A disease in which the inflammatory process sequentially or simultaneously covers several joints is called arthritis. The disease develops, regardless of age, sex and social status of a person. In this disease may be affected almost all joints, but a special disadvantage brings polyarthritis hands when it becomes impossible to carry out any action.
Polyarthritis may be both primary and secondary. In the first case it is a distinct disease infectious-nonspecific etiology, in the second - a complication of sepsis, rheumatism and some other illnesses. Not timely initiation of treatment or a lack of it can lead to a deterioration in the quality of life, as the disease tends to recur. Gradually joint function may be broken to the extent that the person will be recognized as invalid.
Forms of arthritis
Depending on the mechanism of inflammation is divided into infectious arthritis, and rheumatoid exchange:
- Infectious form of the disease occurs as a result of penetration into the joint through the bloodstream infection or metabolic products of pathogens. Infectious arthritis may occur in viral hepatitis, gonorrhea, dysentery.
- Exchange or crystalline arthritis develops due to the fact that the synovium is injured settles in the joint capsule with salt crystals. This form of arthritis is observed in metabolic disorders, joint injuries, allergic predisposition.
- Rheumatoid arthritis is influenced by genetic and environmental factors. Development of the disease contributes to the decline of immune status. This form of arthritis is a systemic disease, because the progression of the disease is loss of connective tissue, and therefore the inflammatory process may also cover internal organs.
The joints, in addition to inflammation, there is an abnormal growth of cells and blood vessels. As a result, the joint capsule is formed specific tissues, with the property to penetrate into the cartilage and destroy it. The disease spread widely, from rheumatoid arthritis, mostly affects women aged 20 to 50 years.
Symptoms of arthritis
Typical symptoms in all forms of arthritis are joint pain, swelling and redness at the site of the lesion. Often the disease is accompanied by stiffness, chronic observed during the deformation of the joint. Also, when suffering from arthritis and overall health. The patient has a fever, fatigue and weakness appears.
The most common initial symptoms of fever appear on the hands and later the propagation of the inflammatory process in the other larger joints. Patients concerned about swelling of the joints of the hands, redness and tenderness over the affected joints. For arthritis characterized by difficulty in bending the hand fingers in the morning or after work, as well as the appearance of formations in the form of nodules in the vicinity of the affected area. In carrying out even simple hand movements as a capture or rotational person may experience difficulty.
For rheumatoid arthritis is characterized by gradual onset: slight morning stiffness, irregular and weak pains, a slight increase in body temperature. The further course of the disease occurs in different ways. Someone affects large joints, with their functions almost violated, in others the symptoms of arthritis is significantly expressed, whereas the disease covers only the small joints of the feet and hands.
Over time, for rheumatoid arthritis progresses, the diseased joint to the surrounding muscles atrophy, the process involved tendons, joints deformed, sick person becomes able to perform the movements in full. The symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis forms are attached complaint of numbness in the limbs and a sense of them as "ants", which are due to destruction of nerve fibers.
Treatment of arthritis
The duration of treatment in the acute phase of arthritis depends on many factors, but all cases the course of taking the drugs long enough. Completely get rid of the disease is not possible, a person can be done only slow down the process of destruction of bone tissue with the appropriate drugs, thus making its existence acceptable.
Treatment of arthritis is carried out in several directions. Primarily used drugs from the group of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and corticosteroids. The greatest effect is the combination of pills or injections with medications topical (creams, ointments and gels).
If necessary, use antibiotics, immunosuppressants and antihistamines. Also during the treatment of arthritis focuses on rehabilitation of chronic foci of infection. Good effect gives physiotherapy: UFO in erythema doses, iontophoresis, diathermy, paraffin baths, UHF. In rheumatoid arthritis treatment is supplemented appointed rheumatologist means.
As a distraction for pain treatments can be used alternately latch hot and cold compresses to the affected joints. Similar effects have also hot salt bath.