Chronic thought disorder that appears in lesions of the brain and various mental diseases characterized by the emergence of logically constructed system of behavior, which is based on delusions of persecution, unfounded jealousy and suspicion, called paranoia.
The term was coined in 1863 by Karl Ludwig Kahlbaum, up to this point of paranoia was considered an independent mental disorder.
This system behavior is usually constant, it could be considered absolutely adequate, if initially abnormal ideas were based on reality, and in fact were correct.
The easiest form of the disease called paranoid syndrome. The patient is the primary systematic persecution, unfounded jealousy, and raving hypochondriac. In addition to these manifestations paranoid syndrome, in some cases accompanied by erotic sutyazhnym, high birth or monothematic delusions of reformism.
During paranoia content pathological situations often based or includes many of the elements of reality, which is quite believable in the mind of the patient are mixed with his unhealthy imagination.
Treatment of paranoia in most cases impossible, as the patients completely refuse to resort to the help of experts, considering himself completely normal, and their ideas correspond to reality.
Reasons for paranoia
Unequivocally say that provokes the emergence of paranoia is impossible, but there are several hypotheses. According to many psychiatrists, the state may provoke adverse circumstances in life, as well as the wrong person's response to the ongoing changes in his life.
Sigmund Freud believed that the true cause of paranoia is a delay or fixation occurring at a certain stage of sexual development of the child between the ages of 4 and 11 years old when boys play with boys, and girls with girls. If this happens during fixation, it will certainly lead to the development of male aggression or alcoholism in the future, and that will cause the development of paranoia.
Other psychologists believe that provokes paranoia present in the cerebral cortex of the patient's limited focus of static excitation. Because of this, it may obstruct the normal mobility of the cortical processes that gives rise to fantasies and improbable statements that are stored in the mind of the patient's extended period of time.
Another alleged cause of paranoia is a violation of the metabolic processes in the brain associated with the protein.
Of the latter, the assumptions put forward by the American scientists, paranoia can be a cause of excessive intake of caffeinated beverages. This relationship is explained by the ability of caffeine to stimulate chronic insomnia, diseases of the cardiovascular system and various types of psychoses, which under certain circumstances may develop into paranoia.
It registered many cases when the syndrome develops in elderly degenerative processes in the brain, that among these are:
- Alzheimer's Disease;
- Atherosclerotic vascular lesions of the brain;
- Parkinson's Disease;
- Huntington's disease.
By the probable cause of the development of a paranoid syndrome include taking certain types of drugs, alcohol, drugs and amphetamines.
Signs of paranoia
The classic signs of paranoia are the following symptoms:
- Unhealthy suspicion;
- The tendency to see the patient in random occurrences, and the enemies of the theory of conspiracy against his person;
- From a very young age paranoid stands out among peers high self-esteem, self-absorption, and a penchant for the truth to give their fantasies for real events.
In most cases, symptoms of paranoia is a sudden conflict with others, based on the opinion of the patient that surround him envy or wish to detract from his dignity. Over time, it becomes increasingly paranoid aggressive, touchy, vindictive, suspicious and distrustful, he was not able to accept objective criticism, to forgive and forget grudges. Some time can stop the progression of the disease at this stage of development, however, any traumatic event in the life of the patient aggravates symptoms of paranoia.
In most cases, the progression of paranoia vera helps loved ones of the patient in his delusions, because at first glance they are quite logical. It has delayed a visit to a psychiatrist and paranoid diagnosis of the disease, as a result of the treatment of paranoia postponed indefinitely and delayed.
Another obstacle to the treatment of the disease is the complete failure of the patient to resort to the help of experts, because in his view he is absolutely healthy, and his ideas are not "delusional" nature.
In cases where the patient still manages to persuade seek help in hospital it is prescribed antipsychotic drugs, which have mostly antibredovy effect, much less apply different psychotherapy directions as part of a complex action.
Treatment of paranoia is always difficult, because over time, the patient begins to spread suspicion and physician and psychotherapy paranoid perceived as a way to control their minds.
Paranoia is called chronic disorder of thought that occurs on a background of mental disorders, degenerative, or brain injuries. Characteristic features of the disease are persecution, suspicion, unfounded jealousy and resentment of the patient as well as his inability to accept criticism and to forgive offenses.