Parovarian cyst called hollow tumor formed from fabric epoophoron. It is located between the fallopian tubes and ovaries, and covered sheets of broad ligament.
cyst is most commonly diagnosed in women aged 20 to 40 years. This is due to the fact that most of the development parovarium reaches in this age. Among all the tumors of the ovary to share parovarian cyst accounts for 15 - 20%.
Parovarian cyst: Causes
Parovarian cyst is formed as a result of violations of embryogenesis (embryonic development). This disease is not inherited and has no genetic predisposition. Other reasons parovarian cyst does not exist!
Given that this is not a cyst tumor, and tumor (tumor) formation, it never degenerates into a malignant tumor, ie, not maligniziruetsya. True cysts grow due to rapid cell growth and division of their walls. Parovarian cyst grows by stretching it a secret cavity cells forming its walls.
Since the inflammatory process is not the cause parovarian cyst, then its treatment does not lead to its resorption. But local hyperthermia (visit baths, hot tubs), and solar radiation may contribute to the accelerated growth parovarian cyst.
Parovarian cyst Symptoms
For small in size parovarian cyst not exceeding 2, 5 - 3, 0 cm in diameter, patients usually do not make any complaints, and they are likely to discover by chance during an ultrasound study of the pelvic organs.
However parovarian cyst can grow up to gigantic proportions (over 30 cm in diameter). In this case, they begin to compress the surrounding tissue and organs, which leads to pain in the lower back and abdomen, wearing periodic aching in nature. This pain is not associated with the menstrual cycle. They are aggravated by physical and sexual activity, and rest yourself cropped (pass).
At very high parovarian cyst observed asymmetric increase in the abdomen, especially strongly noticeable lean women. In very rare cases, the disease leads to a variety of menstrual disorders and infertility.
Parovarian cyst: Treatment
Small in size and do not cause discomfort parovarian cyst is not treated. The woman should be in the dispensary and visit a gynecologist once a year.
Conservative treatment parovarian cyst is not carried out, as it is completely pointless. Therefore, when cysts medium and large volume, causing pain, menstrual irregularities and / or infertility, shown holding surgery - removal parovarian cyst.
surgery, the surgeon removes not only the cyst but all rudimentary (rudimentary) education, from which it is born. Therefore, after surgical removal parovarian cyst relapses do not occur.
Removing parovarian cyst shows also women planning IVF (in vitro fertilization).
Laparoscopy at parovarian cyst
The optimal surgical treatment parovarian cyst is a laparoscopy.
Laparoscopy parovarian cyst extirpate together with its capsule. With this method the risk of traumatic surgery of fallopian tube or ovary is minimized, which is especially important for those women who are planning a pregnancy in the future. Blood loss during this operation is minimal and only a few milliliters. In the evening a woman can walk, and the next day it is usually discharged from the hospital. Full recovery takes place in the performance for the month.