diet in this disease must be based soups lean meats, dairy products, lean meat in the form of frayed.
For the treatment of proctitis in the acute form prescribe antibiotics inhibit the development of infection. The dosage and duration of antibiotic treatment should be determined by a physician.
For topical use in this disease microclysters used oil, with a solution microclysters Collargol, decoction of chamomile, sitz baths with potassium permanganate.
In chronic proctitis in remission shown baths and mud baths. Good effect intestinal lavage with warm mineral water (Borjomi, Essentuki). Washing activate the motor function of the digestive tract and help remove the mucus.
Surgical treatment is rarely assigned proctitis. With timely treatment of the disease ends complete recovery. Compliance with hygiene guidelines and diet significantly reduced the risk of exacerbations of the disease.
Proctitis - Treatment folk remedies
Some ways to treat proctitis folk remedies help relieve inflammatory process in the rectal area. In the treatment of proctitis folk remedies necessary to take two tablespoons of marigold flowers and pour them a glass of boiling water. All this should be warmed in a water bath for 15-20 minutes (stirring constantly). The resulting infusion should be cool and drain. The infusion should be consumed every day three or four times a day, after diluting it with water.
This infusion can be used to wash the intestine. To do this, one tablespoon of the infusion need to pour a tablespoon of boric acid (3%). Derived drugs administered by enema every day before going to bed.
When proctitis can take half a tablespoon of oregano and lemon balm, mix and pour a glass of boiling water. Then, for 25 minutes to put in a water bath and then give broth brew half hour. The resulting broth can be made retention enemas.
For a sit-bath can use the infusion of horsetail. To prepare it is necessary to take half a cup of horsetail and fill it with one liter of boiling water. Give broth brew infuse for about ten minutes and strain. The resulting broth can be used for sitz baths.
When inflammation of the mucous membrane of the rectum to help the mixture of oak bark, toadflax flowers and grass of water pepper. All components must take in equal amounts by volume, grind in a mortar until a slurry and pour the warm melted lard. After 12 hours, the mixture should be slightly warm up and drain. Then take some of the prepared mixture on the gauze and put it into the anus. Hold for at least five hours. The course of treatment should last about three weeks.