Brief description of the disease
This disease is known as osteomyelitis mankind for more than 3,000 years. On it it was known to Hippocrates, who first gave a detailed description of the disease and advice about her treatment. Today osteomyelitis is much rarer because of the omnipresence of antibiotics, but still hundreds of research laboratories are struggling with the search for effective drugs against this disease. Such attention of specialists due to the fact that osteomyelitis in children and adults directly affects bone tissue and bone marrow, which is very, very dangerous, especially at an early age.
Basic germs - Staphylococcus and some other bacteria, in particular fungi or rickettsia. In children, the most frequent hematogenous osteomyelitis, arising from the spread of infection through the blood vessels. Adults hematogenous form is rarely diagnosed. In addition to bacteria, osteomyelitis, treatment which is an important objective of modern medicine, can develop after an infection of soft tissues adjacent to bones, fractures and acute when the infection penetrates into the body through the laceration.
Acute osteomyelitis - symptoms and clinical picture
This form of the infection affects both adults and children. In the latter case, osteomyelitis may be caused by trauma or penetrate the unhealed umbilical cord immediately after birth. Note that in the early osteomyelitis of bones becomes chronic. This contributes to faster recovery of the child and determines that no serious consequences.
The main features of the acute form include: pain in the lesion, aggravated by movements of limbs, increase in body temperature up to 40 degrees, redness and swelling at the site of infection. In the analysis of blood samples from patients reveals increased number of leukocytes and ESR. To accurately determine the acute osteomyelitis, the symptoms of which may coincide with a number of other infections, the patient is assigned to X-rays and analysis of bacterial flora. In rare cases, a bone puncture. Treatment of acute necessarily implies the use of antibiotics.
Chronic osteomyelitis in children and adults
It develops from the acute form, when the therapeutic measures were taken too late. In addition, chronic osteomyelitis may be the result of incorrect use of the designated antibiotics or certain disorders of the bone. As a rule, chronic stage occurs after 10-12 weeks after the onset of the acute form, respectively, need to take all measures for the timely diagnosis of the disease and consult your doctor at the first suspicious symptoms, and not when due to an infection the patient is no longer able to walk .
Like many other diseases, chronic osteomyelitis is characterized by alternating periods of rest and aggravation. Each person will have different duration, which seems to be explained by the individual and the degree of resilience of the action of infection. However, in patients suffering from the chronic form of osteomyelitis, there is one common feature - the formation of a fistula. Heal it is not possible, so be careful and do not hesitate to go to the doctor with any suspicious symptoms.
Hematogenous osteomyelitis bone
In this form of the infection spreads throughout the body along with the blood flow from the existing focus of infection. For an accurate diagnosis, doctors use X-ray examination. In the case of children it is possible to hold not earlier than the second or third week of life. If the child appeared hematogenous osteomyelitis, symptoms almost immediately in the form of swelling in the affected area, and the development of related osteoporosis. Of course, the sooner the therapist to identify the causes of these phenomena, the better, because it is very important to prevent the spread of infection in the soft tissue.
Osteomyelitis - Treatment of traditional methods and recipes of traditional medicine
Regardless of the form, the treatment of osteomyelitis - a laborious and time-extended process. Nowadays, for getting rid of the infection, doctors use a variety of techniques, including surgery when removal of the affected bone is made. But this is an extreme measure. Typically, the bone can not save because of modern methods of treatment. One is called mechanical osteoperforation. Its essence lies in the fact that the acute or chronic osteomyelitis is blocked by introducing special products into the bone. They seem to be erected around the site of infection barrier and do not let it spread to the neighboring areas of the body.
It should be noted that if a person diagnosed with osteomyelitis, bone, treatment is aimed not only at eliminating the infection, but also to the normalization of the functioning of all vital organs. For example, osteomyelitis often affects the kidneys, liver, thyroid gland and the immune system, so therapeutic activities include a series of analyzes and regular monitoring of the state of the body. To minimize the risk of surgery and allow antibiotics, but note that they can only appoint a qualified doctor, after a complex examination of the patient.
Along with the traditional methods is permissible to use a popular treatment of osteomyelitis. Here are the most effective recipes known to mankind for hundreds of years:
- mountain arnica flowers fill the glass of 40% alcohol or regular vodka. Let the mixture sit for 10 days, then strain it and drink 30 minutes before eating 30-40 drops;
- rub an onion on a fine grater and mix it with the grated soap. From the resulting mass to make a compress, which is applied to the affected area several times a day for 20-30 minutes;
- overlaid sore spots boiled oat straw and firmly secure with a bandage or gauze dressing. The pain subsides after a few minutes after applying a compress.
Of course, people's treatment of osteomyelitis can not replace the action of antibiotics and other modern medicines, but it will be an excellent complement to the traditional methods and will get rid of the unpleasant symptoms much faster. However, before using any popular recipes recommend that you consult with your doctor.