Brief description of the disease
Pancreatitis - a disease characterized by inflammation of the pancreas. Normally, the pancreas performs two important functions. Firstly, the pancreas produces enzymes that entering the small intestine, are activated and are involved in the digestion of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Secondly, the body produces the hormone insulin, which regulates blood glucose levels.
If due to various causes pancreatic enzymes begin to be activated even within the body of the glands are digested and developed inflammatory process.
There are two forms of pancreatitis: acute and chronic pancreatitis.
The most common in obese women aged 30 to 60 years. Onset of the disease is characterized by acute zoster pain in the upper abdomen, often after drinking alcohol or fatty foods. The pain can be mild, tolerable or very strong radiating to the shoulder blade and the sternum. Pain can be so severe that in some cases the patient may develop shock or collapse. There is nausea, vomiting, a violation of the chair. Due to the difficulty of outflow of bile skin and sclera take a yellowish tint. Sometimes it is possible cyanosis of the skin of the abdomen and the anterior abdominal wall. Symptoms of intoxication, tongue in acute pancreatitis, dry and lined with plaque.
At the beginning of the disease is observed bloating, abdominal wall, however, remains soft. With the development and progression of acute pancreatitis observed muscle tension and signs of peritoneal irritation.
Acute pancreatitis can result in recovery or to a chronic form. Severe cases of acute pancreatitis can be fatal.
There are several forms of the disease: relapsing pancreatitis, latency, and sclerosing pancreatitis psevdogumorozny. Pain in chronic pancreatitis of different intensity, paroxysmal or permanent. The main localization of pain - in the upper part of the abdomen radiating to the back, chest (left side), the lower part of the abdomen. Pain may provoke fatty junk foods, alcohol intake, stress and other factors. The development of chronic pancreatitis is characterized by nausea, loss of appetite, bloating, a violation of a chair, sometimes vomiting. Can jaundice due to violation of the outflow of bile.
Chronic pancreatitis is characterized by periods of remission and exacerbation. Over periods of exacerbation of the disease are becoming more common may develop intestinal disorders, disruption of digestion, weight loss. Perhaps the development of diabetes.
Chronic pancreatitis often produces complications, including stomach bleeding, cancer, cysts and abscesses, liver disease, diabetes, enterocolitis.
Causes of pancreatitis
The main causes of pancreatitis are gall bladder disease, consumption of alcoholic beverages, abdominal trauma, taking certain medications, various infections, hormonal disorders, cardiovascular diseases, parasitic infestations, surgery on the gastrointestinal tract. One-third of patients to establish the true cause of the disease is not possible.
Symptoms of pancreatitis
The main symptom of pancreatitis is pain in the upper abdomen. Girdle pain may be episodic or constant. The use of analgesics and muscle relaxants are not always relieves. Also, there is vomiting, diarrhea or constipation, nausea, dizziness and weakness. Can bother bloating, belching. The patient loses weight, loss of appetite.
Symptoms of pancreatitis pronounced. The disease runs hard and causes patients to seek medical care.
Treatment of pancreatitis
Treatment of acute pancreatitis requires finding the patient in the hospital. When the pain is shown on the cold region of the pancreas, fasting, alkaline water may suction the stomach contents through a tube. Diet for pancreatitis - protein-carbohydrate involves restriction of salt, with the exception of milk. With the extinction of the symptoms of pancreatitis diet is expanding.
Drug treatment of pancreatitis involves administering analgesics and antispasmodics (analgin, baralgin), drugs that inhibit the secretory function of the pancreas and stomach (cimetidine, atropine), as well as drugs that inactivate proteolytic enzymes (pantripina, contrycal).
If conservative treatment of pancreatitis does not give tangible results, surgery is indicated.
Diet for pancreatitis
Diet for pancreatitis is used in case of a chronic course of the disease and during convalescence.
Diet implies a decrease in energy value, severe restriction of fats and carbohydrates. Do not take products that contribute flatulence comprise roughage, stimulate the production of gastric juice. In order to ease the period of diet, use acupuncture. Golden Earring will make weight loss easy and enjoyable.
Diet for pancreatitis involves steam cooking, cooking and baking. You can not eat too hot or cold dishes.
If pancreatitis is permitted to use lemon tea, fruit and berry juices, diluted with water, sugar, the dried white bread, savory biscuits. You can use low-fat dairy products and cheese.
The soup should be cooked without the addition of meat with different vegetables: carrots, potatoes, zucchini, with cereals and pasta. The soup can add a little butter or low-fat sour cream.
Meat - lean, preferably beef, veal, chicken, turkey, rabbit. Cook boiled or steamed, you can make cutlets. Fish eat low-fat varieties boiled.
Diet for pancreatitis involves eating semi-viscous porridges from various groats (buckwheat, oatmeal, semolina, rice), and pasta boiled.
Butter consumed 30 grams per day, vegetable - less than 10-15 grams by adding various dishes.
Patients can use different vegetables: carrots, potatoes, squash, beets, green beans, zucchini.
From fruit ripe and sour resolved.
Compote of fresh fruit should not contain a lot of sugar.
It is forbidden to eat a variety of soft drinks, coffee, grape juice, cocoa.
Diet for pancreatitis involves the refusal of fresh bread and rich pastries, soup in meat broth, cold soups (such as hash), borscht, milk soups.
It is forbidden to eat hard-boiled eggs and dishes made with whole eggs.
Under the ban fatty meats, smoked meats and sausages, offal.
You can not eat legumes and cereal crisp. It is necessary to limit the consumption of wheat, corn, barley and barley grains.
You should not eat radishes, cabbage, radish, garlic, sorrel, onions, peppers, grapes, dates, figs and bananas.
Patients should abandon confectionery, chocolate, ice cream and various spices, alcoholic beverages, fats and cooking oils.